Mark Baldwin (baseball)

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Mark Baldwin
Mark Baldwin.jpg
Goodwin & Company tobacco card of Mark Baldwin, c. 1887–1890
Born: (1863-10-29)October 29, 1863
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Died: November 10, 1929(1929-11-10) (aged 66)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
May 2, 1887, for the Chicago White Stockings
Last MLB appearance
September 30, 1893, for the New York Giants
MLB statistics
Win–loss record 154–165
Earned run average 3.37
Strikeouts 1,349
Career highlights and awards
  • 1889 AA leader in innings pitched (513 ⅔), losses (34), strikeouts (368), and walks (274)[1]
  • 1890 PL leader in complete games (53), wins (33), strikeouts (209), and walks (249)[2]
  • 46th-most complete games in MLB history (295)[3]

Marcus Elmore "Mark" Baldwin (October 29, 1863 – November 10, 1929), nicknamed "Fido", was a right-handed professional baseball pitcher who played seven seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB). Born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Baldwin started to pitch for amateur Homestead teams in 1880; after he graduated from Pennsylvania State University, Baldwin made his professional debut for a Cumberland, Maryland team in 1883.

During his career, he batted and threw right-handed, weighed 190 pounds (86 kg), and stood 6 feet (72 in) tall.

Early life

Marcus Elmore "Mark" Baldwin was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on October 29, 1863, to Franklin E. and Margaret Baldwin.[4] One of two children to the couple,[4] Mark and his family moved to Homestead, Pennsylvania, in 1872.[5] Franklin, a real estate speculator, previously worked as a steelworker, a profession from which he "retired ... some years ago" as of 1892,[6] and as a nailer.[7] Mark started to pitch for amateur Homestead teams in 1880,[8] and, after high school, attended Pennsylvania State University.[4]

Professional career

Baldwin made his professional debut for a team in Cumberland, Maryland, in 1883; two years later, he pitched for McKeesport, who finished first in the Western Pennsylvania league. On June 18, 1886, Baldwin, now with the Duluth Jayhawks of the Northwestern League, struck out 18 batters, twelve successively, against the St. Paul Freezers.[8] According to a friend of Baldwin, when Duluth fined Baldwin for poor play, Baldwin intentionally performed poorly until the Jayhawks revoked the fine.[9] Duluth won its league pennant, a victory, according to a Pittsburg Daily Post writer, due "chiefly on account of Baldwin's pitching".[10] After a tryout,[11] Chicago White Stockings President Albert Spalding signed Baldwin to a contract:[12] Chicago wanted Baldwin to play in the 1886 World Series, but the St. Louis Browns, against whom Chicago played, objected, and Baldwin never played in the series.[13]

Chicago White Stockings (1887–1888)

In preparation for the 1887 season, Baldwin joined Chicago during spring training in Hot Springs, Arkansas. Though in March 1887, based on reports from his previous seasonal performance, Baldwin "expected to rank next to [John] Clarkson" among Chicago's pitchers,[14] in April, The Sporting News reported Baldwin "[was] regarded in Chicago as little better than a failure".[15] On May 2, Baldwin made his MLB debut against the Indianapolis Hoosiers in a 9–1 Chicago loss.[16][17] Later in the month, Baldwin held the Boston Beaneaters to one run in a 3–1 Chicago victory,[18] part of a week in which Baldwin's development "[surprised]" a writer for The Post, who discounted the earlier evaluation of Baldwin as a failure.[19] In June, a correspondent for The Clipper complimented Baldwin on his endurance and curves,[20] while an Oshkosh Daily Northwestern writer called him the "swiftest pitcher in the National League" (NL).[21] Baldwin finished the season at an 18–17 win–loss record, with 164 strikeouts and 122 walks over 334 innings pitched, as Chicago finished 71–50, third in the NL.[22] By December, Baldwin had re-signed with the club.[23]

Sketch of Baldwin, 1888

With the sale of Clarkson to Boston, only White Stockings' player–manager Cap Anson, according to one prediction, believed the team could win a pennant.[24] During a March 25 spring training game against the New Orleans Pelicans, Baldwin allowed two earned runs in a complete game 6–2 loss,[25] though a brief reported he retained his speed from the previous season.[26] On May 1, a brief described Baldwin as "deficient in headwork" and "inclined to take things too easy";[27] the previous day, he allowed eight runs in an inning to the Pittsburg Alleghenys.[28] In a May 30 game against the Washington Nationals, Baldwin sprained a tendon in his right leg,[29][30] an injury from which he did not return until early July.[31] As a club, Chicago finished the season second in the NL, nine games behind the New York Giants, with a 77–58 record, while, individually, Baldwin led his team with 15 losses and 99 walks.[32]

On April 24, 1899, Anson released Baldwin and three other White Stockings and stated he would rather "take eighth place with [a team of gentlemen] than first with a gang of roughs";[33] according to Baldwin, Chicago did not restrict alcohol consumption on Spalding's 1888–89 World Tour, in which Baldwin participated, and, after he hinted he would not sign for the salary of last season, he was released.[34] He signed with the Columbus Solons of the American Association (AA) nine days later.[35]

Columbus Solons (1889)

After baseball

After baseball, Baldwin graduated with a Doctor of Medicine from Baltimore Medical College in 1900 and practiced in Rochester, Minnesota, in Columbus, and at Passavant Hospital in Pittsburgh.[13][36]

Baldwin died at Passavant Hospital on November 10, 1929, of cardiorenal disease.[4] He was interred at Allegheny Cemetery in Pittsburgh.[16]

See also


  1. "1889 American Association Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference. Retrieved September 25, 2015. 
  2. "1890 Players League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference. Retrieved September 25, 2015. 
  3. "Career Leaders and Records for Complete Games". Baseball-Reference. Retrieved September 25, 2015. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 McKenna, Brian. "Mark Baldwin". Society of American Baseball Research. Retrieved September 25, 2015. 
  5. "Death Record". The Pittsburg Press. September 23, 1908. p. 9. 
  6. "Caught a Pitcher: Famous Mark Baldwin Held for Court on a Charge of Aggravated Riot". Pittsburg Dispatch. September 2, 1892.  open access publication - free to read
  7. "News notes" (PDF). The Sporting News. The Sporting Life Publishing Company. 9 (10). June 15, 1887. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Pitcher Baldwin". Hutchinson Daily News. December 27, 1889. p. 2. 
  9. "Random Shots" (PDF). The Sporting News. The Sporting Life Publishing Company. 9 (19). August 17, 1887. 
  10. "Chicago Signs a South Sider". Pittsburg Daily Post. October 23, 1886. p. 4. 
  11. "Spaulding Wants Mark Baldwin". Pittsburg Daily Post. October 16, 1886. p. 4. 
  12. "Gossip of the Game". The Chicago Tribune. October 21, 1886. p. 2. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 Potter, David L. (2000). Biographical Dictionary of American Sports: A–F. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 58–59. ISBN 978-0-313-31174-1. 
  14. "Chicago at the Springs: Spalding Expects to Win the Pennant in spite of Kelly's Loss". The Times. March 6, 1887. p. 11. 
  15. "Notes and Comments" (PDF). The Sporting News. The Sporting Life Publishing Company. 9 (3). April 27, 1887. 
  16. 16.0 16.1 "Mark Baldwin". Baseball-Reference. Retrieved September 25, 2015. 
  17. "1887 Chicago White Stockings Schedule and Results". Baseball-Reference. Retrieved September 29, 2015. 
  18. "The Pittsburgher Pitched: Mark Baldwin Holds the Bostons Down to One Run". The Post. May 27, 1887. p. 6. 
  19. "Nimick's Return: He Makes a Statement about the Pittsburgh Club". The Post. May 28, 1887. p. 6. 
  20. "The National League: A Closer Fight on than Ever Before Known". The Saint Paul Daily Globe. June 6, 1887. p. 5. 
  21. "The Ball Field: To-Day's Gossip Wafted from the Diamond". Oshkosh Daily Northwestern. June 21, 1887. p. 3.  Last edition, 5:00 pm
  22. "1887 Chicago White Stockings". Baseball-Reference. Retrieved September 29, 2015. 
  23. "Baseball Matters: Items of Interest about Clubs and Players". The New York Times. December 18, 1887. p. 6. 
  24. "The Diamond". The Daily American. April 8, 1888. p. 9. 
  25. "Another Victim: The Chicagos Receive a Warm Welcome and a Beating". The Daily Picayune. March 22, 1888. p. 3. 
  26. "Ball Talk". Concordia Daily Blade. April 2, 1888. p. 2. 
  27. "Sporting Events: A Summary of the Latest Base-Ball News". The Daily Northwestern. May 1, 1888. p. 1. 
  28. "Mark Baldwin Hit Hard". The Daily Inter Ocean. May 1, 1888. p. 2. 
  29. "Baldwin's Sprained Tendon". The Daily Inter Ocean. June 7, 1888. p. 6. 
  30. "1888 Chicago White Stockings". Baseball-Reference. Retrieved January 9, 2016. 
  31. "League Gossip". The Chicago Tribune. July 9, 1888. p. 3. 
  32. "1888 National League Team Statistics and Standings". Baseball-Reference. Retrieved January 9, 2015. 
  33. "Anson and the Released Men". The Daily Inter Ocean. April 25, 1889. p. 2. 
  34. "Mark Baldwin Interviewed". The Daily Inter Ocean. April 26, 1889. p. 3. 
  35. "Baldwin Signed by Columbus: The Ex-Chicago Pitcher Secures a Good Job for $3,500". The Pittsburg Dispatch. May 4, 1889. p. 6. 
  36. ""Uncle Sam" Cooper is in Passavant Hospital". The Gazette Times. January 24, 1913. p. 7. 

External links