Marne River; painted by Paul Cézanne
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|Length||514 km (319 mi)|
|Avg. discharge||100 m3/s (3,500 cu ft/s)|
|Basin area||12,800 km2 (4,900 sq mi)|
The Marne is a river in France, an eastern tributary of the Seine in the area east and southeast of Paris. It is 514 kilometres (319 mi) long. The river gave its name to the départements of Haute-Marne, Marne, Seine-et-Marne, and Val-de-Marne.
The Marne starts in the Langres plateau, runs generally north then bends west between Saint-Dizier and Châlons-en-Champagne, joining the Seine at Charenton just upstream from Paris. In the Champagne région, part of the water is led through the artificial lake Lac du Der-Chantecoq, in order to regulate the water discharge. This way, large inundations or low river levels downstream are prevented.
The Marne is famous as the site of the eponymous two battles during the First World War. The first battle was a turning point of World War I, fought in 1914. The second battle was fought four years later, in 1918.
During the 19th and 20th centuries the Marne inspired many painters, among whom were:
- Camille Corot;
- Paul Cézanne;
- Pierre Emmanuel Damoye;
- Camille Pissarro;
- Henri Rousseau, known as "Le Douanier Rousseau";
- Albert Marquet;
- Raoul Dufy;
- André Dunoyer de Ségonzac;
- Louis Vuillermoz;
- Maurice Boitel;
- Daniel du Janerand.
Départements and main towns crossed
- Haute-Marne (52): Langres, Chaumont, Saint-Dizier;
- Marne (51): Vitry-le-François, Châlons-en-Champagne, Épernay;
- Aisne (02): Château-Thierry;
- Seine-et-Marne (77): Meaux, Lagny-sur-Marne, Saint-Thibault-des-Vignes, Torcy, Noisiel, Chelles;
- Seine-Saint-Denis (93): Neuilly-sur-Marne, Noisy-le-Grand, Gournay-sur-Marne, Neuilly-Plaisance;
- Val-de-Marne (94): Nogent-sur-Marne, Créteil, Charenton-le-Pont, Champigny-sur-Marne, Saint-Maur-des-Fossés, Joinville-le-Pont, Saint-Maurice, Bry-sur-Marne, Le Perreux-sur-Marne.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Marne River.|
- "The Marne at the Sandre database" (in French).CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Apprivoiser la Marne" (in French). Archived from the original on 2006-11-24. Retrieved 2006-06-02.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- River Marne guide Places, ports and moorings on the river.
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