Martin Hotine

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Brigadier Martin Hotine CMG CBE
File:Martin Hotine 600dpi.png
Born (1898-06-17)17 June 1898[1]
Wandsworth, London[2]
Died 12 November 1968(1968-11-12) (aged 70)[1]
Surrey, England
Resting place Municipal Cemetery, Weybridge, Surrey, England
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Nationality British
Education Southend Technical School (now SHSB)[2]
Magdalene College, Cambridge[2]
Known for Founder and first Director General of the Directorate of Overseas Surveys
Spouse(s) Kate Amelia Hotine (1895–1987)

Brigadier Martin Hotine CMG CBE (1898–1968)[3] was the head of the Trigonometrical and Levelling Division of the Ordnance Survey responsible for the 26-year-long retriangulation of Great Britain[4] (1936–1962) and was the first Director General of the Directorate of Overseas Surveys (1946–1985).[5]

He served on the North-West Frontier during the First World War and later in the Persian and Mesopotamian campaigns. He has been described as "decisive, ingenious and tough".[4]

Retriangulation of Great Britain

Hotine was responsible for the design of the triangulation pillars constructed during the Geodetic resurvey of Britain.[4] 6,173 of these were built.[4] They provided a solid base for the theodolites used by the survey teams during the survey, thereby improving the accuracy of the readings obtained.[4] They are sometimes referred to as "Hotine Pillars".

Personal life

Hotine was married to Kate Amelia Hotine (née Pearson)(1895–1987) whose nickname to family and friends was 'Ajax'.[3]

Honours

Publications

  • Hotine, Martin (1931), Surveying from air photographs, Professional Papers of the Air Survey Committee – No. 3, London: His Majesty's Stationery Office, p. 71<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Hotine, Martin (1931), The Fourcade Stereogoniometer, Professional Papers of the Air Survey Committee – No. 7, London: His Majesty's Stationery Office, OCLC 184739773<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Hotine, Martin, Mathematical geodesy<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Edge, R C A (March 1969). "Bulletin Géodésique". Bulletin Géodésique. Springer Berlin / Heidelberg. 91 (1): 8–12. ISSN 0007-4632.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Humphries, G J (March 1969). "Martin Hotine obituary". The Geographical Journal. Royal Geographical Society. 135 (1): 156–157. JSTOR 1795667.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Martin Hotine grave monument details". Gravestone photographic resource. Gravestone Photographic Resource. Retrieved 24 January 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Crane, Nicholas (30 October 2004). "Britain: Master of all he surveys". The Daily Telegraph. London, England: Telegraph Media Group Limited. Retrieved 24 January 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Macdonald, Alastair (1996). Mapping The World (1st ed.). Norwich, England: HMSO. pp. ii. ISBN 0-11-701590-3.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. List of Past Royal Geographical Society Gold Medal Winners