|File:Action of the Tiger.jpg
from the trailer for Action of the Tiger (1957)
|Born||Marie-Louise Jeanne Nicolle Mourer
16 May 1920
Saint-Mandé, Val-de-Marne, Île-de-France, France
|Died||6 February 1967
Monte Carlo, Monaco
|Other names||Marise Arley, Martine Carole, Marie-Louise Maurer|
|Spouse(s)||Stephen Crane (divorced: 1948–53)
Christian-Jaque (divorced: 1954–59)
André Rouveix (divorced: 1959–62)
Mike Eland (widower: 1966–67)
Martine Carol (16 May 1920 – 6 February 1967) was a French film actress.
Born Maryse Mourer (or Marie-Louise Jeanne Nicolle Mourer) in Saint-Mandé, Val-de-Marne, (France), she studied acting under René Simon (1898–1966), making her stage début in 1940 and her first motion picture in 1943. One of the most beautiful women in film, she was frequently cast as an elegant blonde seductress. During the late 1940s and early 1950s she was the leading sex symbol and a top box office draw of French cinema, and was considered a French version of America's Marilyn Monroe. One of her most famous roles was as the title character in Lola Montès (1955), directed by Max Ophüls, in a role which necessitated dark hair. However, by the late-1950s, roles for Carol had become fewer, due to the introduction of newcomer Brigitte Bardot.
Despite her fame and fortune, Martine Carol's personal life was filled with turmoil that included a suicide attempt and drug abuse, and four marriages. She was also kidnapped by gangster Pierre Loutrel (also known as Pierrot le Fou or Crazy Pete), albeit briefly and received roses the next day as an apology.
She died unexpectedly of a heart attack in a Monte Carlo hotel room at the age of forty-six, during the shooting of the film Hell is Empty (1967).
Marriages and interment
Martine Carol was married four times, to:
- Stephen Crane (Joseph Stephen Crane, aka), American actor and restaurant manager, previously Lana Turner's husband. Married in 1948, divorced in 1953.
- Christian-Jaque, film director. Married July 15, 1954, divorced in 1959.
- Dr. André Rouveix, a young doctor she met in Martinique, Fort-de-France. Married August 3, 1959, divorced in 1962.
- Mike Eland, English businessman. Married in 1966, until her death.
She was initially buried in the Père Lachaise Cemetery, Paris. But her grave was violated (some media reported that she had been interred with her jewels). Martine Carol was then buried in the Grand Jas Cemetery (le cimetière "du Grand Jas") of Cannes (square n°3).
- Chapuy, Arnaud (2001). Martine Carol filmée par Christian-Jaque : un phénomène du cinéma populaire. Paris: L'Harmattan.
- Debot, Georges (1979). Martine Carol ou la vie de Martine chérie. Préface de Mary Marquet. Paris: France-Empire.
- Cohen, André-Charles (1986). Martine chérie. Collection photographique de Jean-Charles Sabria. Préface de Cécil Saint-Laurent. Paris: Ramsay.
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