Massacre of the Sixty

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The Massacre of the Sixty, or Black Saturday (Amharic: ጥቁሩ ቅዳሜ?, tikuru kidami), took place on the morning of 23 November 1974 (Ethiopian calendar: 14 Hidar 1967), when 60 imprisoned former government officials were executed by the Derg at Kerchele prison (commonly called Alem Bekagn - "Farewell to the World") in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. It was considered the sudden death of the hopes that Ethiopia's revolution, barely ten weeks old, could remain bloodless, as epitomised by the slogan "Ityopiya tikdem, yala mimin dem” — “Let Ethiopia progress, without any bloodshed”. It presaged the Red Terror and Ethiopian Civil War that would follow.[1]

List of people executed

The 54 below were executed on the orders of Mengistu Haile Mariam.

Executed

  1. Prime Minister Tsehafi Taezaz Aklilu Habte-Wold
  2. Prime Minister Lilj Endalkachew Makonnen
  3. Lt. General Abiye Abebe
  4. H.H. Prince (Leul Ras) Asrate Kassa
  5. Rear Admiral Leul Iskinder Desta
  6. Ras Mesfin Sileshi
  7. Ato Abebe Retta
  8. Ato Akalework Habte-Wold
  9. Lt. Colonel Tamirat Yigezu
  10. Dejazmatch Kifle Irgetu
  11. Lt. General Kebede Gebre
  12. Lt. General Issayas Gebre-Igziabiher
  13. Lt. General Asefa Ayana
  14. Ato Mulatu Debebe
  15. Dr. Tesfaye Gebre Igzi
  16. Dejazmatch Workineh Wolde Amanuel
  17. Lt. General Debebe Haile Mariam
  18. Lt. General Dirasse Dubale
  19. Lt. General Asefa Demisse
  20. Dejazmatch Aemero Selassie Abebe
  21. Dejazmatch Solomon Abreha
  22. Dejazmatch Sahelu Difeye
  23. Dejazmatch Worku Inqu Selassie
  24. Dejazmatch Legese Bezu
  25. Colonel Solomon Kedir
  26. Blata Admasu Retta
  27. Ato Nebiye Leul Kifle
  28. Ato Solomon Gebre Mariam
  29. Ato Tegegn Yetashework
  30. Afe Nigus (Lord Chief Justice) Abeje Debalke
  31. Lt. General Haile Baikedagn
  32. Lt. General Abebe Gemeda
  33. Lt. General Yilma Shibeshi
  34. Lt. General Belete Abebe
  35. Dejazmatch Kebede Ali Wele
  36. Major General Gashaw Kebede
  37. Major General Seyoum Gedle Giorgis
  38. Major General Tafesse Lemma
  39. Lij Hailu Desta
  40. Fitawrari Amde Abera
  41. Fitawrari Tadesse Inqu Selassie
  42. Fitawrari Demisse Alamirew
  43. Kegnyazmatch Yilma Aboye
  44. Brigadier General Wendimu Abebe
  45. Brigadier General Girma Yohannes
  46. Brigadier General Mulugeta Wolde Yohannes
  47. Colonel Yigezu Yimene
  48. Colonel Alem Zewde Tessema
  49. Colonel Tassew Mojo
  50. Major Berhane Mecha
  51. Captain Mola Wakene
  52. Captain Wolde-Yohannes Zergaw
  53. Lieutenant Belai Tsegaye

Killed in shootout

The remaining six were killed in a shootout at the home of General Aman Andom

  1. Lieutenant Demisse Shiferaw
  2. Lance Corporal Bekele Wolde Giorgis
  3. Sub-Corporal Tekle Haile
  4. Lt. General Aman Mikael Andom
  5. Lance Corporal Tesfaye Tekle
  6. Junior Aircraftsman Yohannes Fetoui

References

  1. "1974: Black Saturday in Ethiopia". Executed Today. Retrieved 3 October 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>