27 April 1874|
|Died||14 December 1945
|Alma mater||Trinity College, Cambridge|
Maurice Baring OBE (27 April 1874 – 14 December 1945) was an English man of letters, known as a dramatist, poet, novelist, translator and essayist, and also as a travel writer and war correspondent. During World War I, Baring served in the Intelligence Corps and Royal Air Force.
Baring was the eighth child, and fifth son, of Edward Charles Baring, first Baron Revelstoke, of the Baring banking family, and his wife Louisa Emily Charlotte Bulteel, granddaughter of the second Earl Grey. Born in Mayfair, he was educated at Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge. After an abortive start of a diplomatic career, he travelled widely, particularly in Russia. He reported as an eye-witness of the Russo-Japanese War for the London Morning Post.
At the start of World War I he joined the Royal Flying Corps, where he served as assistant to David Henderson and Hugh Trenchard in France. In 1918, Baring served as a staff officer in the Royal Air Force and was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire in the 1918 Birthday Honours. In 1925 Baring received an honorary commission as a wing commander in the Reserve of Air Force Officers. After his death, Trenchard wrote, "He was the most unselfish man I have ever met or am likely to meet. The Flying Corps owed to this man much more than they know or think."
After the war he enjoyed a period of success as a dramatist, and began to write novels. He suffered from chronic illness during the last years of his life; for the final 15 years of his life he was debilitated by Parkinson's Disease.
He was widely known socially, to some of the Cambridge Apostles, to The Coterie, and to the literary group associating with G. K. Chesterton and Hilaire Belloc in particular. He was staunch in his anti-intellectualism with respect to the arts, and a convinced practical joker.
Previously an agnostic, he converted to Roman Catholicism in 1909, "the only action in my life which I am quite certain I have never regretted." Speaking from personal experience, however, he once advised Belloc to "never, never, never talk theology or discuss the Church with those outside it. People simply do not understand what you are talking about and they merely (a) get angry and (b) come to the conclusion that one doesn't believe in the thing oneself and that one is simply doing it to annoy."
Baring is remembered in verse in Belloc's Cautionary Verses:
Like many of the upper class
He liked the sound of broken glass*
* A line I stole with subtle daring
From Wing-Commander Maurice Baring
He once gave Virginia Woolf a copy of his book C. She was not impressed, writing in her diary:
Second-rate art i.e. C., by Maurice Baring. Within it limits, it is not second rate, or there is nothing markedly so, at first go off. The limits are the proof of its non-existence. He can only do one thing; himself to wit; charming, clean, modest, sensitive Englishman. Outside that radius and it does not carry far nor illumine much, all is—as it should be—light, sure, proportioned, affecting even; told in so well bred a manner that nothing is exaggerated, all related, proportioned. I could read this for ever, I said. L. said one would soon be sick to death of it.
The character, Horne Fisher, the protagonist of The Man Who Knew Too Much (book), a collection of detective stories by G.K. Chesterton, "is generally thought to be based on Chesterton’s good friend, Maurice Baring." Although, while "Fisher fits Baring’s physical description, he is a respected member of the upper class, and he seems to know everybody and everything," the similarity ends there, Chesterton scholar, Dale Ahlquist notes: "By all accounts, the real Baring was a charming, affable gentleman who knew how to laugh and had no fear of making a fool of himself," while "Horne Fisher is distinctly lacking in both the charm and humor departments."
- The Black Prince and Other Poems (1903)
- With the Russians in Manchuria. (1905) London: Methuen. OCLC 811786
- Forget-me-Not and Lily of the Valley (1905) Humphreys
- Sonnets and Short Poems (1906)
- Thoughts on Art and Life (1906)
- Russian Essays and Stories. (1908) London: Methuen.
- Orpheus in Mayfair and Other Stories (1909) short stories
- Dead Letters (1910) satirical collection
- The Glass Mender and Other Stories (1910)
- The Russian People (1911)
- Letters from the Near East (1913)
- ''Lost Diaries (1913) fictional extracts from diaries of notable people
- The Mainsprings of Russia (1914)
- Round the World in any Number of Days (1919)
- Flying Corps Headquarters 1914-1918 (1920)
- Passing By (1921) novel
- The Puppet Show of Memory (1922) autobiography
- Overlooked (1922) short story
- Poems 1914-1919 (1923)
- C (1924) novel
- Punch and Judy and Other Essays (1924)
- Half a Minute's Silence and Other Stories (1925)
- Cat's Cradle (1925) novel
- Daphne Adeane (1926) novel
- Tinker's Leave (1927) novel
- Comfortless Memory (1928) novel
- The Coat Without Seam (1929) novel
- Robert Peckham (1930) historical novel
- In My End is My Beginning (1931) biographical novel about Mary Stuart
- Friday's Business (1932) novel
- Lost Lectures (1932) imaginary lectures
- The Lonely Lady of Dulwich (1934) novella
- Darby and Joan (1935) novel
- Have You Anything to Declare? (1936) collection of notes and quotes
- Collected Poems (1937) poetry
- Maurice Baring: A Postscript by Laura Lovat with Some Letters and Verse (1947)
- Maurice Baring Restored: Selections from His Work (1970) chosen and edited by Paul Horgan
- Dear Animated Bust: Letters to Lady Juliet Duff, France 1915-1918 (1981)
- Letters (2007) selected and edited by Jocelyn Hillgarth and Julian Jeffs
- Baring also edited The Oxford Book Of Russian Verse published by Clarendon (1924)
- Maurice Baring Archived 9 July 2012 at archive.today
- "Baring, the Hon. Maurice (BRN893M)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Mosley, Charles (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage (Vol. 3), p. 3324;
Lundy, Darryl (7 May 2011). "Major Hon. Maurice Baring". The Peerage. Ngaio, Wellington: Lundy Consulting Ltd.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
Baring, Maurice (1906). With the Russians in Manchuria, p. vi.
- Read, Piers Paul (2007). "What's become of Baring?", The Spectator, 10 October 2007. Reprinted in Chesterton Review, Spring-Summer 2008, pp. 309-311.
- Pearce, Joseph. "Maurice Baring, In the Shadow of the Chesterbelloc," CatholiCity, 24 July 2010.
- Baring, Maurice (1910). Letter dated 3 May 1910
- Baring, Maurice (1922). The Puppet Show of Memory, pp. 395-396.
- Ahlquist, Dale. "Lecture 39: The Man Who Knew Too Much". Chesterton.org. The American Chesterton Society. Retrieved 15 June 2018.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Review of Letters from the Near East by Maurice Baring". The Athenaeum (No. 4458): 374–375. 5 April 1913.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Bleiler, Everett Franklin (1948). The Checklist of Fantastic Literature. Chicago: Shasta Publishers. OCLC 1113926; re-published in 1972, The Checklist of Fantastic Literature: A Bibliography of Fantasy, Weird and Science Fiction Books Published in the English Language. Naperville, Illinois: FAX Collectors Editions. OCLC 1438931
- Horgan, Paul (1970). Maurice Baring Restored: Selections from His Work. London: Heinemann. ISBN 978-0-434-34790-2; OCLC 113239
- Las Vergnas, Raymond (1938). Chesterton, Belloc, Baring, New York, Sheed & Ward.
- Letley, Emma (1991). Maurice Baring: A Citizen of Europe. London: Constable. ISBN 978-0-09-469870-3; OCLC 27147821
- Martindale, C.C. (1946). "Maurice Baring," The Catholic World, Vol. 163, No. 3, pp. 496–500.
- Pares, Bernard (November 1946). "Obituaries: Hon. Maurice Baring". The Slavonic and East European Review. 25 (64).<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Reilly, Joseph J. (1938). "The Significance of Maurice Baring, Poet" America, Vol. 58, No. 17, pp. 403–04.
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- Works by Maurice Baring at Project Gutenberg
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- Works by Maurice Baring at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
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- Catholic Authors Biography by Joseph Pearce
- Portraits of Maurice Baring in the National Portrait Gallery (London).
- Biography by Joseph Pearce Translated to Spanish at the Wayback Machine (archived 9 May 2007)
- Guide to Maurice Baring's works at Houghton Library, Harvard University
- "Archival material relating to Maurice Baring". UK National Archives.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Maurice Baring Papers at John J. Burns Library, Boston College
- Maurice Baring at Library of Congress Authorities, with 116 catalogue records