Mayak (rocket family)

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
(Redirected from Mayak (rocket))
Jump to: navigation, search

Mayak is a new family of Ukrainian launch vehicles under development by the Yuzhnoye Design Office,[1][2] which would be manufactured by Yuzhmash. Due to the ongoing political and economic crisis in Ukraine, as of May 2016 the feasibility and timetable of the project are unknown.

The family is built in a modular fashion on the basis of a single line of main engines with thrust of roughly 120 to 200 tonnes-force (1,200 to 2,000 kN) for the first stage (RD-801, RD-810) and 10 tonnes-force (98 kN) for the upper stage (RD-809K derived from RD-8). Engines, control systems and ground equipment are largely derived from components of existing rocket families Zenit and Tsyklon.

The Mayak family is designed to cover small-lift, medium-lift and heavy-lift requirements. Published parameters of various configurations are:[2]

Version Mayak-L1 Mayak-L2 Mayak-M1 Mayak-M2 Mayak-H3 Mayak-H5
Length (m) 27.3 36.9 47.4 61.0 63.0 64.0
Diameter (m) 2.7 3.0 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9
Launch mass (t) 95 165 370 495 / 515 1218 / 1236 2010 / 2015
Number of stages 2 2 2 2 / 3 2 / 3 2 / 3
Stage 1 engines 1 × RD-801 2 × RD-801 2 × RD-810 4 × RD-810 12 × RD-810 20 × RD-810
Stage 2 engines 1 × RD-809K 2 × RD-809K 4 × RD-809K 1 × RD-801B 1 × RD-801B 1 × RD-801B
Optional stage 3 booster N/A RD-809K RD-809K RD-809K
Propellants LOX / kerosene
Payload to LEO (kg) 1,500 3,000 8,200 15,100 / – 45,500 / – 70,100 / –
Payload to GTO (kg) 2,400 – / 6,500 16,000 / 19,000 25,000 / 30,200

References

  1. "Mayak". State Space Agency of Ukraine. Retrieved 7 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Launch vehicles / Missiles / Mayak". Yuzhnoye Design Office. Retrieved May 25, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>