Mayor of New York City
|Mayor of the City of New York|
Flag of the Mayor
|Term length||Four years; may serve two consecutive terms|
|Inaugural holder||Thomas Willett|
|Succession||New York City Public Advocate|
The Mayor of the City of New York is head of the executive branch of New York City's government. The mayor's office administers all city services, public property, police and fire protection, most public agencies, and enforces all city and state laws within New York City.
The budget overseen by the mayor's office is the largest municipal budget in the United States at $70 billion a year. The city employs 325,000 people, spends about $21 billion to educate more than 1.1 million students (the largest public school system in the United States), levies $27 billion in taxes, and receives $14 billion from the state and federal governments.
The mayor's office is located in New York City Hall; it has jurisdiction over all five boroughs of New York City: Manhattan, Brooklyn, the Bronx, Staten Island and Queens. The mayor appoints a large number of officials, including commissioners who head city departments, and his deputy mayors. The mayor's regulations are compiled in title 43 of the New York City Rules. According to current law, the mayor is limited to two consecutive four-year terms in office. It was changed from two to three terms on October 23, 2008, when the New York City Council voted 29–22 in favor of passing the term limit extension into law. However, in 2010, a referendum reverting the limit to two terms passed overwhelmingly.
History of the office
In 1665, Governor Richard Nicolls appointed Thomas Willett as the first mayor of New York. For 156 years, the mayor was appointed and had limited power. Between 1783 and 1821 the mayor was appointed by the Council of Appointments in which the state's governor had the loudest voice. In 1821 the Common Council, which included elected members, gained the authority to choose the mayor. An amendment to the New York State Constitution in 1834 provided for the direct popular election of the mayor. Cornelius W. Lawrence, a Democrat, was elected that year.
The mayor is entitled to a salary of $225,000, but early 21st century mayor Michael Bloomberg, the 16th-richest man in the world, declined the salary and instead was paid $1 yearly. Bloomberg had an estimated net worth of $33 billion as of 2014.
In 2000 direct control of the city's public school system was transferred to the mayor's office. In 2003 the reorganization established the New York City Department of Education.
Tammany Hall, which evolved from an organization of craftsmen into a Democratic political machine, gained control of Democratic Party nominations in the state and city in 1861. It played a major role in New York City politics into the 1960s and was a dominant player from the mayoral victory of Fernando Wood in 1854 through the era of Robert Wagner (1954–65).
The mayor of New York City may appoint several deputy mayors to help oversee major offices within the executive branch of the city government. The powers and duties, and even the number of deputy mayors, are not defined by the City Charter. The post was created by Fiorello La Guardia (who appointed Grover Whalen as deputy mayor) to handle ceremonial events that the mayor was too busy to attend. Since then, deputy mayors have been appointed with their areas of responsibility defined by the appointing mayor. There are currently four deputy mayors, all of whom report directly to the mayor. Deputy mayors do not have any right to succeed to the mayoralty in the case of vacancy or incapacity of the mayor (the order of succession is the city's public advocate, then the comptroller).
The current deputy mayors are
- First deputy mayor: Anthony Shorris
- Advises the mayor on citywide administrative, operational and policy matters.
- Deputy mayor for housing and economic development: Alicia Glen
- Oversees and coordinates the operations of the Economic Development Corporation, the Department of Transportation, the Department of Buildings, the Department of City Planning, Department of Housing Preservation and Development, New York City Housing Development Corporation and related agencies.
- Deputy mayor for health and human services: Lilliam Barrios-Paoli
- Oversees and coordinates the operations of the Human Resources Administration, Department of Homeless Services, Department for the Aging, the Administration for Children's Services, Department of Youth and Community Development, and related agencies.
- Deputy mayor for strategic policy initiatives: Richard Buery
- Tasked with implementing and overseeing universal prekindergarten and the interagency "Children's Cabinet."
Notable former deputy mayors
- Daniel L. Doctoroff, Stephen Goldsmith 2010–11, Patricia Harris 2002–13, Robert K. Steel, Dennis M. Walcott, Howard Wolfson—under Michael Bloomberg
- Joe Lhota—under Rudolph Giuliani
- William Lynch 1990s—under David Dinkins
- Herman Badillo 1977–79—under Ed Koch
- Robert W. Sweet 1966–69
"The mayor has the power to appoint and remove the commissioners of more than 40 city agencies and members of City boards and commissions."
- New York City Police Commissioner
- New York City Fire Commissioner
- New York City Criminal Court judges
- New York City Schools Chancellor (as of 2002)
- New York City Housing Development Corporation
- New York City Commissioner of Health
- American Museum of Natural History
- Brooklyn Academy of Music
- Brooklyn Botanic Garden
- Brooklyn Children's Museum
- Brooklyn Museum of Art
- Brooklyn Public Library
- Carnegie Hall
- El Museo del Barrio
- Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
- Metropolitan Museum of Art
- Museum of Jewish Heritage
- Museum of the City of New York
- New York Botanical Garden
- New York Hall of Science
- New York Public Library
- New York Shakespeare Festival
- Public Design Commission
- Queens Borough Public Library
- Queens Botanical Garden
- Queens Museum of Art
- Snug Harbor Cultural Center
- Staten Island Botanical Garden
- Staten Island Children's Museum
- Staten Island Historical Society
- Staten Island Institute of Arts and Sciences
- Staten Island Zoo
- Wave Hill
- Wildlife Conservation Society
- National September 11 Memorial & Museum
In popular culture
The New York City mayoralty has played a central role in several films and television series. Spin City (1996–2002), set in City Hall, it cast Barry Bostwick as the dim-witted mayor, but starred Michael J. Fox as a deputy mayor whose primary task was to keep the mayor from embarrassing himself in front of the media and voters. City Hall (1996) starred Al Pacino as an idealistic mayor and John Cusack as his deputy mayor, who leads an investigation with unexpectedly far-reaching consequences into the accidental shooting of a boy in New York. The Taking of Pelham One Two Three (1974) features Lee Wallace as an indecisive, flu-struck mayor who is bullied by his deputy and booed by the citizenry. The comic book series Ex Machina posits an alternate history in which the 2001 election is won by the independent Mitchell Hundred, a former superhero called the Great Machine, who sweeps to victory after saving the second tower of the World Trade Center on September 11. A fictional mayor is also featured in the 2003 Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles animated series.
Local tabloid newspapers often refer to the mayor as "Hizzoner," a corruption of the title His Honor. Several mayors have appeared in television and movies, as well as on Broadway—most notably in The Will Rogers Follies. In the 1980s and '90s, Mayors Ed Koch and Rudy Giuliani had appeared on Saturday Night Live on several occasions, sometimes mocking themselves in sketches. Giuliani and Bloomberg have both appeared, as themselves in their mayoral capacities, on episodes of Law & Order. Giuliani also appeared as himself in an episode of Seinfeld. Giuliani has made cameos in films such as The Out-of-Towners and Anger Management. Bloomberg has appeared on 30 Rock and Curb Your Enthusiasm.
- List of mayors of New York City
- New York City mayoral elections (since 1897)
- Government of New York City
- History of New York City
- New York City Council
- New York City Public Advocate
- New York City Comptroller
- New York City Board of Estimate (1897–1990)
- Borough president
- New York City Civil Court
- New York City Criminal Court
- New York City: the 51st State
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