McAvoy Brewing Company
|File:McAvoy Brewing Company.jpg|
|Founded||Chicago, Illinois, U.S. (1865)|
|Founder||Henry V. Bemis
John H. McAvoy
|Headquarters||23rd South Park Way, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.|
|John H. McAvoy|
McAvoy Brewing Company (founded in 1865 as Bemis & Rindge Brewery by Henry V. Bemis) was run by John H. McAvoy in Chicago, Illinois and was one of Chicago's largest breweries before Prohibition. Coinciding with the Eighteenth Amendment going into effect on January 16, 1920, the brewery closed in 1920.
In 1865, the brewery began in a three-story brick building close to the corner of South Park Avenue and 23rd Street along Lake Michigan. In the early 1870s, a malt house was constructed next to the original building, along with 4 ice houses on the western side of the avenue in 1872, 1874, 1875, and 1876. In 1878 and 1879, two more ice houses were constructed on the east side of South Park Avenue. A substantial brick barn was built in 1878 and and office building was built in 1879.
In 1901, the company employed over one hundred men and the chief brewer was Fritz Hieronimus. Hieronimus learned the trade in Germany at Erankfort-on-the-Main, a well known school for brewers at the time. In 1890, Hieronimus was elected as an honorary members of the United States Brewmasters' Association. Until 1882, the officers of the company were:
- Austin J. Doyle, President
- Adam Ortseifen, Vice President
- H. T. Bellamy, Secretary and Treasurer
From 1882 until 1920, John H. McAvoy was president of the company. McAvoy was the brother-in-law of Peter Leyendecker, who came from Germany in 1882 with his family to work with McAvoy. Leyendecker was the father of American illustrators J.C. Leyendecker and Frank X. Leyendecker. In 1889, the McAvoy Brewery, along with the Wacker & Birk Brewery were sold to an English Syndicate, the Chicago Breweries Limited. After joining the syndicate, McAvoy continued to use the same name and management. McAvoy was instrumental and securing funding to return John Brown's Fort back to West Virginia after it had been brought to Chicago in 1892 for display at the World's Columbian Exposition. In 1893, in-house bottling was installed and McAvoy was among the largest breweries in Chicago.
As the Prohibition movement began, the cultural landscape changed and the business began a downturn. In 1920, the Brewery closed, which coincided with the Eighteenth Amendment going into effect on January 16, 1920.
- 1862-64, Bemis & Rindge Brewery
- 1864-69, Downer, Bemis & Co.
- 1869-82, Downer & Bemis Brewing Co.
- 1882-87, Bemis & McAvoy Brewing Co.
- 1887-1920, McAvoy Brewing Co.
- West Virginia History Journal Volume 19, Number 2 (January 1958), pp. 93
- "His Labors Ended - John H. McAvoy passes the portals of eternity", Chicago Tribune July 25th, 1893
- "100 Years of Brewing, Western Brewer, August, 1901". chicagology.com. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
- "District Philadelphia History Nov. 15, 1890 Western Brewer". mbaa.com. Master Brewers Association of Americas. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
- Kelley, John (February 8, 1924). "AUSTIN J. DOYLE, FORMER CHIEF OF POLICE DIES". The Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
- New York Times Staff (July 26, 1951). "J.C. LEYENDECKER, NOTED ARTIST, 77". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
- Skilnik, Bob. Beer - A History of Brewing in Chicago. Barricade Books, 2006, p. 56.