McLaren P1

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McLaren P1
P1-3.png
Overview
Manufacturer McLaren Automotive
Production October 2013–10 December 2015 (375 units)
Model years 2014–2016
Assembly Woking, Surrey, England
Body and chassis
Class Sports car
Body style 2-door coupé
Layout RMR layout
Related McLaren 12C
McLaren 650S
Powertrain
Engine 3.8L twin-turbo M838TQ V8
Electric motor McLaren electric ECU motor
(904 bhp combined)
Transmission 7-speed dual-clutch
Range 480 km (300 mi) (EPA)[1]
Electric range 10 km (6.2 mi) (combined NEDC)[2]
31 km (19 mi) (EPA)[1]
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,680 mm (106 in)
Length 4,588 mm (181 in)
Width 1,946 mm (77 in)
Height 1,188 mm (47 in)
Kerb weight 1,547 kg (3,411 lb)[3]
Chronology
Predecessor McLaren F1

The McLaren P1 is a limited production plug-in hybrid Sports car by British car manufacturer McLaren Automotive. The so called Hypercar and concept car was capable of reaching speeds of 218 mph (351 km/h) with the limiter on, and up to 249 mph (401 km/h) without it. Debuted at the 2012 Paris Motor Show all 375 models were soon snatched up.[4] Deliveries to retail customers began in the UK in October 2013.[5] The entire P1 production of 375 units was sold out by November 2013.[6] The production run ended in December 2015.[7] The United States accounted for 34% of the limited production run, and Europe for 26%.[7]

It is considered to be the long-awaited successor to the McLaren F1, utilizing hybrid power and Formula 1 technology, but does not have the same three seat layout as its predecessor. Like the McLaren F1 road car of 1992, the McLaren P1 is a mid-engine, rear-wheel drive design that uses a carbon fibre monocoque and roof structure safety cage concept called MonoCage, which is a development of the MonoCell first used in the McLaren MP4-12C and then in subsequent evolutionary models. Its main hyper-fast competitors are the LaFerrari and the Porsche 918. They are all similar in specifications and performance, and in a race round Silverstone circuit they were all within a second of each other, the P1 finishing first at a time of 58.24 sec and the LaFerrari finishing slightly slower at 58:58 and the Porsche in between them with 58:46.[8]

A track-only version of the P1, the McLaren P1 GTR, was unveiled at the 2015 Geneva Motor Show. Production of the GTR was limited to approximately 35 units and only original McLaren P1 owners will be invited to buy one.[9]

Specifications

The P1 features a 3.8-litre twin-turbocharged V8 petrol engine that is only similar to the mj 200 engine in its displacement.[10] The twin turbos boost the petrol engine at 2.4 bar to deliver 727 bhp (737 PS; 542 kW) and 531 lb·ft (720 N·m) of torque at 7500 rpm, combined with an in-house developed electric motor producing 177 bhp (179 PS; 132 kW) and 192 lb·ft (260 N·m). With both engine and the electric motor, the P1 will have a total power and torque output of 904 bhp (917 PS; 674 kW) and 723 lb·ft (980 N·m) of torque respectively. The electric motor can be deployed manually by the driver or left in automatic mode, whereby the car's ECUs 'torque fill' the gaps in the petrol engine's output, which is considered turbo lag. This gives the powertrain an effective powerband of almost 7000rpm.[11] The car is rear-wheel drive with a seven-speed dual-clutch transmission by Graziano.

Power for the electric motor is stored in a 324-cell lithium-ion high density battery pack located behind the cabin, developed by Johnson Matthey Battery Systems. The battery can be charged by the engine or through a plug-in equipment and can be fully charged in two hours. The car can be operated using either the petrol engine, the electric motor or with a combination of the two. The P1 has an all-electric range of at least 10 km (6.2 mi) on the combined European drive cycle.[12] Under the EPA cycle, the range in EV mode is 19 mi (31 km). During EV mode the P1 has a gasoline consumption of 4.8 gallons per 100 mi, and as a result, EPA's all-electric range is rated as zero. The total range is 330 mi (530 km).[1] The P1 combined fuel economy in EV mode was rated by the EPA at 18 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (MPG-equivalent) (13 L gasoline equivalent/100 km; 22 mpg-imp gasoline equivalent), with an energy consumption of 25 kW-hrs/100 mi and gasoline consumption of 4.8 gal-US/100 mi. The combined fuel economy when running only with gasoline is 17 mpg-US (14 L/100 km; 20 mpg-imp), 16 mpg-US (15 L/100 km; 19 mpg-imp) for city driving, and 20 mpg-US (12 L/100 km; 24 mpg-imp) in highway.[1][13]

The P1 comes with Formula 1 derived features such as the Instant Power Assist System (IPAS), which will give an instant boost in acceleration via the electric motor, a Drag Reduction System (DRS) which operates the car's rear wing, thereby increasing straight line speed, and a KERS. Both of these features (IPAS, DRS) are operated via two buttons on the steering wheel.

The P1 will accelerate from 0–62 mph (0–100 km/h) in 2.8 seconds, 0–200 km/h (0–124 mph) in 6.8 seconds, and 0–299 km/h (0–186 mph) in 16.5 seconds, making it a full 5.5 seconds faster than the McLaren F1.[14] It completes a standing quarter mile in 9.75 seconds at 246 km/h (153 mph). The Mclaren P1 is electronically limited to a top speed of 218 mph (351 km/h), but could reach a 401 km/h (249 mph) without this limiter. The P1 has a dry weight of 1,395 kg (3,075 lb), giving it a power-to-weight ratio of 647 bhp/tonne. It has a kerb weight of 1,547 kg (3,411 lb)[15] which translates to of 593 bhp/ tonne. Actual kerb weight (full tank of gas, no luggage or people) of US-spec vehicles is 3411 lb. The P1 also features bespoke Pirelli P-Zero Corsa tyres and specially developed carbon-ceramic brakes from Akebono.[16] It takes 6.2 seconds to brake from 190 mph (300 km/h) to standstill, during which it will cover 246 metres. From 97 km/h (60 mph), it will cover 30.2 metres.[2]

Production and sales

Production McLaren P1 at Newport Beach, California.

The production version of the McLaren P1 was unveiled at the 2013 Geneva Motor Show.[17] Production was strictly limited to 375 units which, according to McLaren, is to maintain exclusivity. Pricing started at GB£866,000 (€1,030,000 or US$1,350,000)[18] but, as of November 2013, about 75% of P1 customers have opted for some level of unique design from McLaren Special Operations, raising the average sale price of a P1 above GB£1 million (€1.2 million or US$1.6 million).[6]

In August 2013 McLaren announced that the production allocation destined to the Americas, Asia-Pacific and the Middle East was sold out.[19] The cars destined for Europe were sold out by mid November 2013.[6] The United States accounted for 34% of the limited production run, and Europe for 26%.[7]

After some delays, production began in October 2013.[20] Hand-assembled by a select team of 61 engineers, at a production rate of 1 car per day McLaren expected to build 50 P1s by the end of 2013.[21] The first delivery to a retail customer took place at the company's headquarters in Woking, England, in October 2013,[5] with 12 units manufactured by mid November 2013.[6] The first P1 delivery in the U.S. occurred in May 2014.[22] The production run ended in December 2015.[7]

According to JATO Dynamics, only 20 units have been registered worldwide during the first nine months of 2014.[23] A total of 12 P1s were registered in Switzerland during 2014,[24] and an additional 5 units between January and August 2015.[25] About 59 units were delivered in the U.S. in 2014,[26] and sales in the American market totaled about 127 units delivered through December 2015.[7]

Variants

P1 GTR

The production version of the McLaren P1 GTR was unveiled at the 2015 Geneva Motor Show.

Celebrating 20 years since their victory in the 1995 24 Hours of Le Mans, McLaren announced that they would resurrect the GTR name by launching a track-only version of the P1, the McLaren P1 GTR.

The GTR will be made available to the 375 McLaren P1 owners only, and will be a very limited edition of 35 units.[9] The concept car made its debut at the 2014 Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance in August 2014. The P1 GTR production model was officially unveiled at the 2015 Geneva Motor Show. The GTR variant is priced at GB£1.9 million.[9] This price includes a worldwide owners trackday series; later GTRs were offered for less money, approximately $1.7 million, for those P1 owners who had no interest in the track series but still wanted to purchase the GTR variant.

McLaren states that this will be the most powerful McLaren to date, with an intended power output of 987 bhp (1,000 PS, 735 kW). The car will also feature slick tyres, and is claimed to have greater levels of performance, grip, aerodynamics and downforce in comparison to the road car. Featuring a new fixed ride height on race-prepared suspension, a fixed rear wing capable of using DRS, and a new exclusively designed exhaust, McLaren aims to deliver the ultimate track experience.[27][28]

This limited edition will go into production in 2015, after all 375 standard McLaren P1's have been built, as homage to its race-winning ancestor, the iconic F1 GTR, and will be built, maintained and run by McLaren Special Operations.[29]

The McLaren P1 GTR hybrid engine aims at producing 1,000PS (987 bhp); 84 bhp over the current model, although McLaren did not disclose whether the power increase is from electrical boost or tuning the twin turbo 3.8-litre V8. Performance figures are unconfirmed.[30] P1 GTR weight was reduced by 50 kg and deliver power-to-weight ratio of 687 bhp per tonne.[31]

Media

McLaren announced a sub-seven minute lap of the Nürburgring Nordschleife, which equates to an average speed in excess of 179 km/h (111 mph), but did not publish the exact time.[32][33] The P1 currently holds the production car lap record at Circuit of the Americas,[34] Algarve International Circuit,[35] Anglesey Coastal Circuit[36] and Silverstone National Circuit.[37][38]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 U. S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (12 September 2014). "Compare Side-by-Side - 2014 McLaren Automotive P1". Fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 12 September 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 "2014 McLaren P1". TopSpeed. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. http://www.motortrend.com/roadtests/exotic/1503_2015_mclaren_p1_vs_2015_porsche_918_spyder/specs.html
  4. Undercoffler, David (18 September 2012). "McLaren's wild P1 supercar breaks cover". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 19 September 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 Joseph, Noah (21 October 2013). "McLaren P1 hits 60 mph in 2.6 seconds, 186 in 16.5". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 21 October 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Mark Tisshaw (13 November 2013). "McLaren P1 sold out". Autocar. Retrieved 23 November 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 Moss, Darren (10 December 2015). "McLaren P1 production comes to an end". Autocar UK. Retrieved 25 January 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=sG13CTDMCXI
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 James Batchelor (3 March 2015). "Production McLaren P1 GTR revealed in Geneva". Auto Express. Retrieved 14 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. [1] McLaren's Chris Goodwin explains the P1 Drivetrain
  11. "Chris Harris Explains Torque Fill". YouTube. Retrieved 5 October 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. Tom Burkart (21 October 2013). "2014 McLaren P1". TopSpeed. Retrieved 28 October 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. United States Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (10 September 2014). "Model Year 2014 Fuel Economy Guide - Electric vehicles & Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (updated September 2014)" (PDF). fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 12 September 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> pp. 35
  14. "Autoblog Directory". Autoblog. Retrieved 5 October 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. Steve Sutcliffe (7 May 2014). "McLaren P1 Review". Autocar. Retrieved 7 May 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. Lisa (26 February 2013). "ALL about the new McLaren P1, debuting at Geneva this March". The Car Addict Autoblog. Retrieved 26 February 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "Geneva Motor Show: McLaren P1 unveiled". Motoring. 27 February 2013. Retrieved 9 September 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. Barari, Arman (ed.). "McLaren P1: Official Specs and Details". Motorward. Retrieved 26 February 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. Mark Tisshaw (30 August 2013). "McLaren P1 "virtually sold out"". Autocar. Retrieved 9 September 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. Eric Loveday (16 October 2013). "McLaren P1 Officially Enters Production". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 16 October 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. Eric Loveday (6 May 2013). "McLaren Quickly Sells Two-Thirds of Total Production Run of P1 Plug-In Hybrid". Inside EVs. Retrieved 6 May 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. Jay Cole (13 May 2014). "Jay Leno Gets First McLaren P1, Drives The Heck Out Of It On Normal Roads – video". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 30 May 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. Bertel Schmitt (3 December 2014). "While EV sales rise, JATO counts 4,000 fewer Model S than Tesla". Daily Kanban. Retrieved 6 December 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  24. Vereinigung Schweizer Automobil-Importeure. "Autoverkäufe nach Modellen - Modellstatistik" (in German). Auto Schweiz Suisse. Retrieved 12 October 2015. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> Under "Modellstatistiken 2009–2014" download the xls file "ModellePW2014.
  25. Vereinigung Schweizer Automobil-Importeure. "Autoverkäufe nach Modellen - Modellstatistik" (in German). Auto Schweiz Suisse. Retrieved 12 October 2015. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> Under "Modellstatistik Januar - August 2015" download the xls file "ModellePW2015.
  26. Michael Sheetz (10 October 2015). "So how much would buying a Tesla really cost you?". CNBC. Retrieved 12 October 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> In the bar graph "EV/PHEV 2014 Registrations in U.S." select the McLaren P1 to read 2014 sales.
  27. "First look track-focused McLaren P1 GTR interior". Fit4Talent. Retrieved 23 October 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  28. "McLaren P1 GTR". cars.mclaren.com. 26 August 2014. Retrieved 26 August 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  29. "McLaren to launch exclusive ultimate track focused McLaren P1 GTR". media.mclarenautomotive.com. 1 July 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  30. http://www.topgear.com/uk/car-news/Here-comes-the-986bhp-McLaren-P1-GTR-2014-07-25
  31. "Production McLaren P1 GTR revealed with iconic livery". Autoexpress UK. Retrieved 22 February 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  32. "McLaren confirms P1 Nurburgring lap time".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  33. http://www.driving.co.uk/news/mclaren/news-mclaren-confirms-sub-7-minute-nurburgring-p1-lap-releases-sensational-video/16778
  34. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=idV6zMiWUIU
  35. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q3YPTkBRaOk
  36. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IiyyO7vrdiI
  37. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sG13CTDMCXI
  38. http://fastestlaps.com/models/mclaren-p1

External links

Video