Member states of the Eurasian Economic Union

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Member states of the Eurasian Economic Union
Category Sovereign states
Location Eurasian Economic Union
Created 2015
Number 5 (as of 2015)
Possible types Republics (5)
Populations 182,519,270
Areas 20,260,431 km²
Government Presidential republic (2)
Semi-presidential republic (1)
Federal semi-presidential constitutional republic (1)
Unitary parliamentary republic (1)

The Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) comprises 5 member states, which are party to the founding treaties of the union and thereby subject to the privileges and obligations of membership. The constituent states of the EEU are placed under binding laws and have equal representation within the union's executive and judicial bodies. They do however retain considerable autonomy, and must be unanimous for the union to adopt policies or new member states. Consensus is a founding principle of the union.[1][2][3][4][5]

In 2000 six states created the EEU's predecessor, the Eurasian Economic Community. In 2010 three core states (Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan) pursued integration and founded the Eurasian Customs Union and the Single Economic Space. The three states are the founding members of the Eurasian Economic Union. The remaining states have acceded in subsequent enlargements. On 9 October 2014 Armenia signed the treaty and became the newest member state of the EEU on accession on 2 January 2015.[6] Kyrgyzstan signed an accession treaty on 23 December 2014, which came into on August 6 2015.[7][8][9]

In order to accede, a state must fulfill the economic and political requirements. Enlargement of the Union is also subject to the consent of all existing members and the candidate's adoption of the existing body of EEU law and implementing previous decisions made by the Eurasian Commission, which become part of the union's regulatory framework.

List

Members

Prospective members

Representation

Each state has representation in the institutions of the Eurasian Economic Union. Full membership gives the government of a member state one seat in the Supreme Council of the Eurasian Economic Union and the Eurasian Intergovernmental Council. All major decisions are taken by consensus, although decisions taken by the Eurasian Commission require a qualified majority vote. Votes in the commission are weighted so that every country has 3 votes. The Presidency of the Supreme Council of the Eurasian Economic Union rotates between each of the member states, allowing each state one year to help direct the agenda of the EEU.[3][4]

The national governments appoint 3 members each to the Eurasian Commission (in accord with all the heads of state of the EEU), 2 members each to the Eurasian Court (in accord with other members) and the Eurasian Development Bank. Representation is therefore designed to prevent larger states from carrying more weight in negotiations.[3][4]

Ratification status of treaties

Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union

Signatory Date Institution In favour Against AB Deposited Reference
Belarus Belarus 9 Oct 2014 Council of the Republic 64 0 0 1 Jan 2015 [14]
9 Oct 2014 House of Representatives Approved [15]
9 Oct 2014 Presidential Assent Granted [16]
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 9 Oct 2014 Senate Approved [17]
1 Oct 2014 Majilis 101 0 3 [18]
14 Oct 2014 Presidential Assent Granted [19]
Russia Russia 1 Oct 2014 Federation Council 140 0 0 [20]
26 Sep 2014 State Duma 441 0 1 [21]
3 Oct 2014 Presidential Assent Granted [22]

Treaty on the accession of the Republic of Armenia to the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union

Signatory Date Institution In favour Against AB Deposited Reference
Armenia Armenia 4 Dec 2014 National Assembly 103 7 1 2 Jan 2015 [23]
30 Dec 2014 Presidential Assent Granted [24]
Belarus Belarus 19 Dec 2014 Council of the Republic Approved [25]
19 Dec 2014 House of Representatives Approved [26]
29 Dec 2014 Presidential Assent Granted [27]
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 19 Dec 2014 Senate Approved [28]
18 Dec 2014 Majilis Approved [29]
24 Dec 2014 Presidential Assent Granted [30]
Russia Russia 17 Dec 2014 Federation Council 149 0 0 [31]
10 Dec 2014 State Duma 441 1 0 [32]
22 Dec 2014 Presidential Assent Granted [33]

Treaty on the accession of the Kyrgyz Republic to the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union

Signatory Date Institution In favour Against AB Deposited Reference
Armenia Armenia 16 Jun 2015 National Assembly 91 4 0 12 Aug 2015 [34]
18 Jun 2015 Presidential Assent Granted
Belarus Belarus 26 Jun 2015 Council of the Republic Approved [35]
30 Jun 2015 House of Representatives Approved [36]
24 Jul 2015 Presidential Assent Granted [37]
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 1 Jul 2015 Majilis Approved [38]
9 Jul 2015 Senate Approved [39]
5 Aug 2015 Presidential Assent Granted [40]
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan 20 May 2015 Supreme Council 96 2 0 [41]
21 May 2015 Presidential Assent Granted [42]
Russia Russia 01 Jul 2015 State Duma 437 0 2 [43]
08 Jul 2015 Federation Council Approved [44]
13 Jul 2015 Presidential Assent Granted [45]

References

  1. "Discussion of the draft EEU Treaty was the key topic of the EEC Council's regular session". eurasiancommission.org. Eurasian Economic Commission. 17 April 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union". www.alta.ru. Alta. 29 May 2014. Retrieved 30 August 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Draft Treaty of the Eurasian Economic Union (May 2014)". http://sps.yurclub.ru/. 29 May 2014. Retrieved 30 August 2014. External link in |website= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Draft Treaty of the Eurasian Economic Union (May 2014)". http://www.zhgtu.kz/. Zhambyl Humanitarian-Technical University. 29 May 2014. Retrieved 30 August 2014. External link in |website= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Draft Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union (May 2014)". http://online.zakon.kz/. 29 May 2014. Retrieved 30 August 2014. External link in |website= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. ДОГОВОР О ПРИСОЕДИНЕНИИ РЕСПУБЛИКИ АРМЕНИЯ К ДОГОВОРУ О ЕВРАЗИЙСКОМ ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКОМ СОЮЗЕ ОТ 29 МАЯ 2014 ГОДА
  7. "Putin said the accession of Kyrgyzstan to the EAEC" (in Russian). Life News. 23 December 2014. Retrieved 26 December 2014. Kyrgyzstan is among the member countries of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEC). Kyrgyzstan will participate in the governing bodies of the EAEC since the start of the Union - from 1 January 2015. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Member States of the EEU". Eurasian Commission. Retrieved 5 August 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Kyrgyzstan becomes 5th member of Russia-led Eurasian Economic Union". Russia Today. Retrieved 5 August 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Agreement on Accession of the Republic of Armenia to the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union, dated May 29, 2014". Eurasian Economic Union. Retrieved 2015-08-12.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 "Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union". Eurasian Economic Union. Retrieved 2015-08-12.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "On Accession of the Kyrgyz Republic to the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union, dated May 29, 2014". Eurasian Economic Union. Retrieved 2015-08-12.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Druzhinin, Aleksei (10 October 2014). "Armenia Joins Eurasian Economic Union". http://en.ria.ru/ (RIA Novosti). Retrieved 10 October 2014. Leaders of the Eurasian Economic Union signed an agreement on Friday on Armenia's accession to the Eurasian Economic Union Treaty.
  14. Члены Совета Республики одобрили проект Закона Республики Беларусь «О ратификации Договора о Евразийском экономическом союзе»
  15. 9 октября 2014 года состоялось очередное заседание пятой сессии Палаты представителей пятого созыва, в ходе которого парламентарии рассмотрели пять вопросов
  16. Belarusian president signs law on ratification of Eurasian Economic Union Treaty
  17. Сенаторы ратифицировали Договор о Евразийском Экономическом Союзе
  18. МАЖИЛИС ОДОБРИЛ ПРОЕКТ ЗАКОНА О РАТИФИКАЦИИ ДОГОВОРА О ЕВРАЗИЙСКОМ ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКОМ СОЮЗЕ
  19. Главой государства подписан Закон Республики Казахстан «О ратификации Договора о Евразийском экономическом союзе»
  20. Информация о результатах рассмотрения вопросов на 359 заседании Совета Федерации 1 октября 2014 года
  21. Справка о голосовании по вопросу:О проекте федерального закона № 596865-6 "О ратификации Договора о Евразийском экономическом союзе"
  22. Подписан закон о ратификации Договора о Евразийском экономическом союзе
  23. Парламент завершил работу последних четырехдневных заседаний осенней сессии
  24. http://www.president.am/en/signed-laws/item/2014/12/30/President-Serzh-Sargsyan-signed-laws-December-30-2
  25. Шестая сессия Совета Республики завершила работу
  26. 19 декабря 2014 года состоялось заседание Палаты представителей, на котором были рассмотрены восемь вопросов. Пятая сессия Палаты представителей Национального собрания Республики Беларусь пятого созыва завершила свою работу
  27. Закон Республики Беларусь от 29 декабря 2014 г. № 218-З О ратификации Договора о присоединении Республики Армения к Договору о Евразийском экономическом союзе от 29 мая 2014 года
  28. Сенат ратифицировал Договор о присоединении Армении к Договору о ЕАЭС и принял поправки в законодательство по вопросам кардинального улучшения условий для предпринимательства
  29. МАЖИЛИС ОДОБРИЛ РАТИФИКАЦИЮ ДОГОВОРА О ПРИСОЕДИНЕНИИ АРМЕНИИ К ЕАЭС
  30. Казахстан ратифицировал договор о присоединении Армении к ЕАЭС
  31. Информация о результатах рассмотрения вопросов на 364 заседании Совета Федерации 17 декабря 2014 года
  32. Справка о голосовании по вопросу: О проекте федерального закона № 666644-6 "О ратификации Договора о присоединении Республики Армения к Договору о Евразийском экономическом союзе от 29 мая 2014 года"
  33. Подписан закон о ратификации Договора о присоединении Армении к Договору о Евразийском экономическом союзе
  34. http://www.regnum.ru/news/polit/1933853.html
  35. http://www.rosbalt.ru/exussr/2015/06/26/1412801.html
  36. http://vz.ru/news/2015/6/30/753674.html
  37. http://www.24kg.org/sng/16748_prezident_belarusi_ratifitsiroval_dogovor_o_vstuplenii_kyirgyizstana_v_eaes/
  38. http://m.tengrinews.kz/ru/kazakhstan_news/277052
  39. http://m.inform.kz/ru/article/2795153
  40. http://ria.ru/politics/20150805/1162874254.html
  41. http://www.kenesh.kg/lawprojects/lps.aspx?view=projectinfo&id=203775
  42. http://www.interfax.ru/world/442855
  43. http://api.duma.gov.ru/api/transcript/823290-6
  44. http://council.gov.ru/press-center/news/57317
  45. http://kremlin.ru/acts/news/49945