Mesarfelta

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File:Fossatum.png
Mesarfelta was located on the "Limes romanus" called Fossatum Africae

Mesarfelta was a town in the Roman province of Numidia and a bishopric that is included in the Catholic Church's list of titular sees.[1]

History

The historic Mesarfelta is believed to be what are now the ruins of El-Outaïa or those of Tolga, Henchir-El-Ksar,[1] or may be Qastilya in Algeria[2] (according to "Three North-African Topographical Notes (Islamic-Roman)").

Probably was built a fortification by the Romans, with annexed "vicus", in the second half of first century near the Aures mountains: it had an amphitheater during Hadrian reign.[3]

A barrier -called Fossatum Africae- marking the frontier between the territory of the Roman Empire and other lands ran through Mesarfelta.[4]

The city disappeared after the Arab conquest in the second half of the seventh century.

There are two Mesarfelta bishops historically remembered: in the Carthago Conference of 411 AD went bishop "Lucianus" and the Donatist "Bennatus".

Actual Titular bishops of Mesarfelta[5]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013, ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 929
  2. "Three North-African Topographical Notes (Islamic-Roman)". Arabica. 1 (3): 343–345. September 1954. JSTOR 4054839.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Mesarfelta amphitheater
  4. Wacher, J. S. (2002). The Roman world. Routledge. p. 872. ISBN 0-415-26314-X.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Mesarfelta (Titular See)". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. October 12, 2009. Retrieved 20 December 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Gabriele, Michael C. (October 14, 2009). "Bishop Saltarelli, 77; Son of Archdiocese". The Catholic Advocate. Retrieved 20 December 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Bibliography

  • J. Baradez (1949). Gemellae. Un camp d’Hadrien et une ville aux confins sahariens aujourd’hui ensevelis sous les sables. Revue Africaine v. 93 p. 1-24.
  • P. Trousset (2002). Les limites sud de la réoccupation Byzantine. Antiquité Tardive v. 10, p. 143-150.