Michael de la Pole, 2nd Earl of Suffolk

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Michael de la Pole
Earl of Suffolk
Arms of De la Pole: Azure, a fess between three leopard's faces or
Earl of Suffolk
Born 1367
Died 14 September 1415
Siege of Harfleur
Spouse Katherine de Stafford
Issue Michael de la Pole, 3rd Earl of Suffolk

William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk
Sir Alexander de la Pole
Sir John de la Pole
Sir Thomas de la Pole
Katherine de la Pole
Isabel de la Pole

Elizabeth de la Pole
Father Michael de la Pole, 1st Earl of Suffolk
Mother Katherine Wingfield

Michael de la Pole, 2nd Earl of Suffolk (1367 – 17 September 1415), an English nobleman, supported Henry IV (reigned 1399-1413) against Richard II (reigned 1377-1399). He died during the Siege of Harfleur in 1415.[1] He was a son of Michael de la Pole, 1st Earl of Suffolk and Katherine Wingfield, daughter of Sir John Wingfield.

His father fled abroad amid accusations of treason during the Merciless Parliament in 1388, forfeiting the title of Earl of Suffolk and the family estates. Over the next decade the younger Michael de la Pole made vigorous attempts to recover these lands, and obtained most of them piecemeal between 1389 and 1392, following his father's death. However, his close association with the Lords Appellant, particularly the Earl of Warwick and the Duke of Gloucester prejudiced Richard II against him. He finally obtained the restoration of the earldom in January 1398.

While he obeyed the summons of the Duke of York to defend the kingdom against Henry Bolingbroke in July 1399, Suffolk did not object to the disbandment of York's army and consented to the deposition of Richard II in the summer of 1399. While the first Parliament of Henry IV technically upheld the forfeitures of the Merciless Parliament, Henry IV immediately restored de la Pole's estates and title in recognition of his support. However, he would spend the remainder of his life trying to obtain possession of the remaining estates which had not been restored.

He played a relatively small role in national politics, although he regularly attended Parliament. He took part in the campaign in Scotland in 1400, in naval operations around 1405, and served as the senior English diplomat at the Council of Pisa (1409). Suffolk also acted as a lieutenant of the Duke of Clarence during his campaign of 1412–1413. However, he devoted most of his energies to re-establishing de la Pole influence in East Anglia. He took the role of a justice of the peace in Norfolk and Suffolk from 1399, and assembled a considerable following among the local gentry. He completed his father's building plans at Wingfield, Suffolk and enlarged the local church.

Suffolk brought 40 men-at-arms and 120 archers with him on the 1415 campaign of Henry V in France. He died of dysentery at Harfleur,[2] and was succeeded by his eldest son Michael, who later died at Agincourt.[3][4]

Issue

Michael married Katherine de Stafford, daughter of Hugh de Stafford, 2nd Earl of Stafford. They were parents to at least eight children:

Name Birth Death Notes
Michael de la Pole 1394 1415 3rd Earl of Suffolk
William de la Pole 1396 1450 1st Duke of Suffolk
Sir Alexander de la Pole 1429 Killed at the Battle of Jargeau
Sir John de la Pole 1429 Died as a prisoner in France; he is the father of Margaret de la Pole
Sir Thomas de la Pole aft. 1397 1433 Died in France while a hostage for his brother William. He had a daughter Katherine de la Pole (1416–1488, buried in Rowley Abbey, Oxfordshire), second wife of Sir Miles Stapleton
Katherine de la Pole 1473 Abbess at Barking
Isabel de la Pole 1466 Married Thomas de Morley, 5th Baron Morley
Elizabeth de la Pole Married first Edward Burnell, son of Hugh Burnell, 2nd Baron Burnell, second Sir Thomas Kerdeston

References

File:The Tomb of Michael de la Pole, 2nd Earl of Suffolk and his wife.jpg
The Tomb of Michael de la Pole, 2nd Earl of Suffolk and his wife in Wingfield Church
  1. Walker, Simon (2004). "Pole, Michael de la, second earl of Suffolk (1367/8–1415)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press.
  2. Michael Bennett, Agincourt 1415:Triumph against the Odds, (Osprey, 1991), 24.
  3. Michael Bennett, Agincourt 1415:Triumph against the Odds, 24.
  4. Joseph Hunter (1850). Agincourt: a contribution towards an authentic list of the commanders of the English host in King Henry the Fifth's expedition to France, in the third year of his reign. Cowen Tracts: Newcastle University. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/60201871
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Michael de la Pole, 1st Earl of Suffolk
Earl of Suffolk
Baron de la Pole

1398–1399, 1399–1415
Succeeded by
Michael de la Pole, 3rd Earl of Suffolk