Microsoft engineering groups

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Microsoft engineering groups are the divisions of Microsoft for its products. To be more precise in tracking performance of each unit and delegating responsibility, Microsoft reorganised into seven core business groups, each an independent financial entity in April 2002. On September 20, 2005, Microsoft announced a rationalisation of its original seven business groups into the three core divisions. On July 11, 2013, Microsoft announced a sweeping reorganisation that reorganised its products into five engineering groups and six corporate affairs groups.[1] In June 2015, Microsoft again announced a major reorganisation and aligned its products into three groups.[2]

Windows and Devices


Windows logo and wordmark - 2012.svg

This group produces operating systems for various devices:

  • Windows Embedded: is a group of operating systems designed to be used in embedded systems. It consists of several variations such as Windows CE, Windows Embedded Standard, Windows Embedded Industry and more. The focus of the operating system is on devices where the OS may not directly be visible to the end user, in particular, appliances and cars, as well as point of sale systems and automated teller machines. Windows Embedded is due to be replaced by Windows 10 IoT Core in late 2015.


This group includes:

In addition to above, the group also markets a number of computing-related hardware products, including mice, keyboards, joysticks, and gamepads, along with other game controllers, the production of which is outsourced in most cases.


The MSN is Microsoft's web portal and related collection of Internet services and apps for Windows and mobile devices, provided by Microsoft and launched on August 1995. Previously the MSN was a division under the Applications & Services engineering group until it was moved to the Operating Systems Engineering Group in March 2015.[7] The Operating Systems Engineering Group itself was merged with the Devices and Studios Engineering Group to form Windows and Devices Group in 2015.

Cloud and Enterprise

This group includes:


Microsoft offers a suite of server software, entitled Microsoft Servers for private clouds. Windows Server 2016, an operating system for network servers, is the core of the Windows Server System line. Other server products include:


Microsoft Azure is the company's cloud computing platform that hosts virtual machines, websites and more. It provides both platform as a service (PaaS) and infrastructure as a service (IaaS) services and supports many different programming languages, tools and frameworks, including both Microsoft-specific and third-party software and systems.

Visual Studio

Microsoft Visual Studio is the company's set of programming tools and compilers. The software product is GUI-oriented and links easily with the Windows APIs, but must be specially configured if used with non-Microsoft libraries. Visual Studio supports development for both native Windows platform and .NET Framework. Various free editions are also offered for Windows Runtime, Windows Phone, ASP.NET and Windows desktop development.


This group solely produces Microsoft Dynamics products which are enterprise resource planning (ERP) and customer relationship management (CRM) software applications. Microsoft Dynamics was previously a separate engineering unit until it got reorganised into the Cloud & Enterprise Group in June 2015.[8]

Applications and Services

This group produces online services and apps.


Microsoft Office 2013 logo and wordmark.svg

This group produces Microsoft Office, which is the company's line of office software. The software product includes Word (a word processor), Excel (a spreadsheet program), PowerPoint (a presentation software), Access (a personal relational database application), Outlook (an email program, frequently used with Exchange Server), OneNote (a notetaking program) and Publisher (desktop publishing software). It also encompasses other products (not bundled in Office suite) like Microsoft Project, Microsoft Visio and Microsoft SharePoint Designer.[9] Microsoft also hosts online instances of Exchange Server, SharePoint, Live Meeting and Skype for Business as a service.

Office Mobile

Office Mobile is a free[10] office suite by Microsoft for mobile devices. It is meant to be compatible with desktop versions of the office suite. It includes the scaled-down and touch-optimised versions of Word, Excel and PowerPoint. Other Office applications such as Outlook and OneNote are available as standalone apps.[11]

Office Online

Microsoft produces an online version of Microsoft Office that includes freeware versions of Word, PowerPoint, Excel and OneNote, and also added a group of Microsoft account based services that were previously grouped into Windows Live. This group includes the following online services:

  • (formerly known as Hotmail) is a free web-based email service operated by Microsoft. It is similarly named to a Microsoft Office email client named Microsoft Outlook. The service relaunched as on July 31, 2012.
  • People: is an online contact book that allows real-time updates based on information gathered from online social networks.
  • Calendar: a web calendar.
  • OneDrive: (previously known as SkyDrive) is a freeware cloud storage and file hosting service.
  • Sway: a presentation program that can pull content from various other websites.
  • a site where users can discover, upload and share Office documents on their profile page.


This group produces the company's Skype voice-over-IP service and instant messaging client. It was bought by Microsoft in 2011 for $8.5 billion. This product before the reorganisation was in the Microsoft Skype Division. This group is further responsible for the development of Skype Qik and GroupMe.


Microsoft's web search engine Bing is also developed in this group. Under the Bing division various consumer and enterprise services are listed:


  1. Ballmer, Steve. "One Microsoft: Company realigns to enable innovation at greater speed, efficiency". Microsoft. Microsoft. Retrieved 28 October 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Microsoft aligns engineering teams to strategy
  3. "Midnight Madness Hypes Xbox 360 Launch". Retrieved 2006-07-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Xbox 360 sells out within hours". BBC News. 2005-12-02. Retrieved 2006-07-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Tor Thorsen (2005-11-11). "360 to play 200-plus Xbox games". GameSpot. Retrieved 2006-07-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Tor Thorsen (2005-12-09). "360 backward-compatibility update re-released". GameSpot. Retrieved 2006-07-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Day, Matt (13 March 2015). "Microsoft moves MSN team into Windows development group. The move out of the Applications and Services division, which includes many of Microsoft's Web-facing products, comes just months before Windows 10 is expected to be introduced". Seattle Times.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Foley, Mary Jo (18 June 2015). "How Microsoft's latest reorg will affect Dynamics CRM and ERP. Microsoft is bringing its Dynamics CRM and ERP businesses out of their silo and into the company's Cloud and Enterprise unit". ZDNet.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Microsoft Corporation Annual Report 2005" (doc). Microsoft. Retrieved 2005-10-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Office on mobile devices". Microsoft. Retrieved 23 June 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

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