Middle Turkic languages

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Middle Turkic
Region Central Asia
Era c. 900–1500 CE
Language codes
ISO 639-3 xqa Karakhanid
Linguist list
qjj Middle Turkish
  xqa Karakhanid
Glottolog None

Middle Turkic refers to a phase in the development of the Turkic language family, covering much of the Middle Ages (c. 900–1500 CE). In particular the term is used by linguists to refer to a group of Karluk and Oghuz and related languages spoken during this period in Central Asia, Iran, and other parts of the Middle East occupied by the Seljuk Turks. Its best known literary form is the Karakhanid[1][2] dialects spoken in Kashgar, Balasaghun and other cities along the Silk Road. The literary language of the Chagatai Khanate is considered a later form of Middle Turkic. Confusingly, the Karluk and Oghuz "Middle Turkic" period overlaps with the East Turkic Old Turkic period, which covers the 8th to 13th centuries.

Literary works of the Middle Turkic period

See also


  1. Mary Beth Norton (1995). The American Historical Association's guide to historical literature. Oxford University Press. p. 260.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Peter B. Golden (2010). Turks and Khazars: Origins, Institutions, and Interactions in Pre-Mongol Eurasia. Ashgate/Variorum. p. 104. ISBN 978-1-4094-0003-5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Sinor, Dennis. "Old Turkic and Middle Turkic Languages." History of the Civilizations of Central Asia, vol. IV, 2 (2000), pp. 331–334.