Mikhail Shifman

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Mikhail Shifman
M. Shifman, 2012.jpg
Born (1949-04-04)April 4, 1949
Riga, Latvia
Fields Theoretical High Energy Physics
Institutions William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Minnesota
Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP)
Alma mater Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology
Academic advisors Boris L. Ioffe
Known for Penguin mechanism
Quantum Chromodynamics
Invisible axion
Nonperturbative supersymmetry
Supersymmetric gauge theories
Notable awards Humboldt Research Award (1993)
Sakurai Prize (1999)
Lilienfeld Prize (2006)
Chaires Blaise Pascal (2007)
Pomeranchuk Prize (2013)

Mikhail "Misha" Arkadyevich Shifman (Russian: Михаи́л Арка́дьевич Ши́фман; born 4 April 1949) is a theoretical physicist (high energy physics), formerly at Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow, currently Ida Cohen Fine Professor of Theoretical Physics, William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Minnesota.

Important discoveries

He is known for a number of basic contributions to Quantum Chromodynamics, the theory of strong interactions, and to understanding of supersymmetric gauge dynamics. The most important results due to M. Shifman are diverse and include (i) the discovery of the penguin mechanism in the flavor-changing weak decays (1974);[1] (ii) introduction of the gluon condensate and development of the SVZ sum rules relating properties of the low-lying hadronic states to the vacuum condensates (1979);[2] (iii) introduction of the invisible axion (1980)[3] (iv) first exact results in supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories (NSVZ beta function, gluino condensate,1983–1988);[4] (v) heavy quark theory based on the operator product expansion (1985–1995);[5] (vi) critical domain walls (D-brane analogs) in super-Yang-Mills (1996);[6] (vii) non-perturbative (exact) planar equivalence between super-Yang-Mills and orientifold non-supersymmetric theories (2003);[7] (viii) non-Abelian flux tubes and confined monopoles (2004).[8] His paper with A. Vainshtein and Zakharov on the SVZ sum rules[2] is among the all-time top cited papers in high-energy physics.

Honors and awards

Mikhail Shifman received the Alexander-von-Humboldt Award in 1993, the Sakurai Prize in 1999, the Ida Cohen Fine Chair in Theoretical Physics [9][10] and the Julius Edgar Lilienfeld Prize in 2006; he is the 2007 laureate of the Blaise Pascal Chair. 2013 Pomeranchuk Prize. Fellow of the American Physical Society.

See also

References

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    M. Shifman, A. Vainshtein, and V. Zakharov (1977). Soviet Physics JETP. 45: 670. Missing or empty |title= (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  5. M. Shifman, M. Voloshin (1987). Soviet Journal of Nuclear Physics. 45: 292. Missing or empty |title= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
    M. Shifman, M. Voloshin (1988). Soviet Journal of Nuclear Physics. 47: 511. Missing or empty |title= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  9. UMN BIO Physics Shifman
  10. UMN CSE Endowed Chairs and Professorship

Selected books

External links