Military intelligence and reconnaissance (Egypt)

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Military Intelligence and Reconnaissance
إدارة المخابرات الحربية والإستطلاع
Agency overview
Formed 1952; 66 years ago (1952)
Jurisdiction Ministry of Defence
Headquarters Cairo, Egypt
Agency executive
Parent agency President of Egypt

The Egyptian Military Intelligence and Reconnaissance Administration (Arabic: إدارة المخابرات الحربية والإستطلاع‎‎ Idarat al-Mukhabarat al-Harbiyya wa al-Istitla), or DMI, is the agency of the Egyptian Ministry of Defence responsible for military intelligence. It is one of the three Egyptian intelligence services, along with the General Intelligence Directorate and Homeland Security.

A number of senior army officers have led the agency, including Field Marshal Abdel-Halim Abu Ghazala, a former defence minister, Gen. Omar Suleiman, the former vice president and former head of the General Intelligence Service, and Major General Murad Muwafi President of the General Intelligence Service, who was appointed successor to Solomon in January / December 2011.[1]

Specialties of the agency include reconnaissance to discover enemy movements, collecting information on enemy formations and preparations in wartime and peacetime, and geographical surveys. The agency has also, since the time of Abdul Nasser, conducted an internal mission to detect anti-regime elements within the military.

Historically, the agency suffered two major blows: failing to predict the Israeli attack on Egypt in the 1967 Arab-Israeli War, and failing to stop the assassination of President Anwar Sadat by Islamists linked to the military in 1981. According to General Mohammad Sadiq (1917-1991), director of intelligence during the 1967 war, the most important reason for the intelligence failure then was the lack of coordination between GID and military intelligence.

Tasks

  • Protect the state from any possible attack from the enemy and know the capabilities and military capabilities of the enemy
  • Planning and coordination with the military police to ensure the security of military facilities and barracks
  • The level of security control in military installations and security including documents and personnel, weapons and other security
  • Counter-intelligence
  • The use of available sources of information to monitor the enemy's military activities
  • Ensure good discipline and loyalty of officers and individuals
  • Cooperation with other intelligence agencies in the same state for the exchange of information and complete the tasks, ensuring the achievement of national security

Directors

Major General Zakaria Mohieddin, the first Manager of the Department of military intelligence and reconnaissance 1952 - 1953

See also

References