Ministry of Defence (Somalia)
|Jurisdiction||Federal Government of Somalia|
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politics and government of
The Somali Armed Forces were initially made up of the army, navy, air force, and air defence command. In the post-independence period, the national armed forces grew to become among the larger militaries on the continent. The subsequent outbreak of the civil war in 1991 led to the disbandment of the Somali National Army (SNA). However, the military of Somalia was later gradually reconstituted with the establishment of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) in 2004.
The Federal Government of Somalia was established on 20 August 2012, concurrent with the end of the TFG's interim mandate. The SAF is now overseen by the federal Ministry of Defence. The Somaliland and Puntland regional governments maintain their own security and police forces.
Security and Defense Forces
- The Somali Republic shall have a national armed force consisting of the army and police.
- The Armed forces shall faithfully abide and preserve the Charter, the laws of the land and unity of the country.
- The law shall regulate the structure and functions of the armed forces and the system of cooperation and coordination amongst them in the fulfilment of their institutional duties.
|Federal Republic of Somalia|
|Abdulkadir Sheikh Dini||27 January 2015 – Present||Federal Government of Somalia (FGS)|
|Mohamed Sheikh Hassan||17 January 2014 – 27 January 2015||Federal Government of Somalia (FGS)|
|Abdihakim Mohamoud Haji-Faqi||4 November 2012 – 17 January 2014||Federal Government of Somalia (FGS)|
|Transitional Federal Government|
|Hussein Arab Isse||20 July 2011 – 4 November 2012||Transitional Federal Government (TFG)|
|Abdihakim Mohamoud Haji-Faqi||12 November 2010 – 20 July 2011||Transitional Federal Government (TFG)|
|Mohamed Abdi Mohamed||21 February 2009 – 12 November 2010||Transitional Federal Government (TFG)|
|Somali Democratic Republic|
|Aden Abdullahi Nur||1986 – 1988||Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party (SRSP)|
|Muhammad Ali Samatar||1980 – 1986||Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party (SRSP)|