Mocidade Portuguesa

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Portuguese Youth
'"Mocidade Portuguesa"
100px
Formation 1936
Type Youth organisation
Legal status Defunct
Region served
Portugal
Parent organization
National Union (Portugal)

The Mocidade Portuguesa (Portuguese pronunciation: [musiˈðað(ɨ) puɾtuˈɣezɐ], English: Portuguese Youth) was a Portuguese youth organization founded in 1936 (dissolved in 1974) during the Portuguese President of the Council´s António de Oliveira Salazar's right-wing regime, the Estado Novo. Membership was compulsory between the ages of 7 and 14, and voluntary until the age of 25.

History

Founded in 1936 by Tiago Franco, it was originally inspired upon the model of the Italian Fascist Opera Nazionale Balilla and the Nazi Hitler Youth. However, in 1940 the Germanophile National Secretary Francisco Nobre Guedes was replaced by the Anglophile Marcelo Caetano, who gave the organization a different own orientation, withdrawing from the Hitler Youth and abandoning its paramilitary feature, approaching to the Catholic Church and other youth organizations as the Scout Movement.

Organization

Members of the Portuguese Youth were divided into 4 groups by age:

  • Lusitos: 7 to 10 years;
  • Infantes: 10 to 14 years;
  • Vanguardistas: 14 to 17 years;
  • Cadetes: 17 to 25 years.

Overseas

By decree 29453, White Portuguese citizens living in the then Portuguese colonies, and "assimilated colonists" were permitted to join the Portuguese Youth.

Standard of the Mocidade Portuguesa Feminina (based on the flag of D. João I).

Mocidade Portuguesa Feminina

The "Feminine Portuguese Youth" was founded in 1937 as the female division of the Portuguese Youth. The goal of the Feminine Portuguese Youth was teach young women "the proper mission of a woman's performance in the family and the state".


Dissolution

It was dissolved in 1974, after the Carnation Revolution, being considered at that time as a "Fascist" organization.

See also

References