Monarchies in Asia

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Asia has more monarchs than any other continent.

National monarchies

State Type Succession Incumbent Born Age Reigns since Designated heir
 Bahrain kingdom agnatic primogeniture Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa 28 Jan 1950 70 y. 6 Mar 1999
(as emir)
14 Feb 2002
(as king)
heir apparent: Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, Crown Prince of Bahrain (eldest son)
 Bhutan kingdom male primogeniture Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck 21 Feb 1980 40 y. 14 Dec 2006 heir presumptive: Prince Jigyel Ugyen Wangchuck (younger brother)
 Brunei sultanate agnatic primogeniture Hassanal Bolkiah 15 Jul 1946 74 y. 4 Oct 1967 heir apparent: Al-Muhtadee Billah, Crown Prince of Brunei (eldest son)
 Cambodia kingdom elective monarchy with hereditary agnatic primogeniture Norodom Sihamoni 14 May 1953 67 y. 14 Oct 2004 None; appointed by the Royal Council of the Throne within the Royal Family members
 Japan empire agnatic primogeniture Akihito 23 Dec 1933 86 y. 7 Jan 1989 heir apparent: Naruhito, Crown Prince of Japan
(eldest son)
 Jordan kingdom agnatic primogeniture Abdullah II bin Al Hussein 30 Jan 1962 58 y. 7 Feb 1999 heir apparent: Hussein bin Al Abdullah, Crown Prince of Jordan (eldest son)
 Kuwait emirate elective monarchy with hereditary agnatic primogeniture Sabah IV Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah 16 Jun 1929 91 y. 29 Jan 2006 heir presumptive: Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Crown Prince of Kuwait (younger half-brother; appointed by the reigning emir within the Royal Family members)
 Malaysia kingdom elective monarchy Abdul Halim, Sultan of Kedah 28 November 1927 93 y. 13 December 2011 None; appointed by the Conference of Rulers every five years or after the king's death
 Oman sultanate agnatic primogeniture Qaboos bin Said al Said 18 Nov 1940 80 y. 23 Jul 1970 None; the king has no children so the heir will be appointed by the Royal Family members after the king's death, if there is no consensus the king's preference (expressed in an official sealed letter) will prevail
 Qatar emirate agnatic primogeniture Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani 3 June 1980 40 y. 25 June 2013 None; will be appointed by the reigning emir within the Royal Family members
 Saudi Arabia kingdom agnatic seniority Salman bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud 31 Dec 1935 84 y. 23 Jan 2015 Heir apparent: Muhammad bin Nayef, Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia
 Thailand kingdom male primogeniture Bhumibol Adulyadej Rama IX 5 Dec 1927 92 y. 9 Jun 1946 Heir apparent: Maha Vajiralongkorn, Crown Prince of Thailand (only son)
 United Arab Emirates kingdom agnatic primogeniture Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Emir of Abu Dhabi 25 Jan 1948 72 y. 3 Nov 2004 None; appointed by the seven emirs of UAE (normally the Emir of Abu Dhabi is always appointed as President, while the Emir of Dubai is always appointed as Prime Minister


Constituent monarchies

United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates consists of seven emirates that are all ruled by absolute monarchs. The President of the United Arab Emirates is an office held by the ruler of Abu Dhabi and the office of Prime Minister is held by the ruler of Dubai. The seven Emirates of the UAE are the;


Note: Sheikh Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi of Ajman, Saud bin Rashid Al Mu'alla of Umm al-Quwain, Saqr bin Mohammad al-Qassimi of Ras al-Khaimah, and Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi of Fujairah are not pictured.


Malaysia, where the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (Supreme Head of State) is elected to a five-year term. Nine hereditary rulers from the Malay States form a Council of Rulers who will determine the next Agong via a secret ballot. The position has to date, been de facto rotated through the State rulers, originally based on seniority. The nine Malay States are the;

The monarchy of Negeri Sembilan is itself elective.

Other subnational

 Indonesia is a republic, however several provinces or regencies preserves their own monarchy, although only Special Region of Yogyakarta that retain actual administrative authority, the rest only holds cultural significance.

See also