Monarchy of Italy

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Monarchy of Italy
Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Italy (1890).svg
Umberto II, 1944.jpg
Umberto II
Details
Style His Majesty
First monarch Victor Emmanuel II
Last monarch Umberto II
Formation 1861 (Italian Unification)
Abolition 1946 (Italian constitutional referendum, 1946)
Residence Quirinal Palace, Rome
Appointer Hereditary
Pretender(s)

The Monarchy of Italy (the Italian Monarchy) was the system of government in which a hereditary monarch was the sovereign the Kingdom of Italy from 1861 to 1946.

History

The Monarch of Italy was created with the proclamation of King of Sardinia, Victor Emmanuel II, as "King of Italy" during the Italian unification, on 17 March 1861 in Turin.

The states unified under the new Kingdom were:

State Date Head
Kingdom of Sardinia 12 February 1861 King Victor Emmanuel II
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies 12 February 1861 King Francis II
Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia 12 October 1866 King Franz Joseph I
Papal States 20 September 1870 Pope Pius IX

List of Italian monarchs

Monarch Consort Reign Royal House
# Portrait Name Portrait Name Reign start Reign end
1 VictorEmmanuel2.jpg King Vittorio Emanuele II
(1820–1878)
Re Vittorio Emanuele II
17 March 1861
[1]
9 January 1878 House of Savoy
2 Umberto I di Savoia.jpg King Umberto I
(1844–1900)
Re Umberto I
Queen Margharitha di Savoia.jpg Queen Margherita
(1851–1926)
Regina Margherita
9 January 1878 29 July 1900 House of Savoy
3 60px King Vittorio Emanuele III
(1869–1947)
Re Vittorio Emanuele III
60px Queen Elena
(1873–1952)
Regina Elena
29 July 1900 9 May 1946
(Abdicated)
House of Savoy
4 Umberto II, 1944.jpg King Umberto II
(1904–1983)
Re Umberto II
60px Queen Marie José
(1906–2001)
Regina Maria José
9 May 1946 18 June 1946
(Deposed)
House of Savoy

Heads of the House of Savoy

Pretender Consort Reign
# Portrait Name Portrait Name Reign start Reign end
1 Umberto II, 1944.jpg King Umberto II
(1904–1983)
Re Umberto II
60px Queen Marie José
(1906–2001)
Regina Maria José
18 June 1946 18 March 1983
2 60px Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples
(1937–)
Vittorio Emanuele, Principe di Napoli
60px Marina, Princess of Naples
(1935–)
Marina, Principessa di Napoli
18 March 1983
3 60px (Disputed) Prince Amedeo, Duke of Aosta
(1943–)
Principe Amedeo, Duca d'Aosta
Silvia, Duchess of Aosta
(1953–)
Silvia, Duchessa d'Aosta
7 July 2006

See also

References

  1. King of Sardinia since 23 March 1849