Monte Bubbonia

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Monte Bubbonia
File:Monte Bubbonia 4.JPG
Remains of the ancient settlement
Monte Bubbonia is located in Sicily
Monte Bubbonia
Shown within Sicily
Location Caltanissetta, Sicily, Italy
Coordinates Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Type settlement
Periods 6th century BC
Cultures Sicans, Greeks
Site notes
Archaeologists Paolo Orsi, Piero Orlandini
Public access yes

Monte Bubbonìa[1] is a 595 metre high hill located in the comune of Mazzarino, about twenty kilometres from the city of Gela. It consists of three platforms, descending from west to east (i.e. the westernmost platform is also the highest).

The site is reached by travelling along the SS 117 Gela-Catania, taking the turn-off for Piazza Armerina, driving for 9 kilometres, until a side road appears on the left, the old road to Mazzarino, marked by a sign which shows the street on an ancient Roman route map known as the Itinerarium Antonini.[2]

The shape of the hill, from a geological point of view, is relatively recent, with the Miocene limestone base covered by Pleistocene marl with silt and quartz grains, then finally by very red sand which is very crumbly and dusty. Below the curb of a dirt road which runs up the east side of the mountain towards the acropolis, there is a 2.2 metre long chamber dolmen. The shape of this monument has similarities to structures in Sardinia and Puglia.[3]

On the summit of the mountain, an ancient city was discovered by Paolo Orsi, which the archaeologist Piero Orlandini later identified as the Sican settlement of Maktorion known from Herodotus 7.53.[4] However, the ruins do not seem to predate the 6th century BC, and this makes Orlandini's identification unlikely.[5]



  1. Domenico Pancucci - Maria Cristina Naro, "Monte Bubbonia. Campagne di scavo 1905, 1906, 1955", Sikelika serie archeologica 4, Bretschnaider ed., Roma, 1992.
  2. Salvatore Piccolo, Antiche Pietre. La cultura dei dolmen nella Preistoria della Sicilia sud-orientale, Morrone ed., Siracusa, 2007, pp. 22, 23.
  3. S. Piccolo, 2007, p. 25.
  4. D. Pancucci, "Monte Bubbonia, Maktorion?", (Sicilia, Caltanissetta), in "F.A." XXVIII- XXIX, 1979, n.5755.
  5. Eugenio Manni, Greci in Sicilia tra l'VIII e il VI secolo.


  • P. Orsi - D. Pancucci, "Esplorazioni a Monte Bubbonia dal 1904 al 1906", in Archivio storico Siracusano, N.S. 2 (1972–73), pp. 5–60;
  • D. Pancucci, "Monte Bubbonia. Scavi nel quadriennio 1972-75", in Kokalos, 22-23 (1976–77), pp. 470–478;
  • D. Pancucci, "Monte Bubbonia. Scavi nella Necropoli", in Sicilia Archeologica,6.23 (1973), pp. 49–55;
  • Salvatore Piccolo, Antiche Pietre. La cultura dei dolmen nella Preistoria della Sicilia sud-orientale, Morrone ed., Siracusa, 2007, pp. 22, 23.

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