Morewood massacre

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The Morewood massacre was an armed labor-union conflict in Morewood, Pennsylvania, in Westmoreland County, west of the present-day borough Mount Pleasant in 1891. Nine coal miners were shot and killed by sheriff’s deputies during a strike for higher wages and an eight-hour work day.[1][2]

The United Mine Workers union, formed only the previous year, organized the strike against the local coke works owned by industrialist Henry Clay Frick. After a work stoppage beginning on February 2, weeks of increasing unrest, and evictions of mining families from company-controlled property, a crowd of about a thousand strikers accompanied by a brass band marched on the company store in the early morning hours of Friday, April 3.[3] Deputized members of the 10th regiment of the National Guard under the command of Captain Loar fired several volleys [4] into the crowd, killing six strikers outright and fatally wounding three more.[3] Thousands attended their funeral.

A Pennsylvania state historical marker describing the event was erected in 2000 at the Route 119 overpass on Route 981 (Morewood Road).[5]

See also

References

  1. Washlaski, Raymond A. (2006-11-12). "Massacre at Morewood Mine & Coke Works, (Coal Miners Strike of 1891)". Virtual Museum of Coal Mining in Western Pennsylvania. Retrieved 2008-05-10. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Morewood Massacre". ExplorePAhistory.com. WITF, Inc. (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania) and Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. Retrieved 2008-05-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Massacre at Morewood Mine & Coke Works, Morewood, East Huntingdon Twp.,Westmoreland Co., PA, USA". Patheoldminer.rootsweb.ancestry.com. 2008-10-19. Retrieved 2016-05-26.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Official Documents, Comprising the Department and Other Reports Made to the Governor, Senate and House of Representatives of Pennsylvania, Volume 4. State of Pennsylvania. 1892. p. D - 8. |access-date= requires |url= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. http://explorepahistory.com/hmarker.php?markerId=1-A-2CB

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