Morogoro

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Morogoro Municipal Council
Municipality
Mji kasoro bahari
Panorama of Morogoro Town
Panorama of Morogoro Town
Morogoro Municipal Council is located in Tanzania
Morogoro Municipal Council
Morogoro Municipal Council
Location of Morogo in Tanzania
Coordinates: 6°49′S 37°40′E / 6.817°S 37.667°E / -6.817; 37.667
Country Tanzania
Area[1]
 • Total 360 km2 (140 sq mi)
 • Land 260 km2 (100 sq mi)
 • Water 100 km2 (40 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Total 315,866
Time zone GMT +3

Morogoro is a city with a population of 315,866 (2012 census) in the southern highlands of Tanzania, 169 kilometres (105 mi) west of Dar es Salaam, the country's largest city and commercial centre, and 223 kilometres (139 mi) east of Dodoma, the country's capital city.[3] Morogoro is the capital of the Morogoro Region. It is also known informally as "Mji kasoro bahari", which translates as "city short of an ocean/port".[citation needed]

File:Uluguru Mountain.JPG
Uluguru Mountains in the background of Morogoro city. This photo has been taken by Prof.Chen Hualin

Overview

Sisal plantations in the outskirts of Morogoro (Uluguru Mountains in the background

Morogoro lies at the base of the Uluguru Mountains and is a centre of agriculture in the region. It lies on the site of the walled city-state of Simbamwenni ("lion city")[4] founded by the Zigula chief Kisabengo in the 1840s. Henry Morton Stanley visited Simbamwenni while leading the New York Herald expedition in search for Dr. Livingstone in 1871, by which time it was ruled by Kisabengo's daughter who was also named Simbamwenni, and was impressed by the Arab-Persian-influenced fortifications and dwellings. He estimated its population at 3,000.[5]:115-117

The Sokoine University of Agriculture is based in the city. A number of missions are also located in the city, providing schools and hospitals.

Morogoro is the home of Salim Abdullah, who was the founder of the Cuban Marimba jazz band, and the Morogoro Jazz Band, another well-known band established in 1944.[6] From the mid-1960s to the 1970s, Morogoro was home to one of Tanzania's most influential and celebrated musicians, Mbaraka Mwinshehe, a lead guitarist and singer-songwriter.[6]

Morogoro is home to the Amani Centre, which has helped over 3,400 disabled people in the surrounding villages.[7]

Transportation

Morogoro is served by a station on the Central Railway of Tanzania Railways. Public transport buses called dala dala are available for transport within the town.

Water supply

Eighty percent of the Morogoro's water supply comes from the Mindu Dam on the Ngerengere River. The dam project, begun in 1978, has been controversial. The lake behind the dam has led to high rates of bilharzia infection,[8] and mercury run-off from gold mining nearby the dam has polluted the city's water supply.[9] The dam is also being rapidly silted due to deforestation in the surrounding areas.[citation needed]

Climate

Climate data for Morogoro
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 32
(89)
32
(89)
31
(88)
29
(85)
28
(83)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(83)
29
(85)
31
(88)
32
(90)
32
(89)
29.8
(85.9)
Average low °C (°F) 21
(69)
21
(70)
21
(69)
21
(69)
19
(66)
16
(61)
15
(59)
16
(60)
17
(62)
18
(64)
19
(67)
21
(69)
18.8
(65.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 99
(3.9)
97
(3.8)
173
(6.8)
206
(8.1)
99
(3.9)
28
(1.1)
15
(0.6)
10
(0.4)
15
(0.6)
25
(1.0)
51
(2.0)
71
(2.8)
889
(35)
Source: Weatherbase [3]

Education

The main campus of the Sokoine University of Agriculture is situated in Morogoro. Jordan University College is also located in Morogoro. Mzumbe University is located roughly 20 km south of town on the highway to Iringa,Muslim university near from Msamvu Terminal along Dodoma road and other colleges like KIgurunyembe Teachers College,Dakawa Teachers College,Chuo cha ardhi,...also famous and old secondary schools in the country Morogoro seconfary school,Kilakala secondary school and Mzumbe Secondary school

Sports

The city is represented in the Tanzanian Premier League by football club [[Mtibwa Sugar F.C]

Sister cities

The city of Milwaukee in the state of Wisconsin in the United States is a sister city of Morogoro as designated by Sister Cities International.[10] Morogoro is also twinned with Linköping in Sweden and Vaasa in Finland.[citation needed]

External links

Media related to Morogoro at Wikimedia Commons

References