Moscow Conference (1944)

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The Fourth Moscow Conference,[1] also Tolstoy Conference for its code name Tolstoy, between the major Allies of World War II took place from October 9 to October 19, 1944.

The chief representatives for the Soviet Union at the conference were Joseph Stalin, the Soviet leader, and Vyacheslav Molotov the Soviet foreign minister. The United Kingdom principal representatives were Winston Churchill, the British Prime Minister and the British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden. The United Kingdom CIGS, Field Marshal Sir Alan Brooke was also present as were the United States ambassador to Moscow, Averell Harriman, and General John R. Deane, head of the United States Military Mission in Moscow as observers. Also at the conference were delegations from both the London-based Polish government in Exile and Provisional Polish communist government based in Lublin.[2][3]

Issues discussed at the conference were the Soviet Union's entry in the war against Japan, postwar division of the Balkans in the form of the alleged Percentages agreement, and the future of Poland. The British also agreed to return to the Soviet Union all former Soviet citizens who had been liberated from the Germans.[4]


  1. Some British sources call this the Second Moscow Conference as it was the second time Churchill and Stalin had met at a conference in Moscow. The previous time was for the 1942 Conference (see Fact File : Second Moscow Conference 9 to 19 October 1944 BBC)
  2. Fact File : Second Moscow Conference 9 to 19 October 1944 BBC
  3. Stanly Smith Part 1: The Polish Government: Could Churchill have done more to save Poland from Communism?
  4. Tolstoy, Nikolai. The Secret Betrayal. Charles Scribner' Sons (1977). p. 75. ISBN 0-684-15635-0.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

See also