Muhammad Hassan (Brunei)

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Muhammad Hassan
10th Sultan of Brunei
Reign 1582 CE - 1598 CE (death)[citation needed]
Predecessor Shah Berunai
Successor Abdul Jalilul Akbar
Issue Abdul Jalilul Akbar, Sultan Tengah
Father Saiful Rijal
Religion Sunni Islam

Sultan Muhammad Hassan was the tenth sultan of Brunei. He reigned from 1582 to 1598. His predecessor Shah Berunai was his older brother who died without an heir. He was succeeded by his elder son Abdul Jalilul Akbar.


Muhammad Hassan's descendants, through his elder son, have ruled as Sultans of Brunei into the 21st century, and he is the ancestor of the current Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah.

Muhammad Hassan's middle son Pangiran Muda Tengah may have been sent to become Sultan of Sarawak then called by Sultan Tengah or Raja Tengah and the son of Sultan Tengah / Raja Tengah named Sulaiman was become Sultan of Sambas.


The earliest historical record of the Sultans of Brunei is not clearly known due to the poor early documentation of Brunei history. In addition there has been an effort to Islamise the history, with the "official history" not matching up with verifiable foreign sources.[1] The Batu Tarsilah, the genealogical record of the kings of Brunei, was not started until 1807. Therefore, much of the intepretation on history relied on earlier Chinese sources and legends.[2] It seems that the early Sultanate of Brunei was dependent on Chinese support,[2][3][4] and perhaps early Sultans were of Chinese origin.[2] Furthermore the earliest Sultans may have been practising the Hindu or Buddhist religions, with early names indicating this origin.[1]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Brunei". Retrieved 18 January 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Elisseeff, Vadime (January 2000). "Chapter 8: A Brunei Sultan of the Early Fourteenth Century — A Study of an Arabic Gravestone". The Silk Roads: Highways of Culture and Commerce. Berghahn Books. pp. 145–157. ISBN 978-1-57181-222-3. Retrieved 26 December 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Malay History: What's Missing in Malaysian History Books". Retrieved 18 January 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "The golden history of Islam in Brunei". The Brunei Times. Retrieved 18 January 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>