Municipal police

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Straż miejska in Kołobrzeg (Poland)
Městská policie in Český Krumlov (Czech Republic)
Policía Municipal of Madrid (Spain)
Police municipale Citroën C4 in Aix-en-Provence (France)
Mounted Polizia Locale in Piazza della Signoria in Florence (Italy)
Municipal policeman, Комунални полицијац of the city of Valjevo, Serbia
Parade of Stadtpolizei Zürich on occasion of centennial of Schutz und Rettung Zürich in 2011

Municipal police are law enforcement agencies that are under the control of local government. This includes the municipal government, where it is the smallest administrative subdivision. They receive funding from the city budget, and may have fewer legal powers than the "state paid" police. These police forces usually report to the Mayor or a local police board.

In terms of their policing role, they are generally preventive police.

Historical development

Historically, the role of the municipal police of local civic protection was carried out by Municipal Guards. Today some formations of municipal police still carry the name of the city/communal/municipal guard.

Municipal police by country

Country English name Native name(s)
Albania Municipal Police
Algeria Municipal Guards
Argentina Metropolitan Police (Buenos Aires)
  • Spanish: Policía Metropolitana de Buenos Aires
Austria Community security guards
  • German: Gemeindesicherheitswache, Gemeindewachkörper, Sicherheitspolizeien, Gemeindepolizeien or Stadtpolizeien
Australia Council ranger
Belgium Local Police
Brazil Municipal Guards
Canada Municipal and regional police services (criminal and administrative offences) and bylaw enforcement officers (administrative offences)
China City Law Enforcement Bureau
Czech Republic Municipal Police
  • Czech: městská policie, obecní policie
Estonia Municipal Police
  • Estonian: Munitsipaalpolitsei, MuPo, MunPol
France Municipal Police
Germany City Police
  • German: Stadtpolizei, Ordnungsamt, Kommunaler Ordnungsdienst or Städtischer Ordnungsdienst, Polizeibehörde
Greece Municipal Police
  • Greek: Δημοτική Αστυνομία
Hungary Municipal Police
  • Hungarian: Önkormányzati Rendészet, Városőrség
Italy Municipal Police
  • Italian: Polizia Municipale, Polizia Comunale, Polizia Urbana, Polizia Locale or Vigili Urbani
  • French: Police municipale
  • German: Stadtpolizei or Gemeindepolizei
  • Slovene: Občinska policija
Latvia Municipal Police
Lithuania Public Order Division
Mexico Municipal Police
Namibia Municipal Police
Netherlands Municipal Enforcement
  • Dutch: Handhaving, Toezicht, Stadswacht, BOA(Have limited police powers like use of force, handcuffs, detaining etc.)
Poland City Guard
  • Polish: Straż miejska, Straż gminna
Portugal Municipal Police
Romania Local Police
Serbia Communal Police
  • Serbian: Комунална Полиција
Slovakia City/Municipal Police
  • Slovak: mestská polícia, obecná polícia
Slovenia Communal Police
Spain Municipal Police
  • Spanish: Policía Municipal, Policía Local or Guàrdia Urbana
South Africa Municipal Police
Switzerland Municipal Police
Turkey Municipal Police
United States Municipal police departments
Vietnam Municipal police of Ha Noi City, Ho Chi Minh City, Hai Phong City, Da Nang City and Can Tho City

See also


pt:Guarda Municipal (Brasil)