Baladiyat of Libya

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The Baladiyah (singular), or baladiyat (plural), is the current second-level administration subdivision of Libya being reintroduced in 2012 by the General National Congress with Law 59 on the system of local administration, dividing the country into governorates (muhafazat) and districts (baladiyat), with baladiyah having local councils.

Baladiyah is an Arabic word used in many Arab countries to denote administrative divisions of a country.

History

Baladiyat were first introduced in Libya in 1983 to replace the governorate system. The ten existing governorates were replaced with forty-six baladiyat,[1] but in 1988 that number was reduced to twenty-five baladiyat. In 1995 they were replaced by shabiyat. For Libya, the baladiyat are usually known in English as "districts" and sometimes as "municipalities", but the municipal level under the baladiyat and subsequent shabiyat systems was the Basic People's Congress. After the fall of Gaddafi and the transfer of government from the interim National Transitional Council to the elected General National Congress, the previous shabiyat and Basic People's Congress system was deemed inappropriate, and a revised system was authorized with governorates (muhafazat) as the primary division and districts (baladiyat) as their subdivision, with baladiyat having local councils.[2][3] This was implemented in part by the Council of Ministers with resolution No. 180 in July 2013, creating the baladiyah.[4] There were originally ninety-nine baladiyat listed for Libya,[5] but by March 2015 that number had grown to 108.[6] The first-level administration subdivisions, the governorates (muhafazat), have yet to be created[7] due to a vested interest in maintaining decentrailzed governance, and the continuing civil war.[8]

1988

Map showing subdivision of former governorates into the 25 baladiya

The table hereunder lists the old twenty-five baladiyat in alphabetical order with a link to each one and numbered to be located on the map. Note that each district linked may be both a baladiyah and a shabiyah. The many changes may not always be reflected in the linked article.

Number Name Region
1 Ajdabiya Cyreneica
2 ‘Aziziya Tripolitania
3 Butnan Cyreneica
4 Fati Cyreneica
5 Jabal al Akhdar Cyreneica
6 Jufra Fezzan
7 Khoms Tripolitania
8 Kufra Cyreneica
9 Nuqat al Khams Tripolitania
10 Wadi al Shatii Fezzan
11 Ubari Fezzan
12 Zawiya Tripolitania
13 Benghazi Cyreneica
14 Derna Cyreneica
15 Ghadames Tripolitania
16 Gharyan Tripolitania
17 Misrata Tripolitania
18 Murzuq Fezzan
19 Sabha Fezzan
20 Sawfajjin Tripolitania
21 Sirte Tripolitania
22 Tripoli Tripolitania
23 Tarhuna Tripolitania
24 Yafran Tripolitania
25 Zlitan Tripolitania

2013

The table for the 2013 baladiyat is not complete.

See also

References

  1. "Districts of Libya". Statoids.com. Retrieved 7 November 2010. 
  2. "للقانون رقم 59 لسنة 2012 ميلادية بشأن نظام الإدارة المحلية" [Law No. 59 for the year 2012 AD on the local administration system] (PDF) (in العربية). اللجنة المركزية لانتخاب المجالس البلدية [The Central Committee for the election of baladiyah councils]. Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 March 2014. 
  3. Bader, Mahmoud (April 2014). "Is Local Government in Libya the Solution?". Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE). Archived from the original on 17 July 2014. 
  4. "قرار مجلس الوزراء رقم 180 لسنة 2013 ميلادي بإنشاء البلديات" [Council of Ministers resolution No. 180 for the year 2013 AD the establishment of baladiyat] (PDF) (in العربية). اللجنة المركزية لانتخاب المجالس البلدية [The Central Committee for the election of baladiyah councils]. Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 March 2014. 
  5. "الكشف المرفق بقرار مجلس الوزراء رقم 180 لسنة 2013 ميلادي بإنشاء البلديات" [Appendix Council of Ministers resolution No. 180 for the year 2013 AD the establishment of baladiyat] (PDF) (in العربية). اللجنة المركزية لانتخاب المجالس البلدية [The Central Committee for the election of baladiyah councils]. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 December 2015. 
  6. "اسماء البلديات" [The names of the baladiyat] (in العربية). اللجنة المركزية لانتخاب المجالس البلدية [The Central Committee for the election of baladiyah councils]. 26 March 2015. Archived from the original on 13 December 2015. 
  7. Shanks, Tracy and Chemonics International Inc. (3 July 2014). "Libya Public Financial Management System Reform" (PDF). Asia Middle East Economic Growth Best Practices Project (AMEG). pp. 5–6. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 24, 2015. 
  8. Vandewalle, Dirk (2015). "Libya's Uncertain Revolution". In Cole, Peter and McQuin, Brian. The Libyan Revolution and its Aftermath. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-19-025733-0.