Muranów is a neighborhood consisting mainly of housing estates in the districts of Śródmieście and Wola in Warsaw. It was founded in the 17th century. The name is derived from the palace belonging to Józef Bellotti, a Venetian architect. The name of the estate comes from the island of Murano.
In the Interwar period, the district was inhabited mostly by Jews. Because of this, the Warsaw Ghetto was located here by the occupying Germans. After the uprising in 1943 commanded by Mordechaj Anielewicz, the district was completely destroyed. A few buildings survived the war. The district was rebuilt after the war.
Modern Muranow is a unique district, not only from the Polish perspective, since it is the only housing estate in the world located — intentionally — on the rubble of the Warsaw Ghetto and built from this rubble. It is the only urban design from the 1950s of such a scale in the capital of Poland, whose architects, inspired mostly by pre-war modernism, also took a lot from socialist realism.
In April 2013, the Museum of History of Polish Jews was opened at 6 Anielewicza Street.
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