Paris and inner ring departements
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|• Mayor (2004–2008)||Patrick Jarry|
|Area1||12.19 km2 (4.71 sq mi)|
|• Density||7,500/km2 (19,000/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||92050 / 92000|
|Elevation||22–127 m (72–417 ft)
(avg. 30 m or 98 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.|
The eastern part of Nanterre, bordering the communes of Courbevoie and Puteaux, contains a small part of the La Défense business district of Paris and some of the tallest buildings in the Paris region. Because the headquarters of many major corporations are located in La Défense, the court of Nanterre is well known in the media for the number of high-profile lawsuits and trials that take place in it. The city of Nanterre also includes the Paris West University Nanterre La Défense, one of the largest universities in the Paris region.
The name of Nanterre originated before the Roman conquest of Gaul. The Romans recorded the name as Nemetodorum. It is composed of the Celtic word nemeto meaning "shrine" or "sacred place" and the Celtic word duron (neuter) "hard, tough, enduring". The sacred place referred to is supposed to have been a famous shrine that existed in antiquity.
Inhabitants of Nanterre are called Nanterriennes (feminine) and Nanterriens (masculine).
The sacred shrine of antiquity that is referred to entymologically had been placed by tradition in Mont-Valérien. However, archeologic discoveries made between 1994 and 2005 found a Gallic necropolis which has been dated to the third century BC, and also call into debate both the exact location of the pre-Roman capital of the Parisii and the initial site of Lutetia, the Roman era Paris. The large necropolis, as well as working people's homes from some time later in the ancient era, is near the bank of the Seine, in the northwest of Nanterre, and might be the sacred place that is being referred to entymologically. Lutetia is mentioned by Julius Caesar in 50 BCE, reporting an assembly in Lutetia in 53 BC between himself, commander of the Roman Legions, and local Gallic leaders. Although this had been thought to possibly be Île de la Cité, largely since Caesar mentions an island, the river at Nanterre follows two channels around an island. In 52 BC, the Parisii took up arms with the Gallic war leader Vercingetorix, and were defeated by Titus Labienus, one of Caesar's legates. Caesar mentions in his Commentarii that the Parisii destroyed the bridges and set fire to Lutetia before the arrival of the Roman forces. The archeological work in Nanterre has suggested over 15 hectares of pre-Roman or Roman era construction. These archeologic findings may be an indication that Nanterre was the closest pre-Roman settlement to the City's modern centre.
On 27 March 2002, Richard Durn, a disgruntled local activist, shot and killed eight town councilors and 14 others were wounded in what the French press dubbed the Nanterre massacre. On 28 March, the murderer killed himself by jumping from the 4th floor of the Quai des orfèvres, in Paris, while he was questioned by two policemen about the reason for his killing in the Nanterre City Hall.
Nanterre is divided into three cantons:
- Nanterre-Nord canton has a population of 33,173.
- Nanterre-Sud-Est canton has a population of 22,350.
- Nanterre-Sud-Ouest canton has a population of 28,758.
Nanterre – Université station is also an interchange station on the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare suburban rail line.
Senior high schools include:
- Lycée Joliot-Curie de Nanterre
- Lycée professionnel Louise-Michel
- Lycée professionnel Paul-Langevin
- Lycée professionnel Claude-Chappe
The rugby union club Racing 92, currently based in another Paris suburb, Colombes, are building a new stadium in Nanterre. The venue, scheduled to open in 2016, is tentatively known as Arena 92. It will have a capacity of 32,000 for rugby and 40,000 for concerts.
Twin towns – sister cities
Nanterre is twinned with:
- La Défense business district.
- List of tallest structures in Paris
- Communes of the Hauts-de-Seine department
- Nanterre et les Parisii. 
- Ancient and Medieval Paris: A Background to the Gothic era. Athena Review Vol.4 No.2 pages 22-26 
- Histoire et Histoires: Du 5ème Volume 1 Editions Depeyrot Paris 2014
- Catholic Encyclopedia St. Genevieve
- "Société Générale: deux tours à la Défense". Lejournaldunet.com. Retrieved July 7, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> (Archive)
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- "Legal notice." Louvre Hôtels. Retrieved on 27 June 2010.
- "Accueil" (Archive). Lycée Joliot-Curie de Nanterre. Retrieved on June 21, 2015.
- "Accueil." Lycée professionnel Paul-Langevin. Retrieved on June 22, 2015.
- "Accueil." Lycée professionnel Claude-Chappe. Retrieved on June 21, 2015.
- "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 2013-07-11.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Žilina - oficiálne stránky mesta: Partnerské mestá Žiliny [Žilina: Official Partner Cities]". © 2008 MaM Multimedia, s.r.o.. Retrieved 2008-12-11.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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