National Socialist Movement of Norway

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The National Socialist Movement of Norway (Norwegian: Norges Nasjonalsosialistiske Bevegelse, NNSB), formerly Zorn 88,[1] is a Norwegian national socialist, neo-Nazi[2] group with an estimated fifty members, led by Erik Rune Hansen.[3] Founded in 1988, it is a secretive group with tight membership regulation.[4]

The NNSB expresses admiration for Adolf Hitler and Vidkun Quisling,[5] and is focused on historical revisionism and antisemitism,[2] particularly Holocaust denial.[1] It publishes the magazine Gjallarhorn,[1] and in 1999 published The Protocols of the Elders of Zion.[6] Other recurrent topics include racial hygiene and Norse religion.[4] Several of its members were active Nazis and members of Nasjonal Samling during World War II.[2][3] The group has had ties to Erik Blücher and the magazine Folk og Land,[3] and to Varg Vikernes.[7] It has been part of international networks along with the World Union of National Socialists,[4] the National Socialist Movement of Denmark, the (now-defunct) Swedish National Socialist Front, and Blood & Honour.[8][9] Along with Scandinavian groups it has taken part in celebrations and memorials to Adolf Hitler and Rudolf Hess.[10]

In November 2007, a memorial ceremony at the German war cemetery in Oslo was attacked by anti-fascists, leaving five NNSB-members wounded, one severely.[11] The NNSB pledged that it had no intentions of retaliating the attack.[12]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Søderlind, Didrik (3 March 2005). "Holocaust-benektelse på norsk". forkning.no (in Norwegian). <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "nynazisme". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). 28 April 2015. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Nazisekt adresse Haugesund". Haugesunds Avis (in Norwegian). 10 April 2002. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Aller Ytterst – de rasistiske grupperinger i dagens Norge". Vepsen (in Norwegian). <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Nazi-miljø på Hadeland". NRK (in Norwegian). 23 October 2007. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Lunde, Henrik (6 October 2011). "Nynazisme". Norwegian Center for Studies of Holocaust and Religious Minorities (in Norwegian). <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Sort metall - hvite krigere". Monitor (in Norwegian). <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Norske nazi-forbindelser til bankranerne". VG (in Norwegian). 1 June 1999. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Fører i nytt nazi-nettverk?". VG (in Norwegian). 2 June 1999. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Samling under Blüchers vinger". Monitor (in Norwegian). <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "- Angrep med balltre og bajonetter". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). 11 November 2007. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Ventet på nazistene". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). 20 November 2007. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>