Nay Win Maung

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Nay Win Maung
File:Nay Win Maung.jpeg
Nay Win Maung speaks at a graduation ceremony in Yangon, Myanmar on 9 April 2011
Native name နေဝင်းမောင်
Born (1962-06-30)30 June 1962
Maymyo, Burma
Died 1 January 2012(2012-01-01) (aged 49)
Yangon, Myanmar
Resting place Yayway Cemetery, Yangon
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Nationality Burmese
Other names Ko Pauk, Pauk Pauk
Alma mater Institute of Medicine 1, Rangoon
Known for Founder of Living Colour Media Group and Myanmar Egress think-tank
Spouse(s) Win Kalyar Swe
Children 4 daughters(Kay Mar Maung) (Sandi Maung) (Eaindra Maung)(Nandi Aung)
Parent(s) Than Maung
Yin Yin

Nay Win Maung (Burmese: နေဝင်းမောင်; June 30, 1962 – January 1, 2012) was a Burmese physician, businessman and pro-democracy activist. Maung advocated a conciliatory approach toward Myanmar's ruling military junta, which seized power in 1988.[1] Maung argued that Burma could be moved towards democratization by working directly with the country's generals, rather than confronting them.[1] Maung sometimes took political positions which proved controversial among Burma's opposition leaders, who often viewed his ties to the military government with suspicion.[2] He stated that Aung San Suu Kyi should accept a new constitution written by the military as a token of goodwill.[1] He believed that Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy (NLD) should only contest half the parliamentary seats in the 2010 general election, arguing that a landslide win for the NLD would scare the Burmese rulers into holding onto power.[1][2] However, Maung heavily criticized the generals for rigging the 2010 general election when the extent of voter fraud became known.[1] (The NLD ultimately boycotted the election).[2]

Maung grew up in Maymyo (also called Pyin U Lwin), where his parents were history department faculty members at the Defence Services Academy.[3] From the 7th to 10th standards, he was selected as a Luyaygyun (လူရည်ချွန်), a nationally recognized well-rounded student. Maung attended a regional college, where he majored in Biology, before he was admitted into medical school. He graduated from the Institute of Medicine 1 in Rangoon (now Yangon) with a medical degree in 1987, after repeating his 2nd year.[3]

Maung did not ally himself with the National League for Democracy or its leader, Aung San Suu Kyi.[1] He died form alliances with other opposition figures, such as Zarganar.[1] Maung met with Aung San Suu Kyi in January 2011, shortly after her release from house arrest.[1]

Maung left Burma for four months in 2004 to attend the Yale World Fellows Program at Yale University in the United States, focusing on public policy.[1] In 2006, Nay founded Myanmar Egress, a civil society organizations with other intellectuals, which he hoped would thaw relations between the government and other pro-democracy activists.[1] Nay hoped Myanmar Egress, which was headquartered in a hotel in Yangon, to evolve into a Western-style economic and political think tank.[2] Under Nay, Myanmar Egress gave classes and seminars in business skills, economics, democracy, and entrepreneurship.[2] In 2008, Egress the relief effort in the aftermath of Cyclone Nargis, earning accolades from international and foreign relief organizations.[2]

In March 2011, Burmese President Thein Sein called for reforms and good governance in his inauguration speech, leading to a series of reforms throughout 2011 and 2012.[1] Maung, who had long advocated a conciliatory tone towards the generals, saw his ideas gain new prominence during the reform period and opposition leaders gradually warmed to his ideas.[1] The vice president of the Union of Myanmar Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Industry, Maung Maung Lay, who represents business interests, told the Wall Street Journal, "We thought that he was pro-government...{but} he seems to [have been] impartial" as reforms accelerated and progressed in Burma.[2]

Maung died from heart attack on January 1, 2012, at the age of 49. He was survived by his wife Win Kalyar Swe, and four daughters.[1][4] At his funeral, wreaths from both the ruling government's Minister of Industry and NLD leader Aung San Suu Kyi were placed next to each other.[1] Tributes from fellow pro-democracy activists, who had previously criticized his relations with the government, appeared in Twitter and Facebook.[2] Likewise, the government also praised his efforts. Ye Htut, a spokesperson for the Burmese Ministry of Information stated, "Now we are at the beginning of the democratization process and losing him at this stage is a great loss...He foresaw that the new constitution would bring political space for democratization and urged all stakeholders to participate in the 2010 elections, but few people believed him and attacked him."[2][5]

References

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 Bowman, Vicky (2012-01-03). "Dr Nay Win Maung: Activist who attempted to accelerate the pace of reform in Burma". The Independent. Retrieved 2012-01-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 Barta, Patrick (2012-01-03). "Activist Worked With Military Regime". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2012-01-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 Naing, Than (11 January 2012). "Eulogy for a childhood friend - Dr Nay Win Maung". Eleven News. Eleven Media Group. Retrieved 25 February 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Aung, Peter (1 January 2012). "Nay Win Maung dies of heart attack". Democratic Voice of Burma. Retrieved 25 February 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Paul Pasch: Dr. Nay Win Maung - A Man with a Vision and a Plan; https://www.facebook.com/NayWinMaung.Dr/posts/259051737496137, retrieved on February 11, 2012