The first castle in Neath was built in 1120, and was located west of the river near the Roman Fort of Nidum. When Richard I de Grenville (d.post 1142) founded Neath Abbey close by, he abandoned the castle, and it may have been used by the monks as a source of building material.
A second castle, in what is now the centre of the town, is first documented in 1183. It was destroyed in 1321 and rebuilt in 1377, and that is the time when the great gatehouse was built, which is the main surviving feature. The castle was in use until the 17th-century, and has been a recreational area for the town since the 18th-century. It is a Grade II* listed building.
- List of castles in Wales
- Castles in Great Britain and Ireland
- List of Scheduled Monuments in Neath Port Talbot
Neath castle, Glamorganshire.jpeg
Neath Castle, 1807, by artist Edward Dayes, 1763-1804, and engraver J. Storer, 1771-1837
Hendrik Frans de Cort - The Gnoll and Castle, Neath.jpg
The Gnoll and Castle, Neath, 1790-1810 by Hendrik Frans de Cort
Neath Castle, in Radnorshire i.e. Glamorganshire.jpeg
Neath Castle ca 1790, by Page
Neath Castle ca 1790
Neath Castle, 1811, by John George Wood (1768-1838)
A view of Neath with a castle in the foreground, 1836 by Peter DeWint (1784-1849)
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