Nebkaure Khety

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Template:Infobox pharaoh

Nebkaure Khety was a pharaoh of the 9th or 10th dynasty of Egypt, during the First Intermediate Period.


Many egyptologists assign Nebkaure to the 9th dynasty, possibly the fourth king (and the second king bearing the name Khety), just after Neferkare.[1][2][3] On the other hand, other scholars such as Jürgen von Beckerath believe instead that Nebkaure reigned during the subsequent 10th dynasty, possibly before Meryibre Khety.[4]

Practically nothing is known about the events of Nebkaure's reign; due to the contrasting opinions of scholars, even its datation is still difficult.

Revisionist historian David Rohl in his New Chronology, assumes that Nebkaure Khety was the pharaoh met by Abraham during the latter's stay in Egypt.


Like many of the kings who preceded or succeeded him, attestations of Nebkaure Khety are scant. On the Turin King List he was tentatively placed in the register 4.21. The only contemporary object bearing his cartouche is a weight made from red jasper which was unearthed by Flinders Petrie at Tell el-Retabah, a location along the Wadi Tumilat in the eastern Delta; this weight is now exhibited at the Petrie Museum (UC11782).[5][6]

The name of a king Nebkaure also appears on a late Middle Kingdom papyrus (Berlin 3023[4]) containing part of the well known and popular novel The Eloquent Peasant; it is very likely that the king Nebkaure who enjoyed the peasant's magniloquence so much was Nebkaure Khety indeed.[1][3][6]


  1. 1.0 1.1 William C. Hayes, in The Cambridge Ancient History, vol 1, part 2, 1971 (2008), Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-077915, p. 465.
  2. Nicolas Grimal, A History of Ancient Egypt, Oxford, Blackwell Books, 1992, p. 140.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Michael Rice, Who is who in Ancient Egypt, 1999 (2004), Routledge, London, ISBN 0-203-44328-4, pp. 5-6.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Jürgen von Beckerath, Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, 2nd edition, Mainz, 1999, p. 74.
  5. Nebkaure's weight UC11782 in the Petrie Museum
  6. 6.0 6.1 Alan Gardiner, Egypt of the Pharaohs. An introduction, Oxford University Press, 1961, p. 112.

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