Nederland, Colorado

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Town of Nederland, Colorado
Town
250px
Motto: "Life Is Better Up Here"[1]
Location in Boulder County and the state of Colorado
Location in Boulder County and the state of Colorado
Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Country United States
State Colorado
County Boulder County[2]
Incorporated (town) November 15, 1885[3]
Government
 • Type Statutory Town[2]
 • Mayor Joe Gierlach
Area
 • Total 1.6 sq mi (4.1 km2)
 • Land 1.5 sq mi (3.9 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation[4] 8,228 ft (2,508 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,445
 • Density 954/sq mi (368.4/km2)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code[5] 80466
Area code(s) 303
FIPS code 08-53175
GNIS feature ID 0204702
Website www.town.nederland.co.us

The Town of Nederland is a Statutory Town located near Barker Meadow Reservoir in the mountains of southwest Boulder County, Colorado, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 1,445.[6]

History

Gold was discovered in 1859, along Boulder Creek at the confluence of South Boulder and Beaver Creeks, called Deadwood Diggings, and six miles northeast, called Gold Run.[7]:19

Nederland was established in 1874.[8] The town started as a trading post between Ute Indians and European settlers during the 1850s. The town's first economic boom came when minerals such as tungsten, silver, and gold were discovered near Tungsten (east of Nederland), Caribou (northwest of Nederland, 1859), and Eldora (west of Nederland, 1875).

Today Nederland is better known as a gateway to outdoor recreation in the nearby Indian Peaks Wilderness, Rocky Mountain National Park, Roosevelt National Forest, and the recently established James Peak Wilderness. Nederland is located 17 miles (27 km) southwest of Boulder, 41 miles (66 km) south of Estes Park, and 47 miles (76 km) northwest of Denver.

Name origin

In the mid-19th century the first homesteaders gave a variety of names for the area. The town was first called Dayton, then Browns Crossing. In 1871, when the US Postal Service first set up an office, the name was changed to Middle Boulder after the creek that flows though the center of town (and continues eastward to become Boulder Creek).

In 1873 the Caribou Mine, at an elevation of roughly 10,000 feet (3,000 m) and 6 miles (10 km) northwest of the town, was sold to the Mining Company Nederland from the Netherlands.[9] The high elevation meant fierce winds and deep winter snow, so the new owners of the mine decided that it was beneficial to bring ore from Caribou down to Middle Boulder for milling. In the Dutch language, Nederland ("Netherlands" in English) means low land, and based on casual usage by the Dutch miners, Middle Boulder came to be known as Nederland. (This is ironic, considering that the town's elevation is higher than 8,000 feet (2,400 m) and most locations in the Netherlands are near or even below sea level.) In 1874 the town was incorporated and adopted Nederland as the official name.[10][11][12]

Geography

Nederland is located in southwest Boulder County at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. (39.961986, −105.510604).[13]

The elevation in the center of town is 8,234 feet (2,510 m) above sea level. Due west from the town is the Indian Peaks Wilderness within Roosevelt National Forest. The Continental Divide passes through the Wilderness 8 miles (13 km) west of Nederland.

The town of Nederland has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), of which 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) is land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km2), or 4.29%, is water,[6] consisting primarily of the west end of Barker Reservoir on Middle Boulder Creek.

Climate

Nederland has an alpine subarctic climate (Dfc) due to its high altitude, with warm summers and long cold winters.

Climate data for Nederland, Colorado
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 65
(18)
61
(16)
65
(18)
71
(22)
78
(26)
86
(30)
87
(31)
89
(32)
82
(28)
79
(26)
70
(21)
64
(18)
89
(32)
Average high °F (°C) 34.9
(1.6)
37.8
(3.2)
41.8
(5.4)
49.2
(9.6)
57.5
(14.2)
69.1
(20.6)
75.2
(24)
73.3
(22.9)
65.3
(18.5)
55.2
(12.9)
43.1
(6.2)
37.1
(2.8)
53.2
(11.8)
Average low °F (°C) 10.2
(−12.1)
12.9
(−10.6)
16.7
(−8.5)
22.7
(−5.2)
29.3
(−1.5)
37.1
(2.8)
42.6
(5.9)
41.2
(5.1)
33.8
(1)
25.3
(−3.7)
17.5
(−8.1)
12.5
(−10.8)
25.2
(−3.8)
Record low °F (°C) −30
(−34)
−30
(−34)
−30
(−34)
−10
(−23)
6
(−14)
14
(−10)
27
(−3)
19
(−7)
3
(−16)
−2
(−19)
−25
(−32)
−34
(−37)
−34
(−37)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.5
(13)
0.6
(15)
1.3
(33)
2.2
(56)
2.7
(69)
1.7
(43)
2.4
(61)
2.0
(51)
1.7
(43)
1.0
(25)
1.1
(28)
0.7
(18)
17.9
(455)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 13.3
(33.8)
13.1
(33.3)
23.9
(60.7)
24.3
(61.7)
12.2
(31)
1.8
(4.6)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
5.2
(13.2)
9.3
(23.6)
19.9
(50.5)
16.1
(40.9)
139.1
(353.3)
Average precipitation days 6 5 7 8 11 8 14 12 8 6 7 5 97
Source: Weatherbase[14]
Nederland, CO
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
0.5
 
 
35
10
 
 
0.6
 
 
38
13
 
 
1.3
 
 
42
17
 
 
2.2
 
 
49
23
 
 
2.7
 
 
58
29
 
 
1.7
 
 
69
37
 
 
2.4
 
 
75
43
 
 
2
 
 
73
41
 
 
1.7
 
 
65
34
 
 
1
 
 
55
25
 
 
1.1
 
 
43
18
 
 
0.7
 
 
37
13
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: Weatherbase

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 279
1910 446
1920 291 −34.8%
1930 285 −2.1%
1940 384 34.7%
1950 266 −30.7%
1960 272 2.3%
1970 492 80.9%
1980 1,212 146.3%
1990 1,099 −9.3%
2000 1,394 26.8%
2010 1,445 3.7%
Est. 2014 1,504 [15] 4.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]

As of the census[17] of 2010, there were 1,445 people, 657 households, and 349 families residing in the town. The population density was 954 people per square mile (368.4/km²). There were 749 housing units at an average density of 499.3 per square mile (192.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.5% White, 0.4% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.9% some other race, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.1% of the population.[18]

There were 657 households, of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18, 41.7% were headed by married couples living together, and 46.9% were non-families. Of all households, 32.6% were made up of individuals and 4.0% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19, and the average family size was 2.77.[18]

In the town the population was spread out with 19.8% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 34.5% from 25 to 44, 32.0% from 45 to 64, and 5.9% being 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.5 years. For every 100 females there were 107.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over there were 112.7 males.[18]

For the period 2007-2011, the estimated median income for a household in the town was $69,638, and the median income for a family was $90,329. Male full-time workers had a median income of $60,526 versus $65,052 for females. The per capita income for the town was $31,730. About 7.0% of families and 12.7% of the population were below the poverty line.[19] The median house or condo value in between 2007 and 2011 was estimated at $329,600.[20]

Arts and culture

Annual cultural events

Nederland hosts several major events every year, including the diverse NedFest (Nederland Music & Arts Festival), the historical Miners Day celebration, and the annual Frozen Dead Guy Days festival, all next to Barker Meadow Reservoir.

Frozen Dead Guy Days, which occurs every year in early March, commemorates a substandard attempt by Norwegian immigrant Trygve Bauge to practice cryonics on Bredo Morstoel, his deceased grandfather.[21] In addition to extensive local press, The New York Times covered the festival in 2011[22] and 2012.[23]

Notable people

Legalization of marijuana

On Tuesday, April 6, 2010, Nederland became the third community in Colorado (after Denver[28] and Breckenridge[29]) to legalize the sale, purchase, possession, consumption, and transportation, cultivation, manufacturing, dispensing of medical marijuana and its concentrates and related paraphernalia for persons 21 years of age and older.[30]

See also

References

  1. "Town of Nederland, Colorado Website". Town of Nederland, Colorado Website. Retrieved September 19, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Retrieved 2007-09-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Retrieved 2007-09-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "ZIP Code Lookup" (JavaScript/HTML). United States Postal Service. Retrieved November 25, 2007.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Nederland town, Colorado". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 27, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Voynick, S.M., 1992, Colorado Gold, Missoula: Mountain Press Publishing Company, ISBN 0878424555
  8. "About". nederlandco.org. Retrieved 2015-10-15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "How We Became Nederland". Town of Nederland. Retrieved September 14, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Profile for Nederland, Colorado". ePodunk. Retrieved September 19, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Nederland Area Chamber of Commerce". Nederlandchamber.org. Retrieved 2013-05-06.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "nederlandmuseums.org". nederlandmuseums.org. Retrieved 2013-05-06.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. "Nederland, Colorado Historical Weather". Weatherbase. Retrieved July 1, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Nederland town, Colorado". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 27, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP03): Nederland town, Colorado". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 27, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. "Selected Housing Characteristics: 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP04): Nederland town, Colorado". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 27, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. "About FDGD". Frozen Dead Guy Days. 2011-06-18. Retrieved 2013-05-06.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. Frozen Dead Guy Festival for Sale (the Man Himself Stays on Ice)
  23. Town Breathes Easier as Frozen Dead Guy and His Festival Stay Put
  24. "Kathy Butler's Bio". Retrieved August 4, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  25. "Timmy Duggan's Bio". Timmy Duggan's Bio. Retrieved September 19, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  26. "Ian MacGregor". Cycling Archives. Retrieved September 19, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  27. http://www.sports-reference.com/olympics/athletes/tr/ann-trombley-1.html
  28. O'Driscoll, Patrick (2005-11-03). "Denver OKs pot". USA Today.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  29. [1] Archived April 5, 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  30. Erica Meltzerdailycamera.com. "Nederland voters legalize pot, oust mayor - Boulder Daily Camera". Dailycamera.com. Retrieved 2013-05-06.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links