Nižní Lhoty

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Nižní Lhoty
Village
Nižní Lhoty, okres Frýdek-Místek.JPG
Flag of Nižní Lhoty
Flag
Coat of arms of Nižní Lhoty
Coat of arms
Nižní Lhoty is located in Czech Republic
Nižní Lhoty
Location in the Czech Republic
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Country Czech Republic
Region Moravian-Silesian
District Frýdek-Místek
First mentioned 1434
Government
 • Mayor Marie Gryžboňová Mališová
Area
 • Total 3.77 km2 (1.46 sq mi)
Elevation 359 m (1,178 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total 262
 • Density 69/km2 (180/sq mi)
Postal code 739 51
Website www.niznilhoty.cz

Nižní Lhoty (Polish: Ligota Dolna) is small village in the Frýdek-Místek District, Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has a population of 258 (2006). It lies on the Morávka River, in the historical region of Těšín Silesia.

History

Some sources state that the village was first mentioned in a Latin document of Diocese of Wrocław called Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis from around 1305 as item Rudgeri villa,[1][2][3] however it is very unlikely and disputed.[4][lower-alpha 1] Far more likely it was later mentioned in 1434 as Lhoty and in 1450 as Rozkowu Lhotu.[4][1] Later up the Morávka river the sister settlement of Vyšní Lhoty was established. They were then both mentioned in 1584 as Dolny neb Spodny Lhota (Nižní Lhoty) and Hornÿ Lhota (Vyšní Lhoty).[1]

Politically the village belonged initially to the Duchy of Teschen, formed in 1290 in the process of feudal fragmentation of Poland and was ruled by a local branch of Piast dynasty. In 1327 the duchy became a fee of Kingdom of Bohemia, which after 1526 became part of the Habsburg Monarchy. In 1573 it was sold as one of 16 villages and the town of Friedeck and formed a state country split from the Duchy of Teschen.[5]

After World War I and fall of Austria-Hungary it became a part of Czechoslovakia. In March 1939 it became a part of Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. After World War II it was restored to Czechoslovakia.

Notes

  1. This leaves the question what happened to Rudgeri villa, as it indeed lay somewhere in the vicinity but is now considered lost. It was probably absorbed by another nearby village, but not necessarily by Nižní Lhoty.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  2. Schulte, Wilhelm (1889). Codex Diplomaticus Silesiae T.14 Liber Fundationis Episcopatus Vratislaviensis (in Deutsch). Breslau.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis" (in Latina). Retrieved 13 July 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 Panic, Idzi (2010). Śląsk Cieszyński w średniowieczu (do 1528) (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 307. ISBN 978-83-926929-3-5. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Panic, Idzi (2011). Śląsk Cieszyński w początkach czasów nowożytnych (1528-1653) (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 224. ISBN 978-83-926929-5-9. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links