Nephew and niece

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A nephew is a son of one's sibling or half-sibling, and a niece is a daughter of one's sibling or half-sibling. Sons and daughters of siblings-in-law are also referred to as nephews and nieces respectively, even though there is no blood relation. The word nephew is derived from the French word neveu. Historically, a nephew was the logical recipient of his uncle's inheritance if there was no son or daughter. The term 'nepotism', meaning familial loyalty, comes from the Latin term for a nephew.

  • Nephew – son of one's brother/sister.
  • Niece – daughter of one's sister/brother.
  • Nibling – gender-neutral term for niece or nephew.[1]
  • Half-nephew – son of one's half-brother/half-sister.
  • Half-niece – daughter of one's half-brother/half-sister.
  • Nephew-in-law – son of one's sister-in-law/brother-in-law; husband of one's niece.
  • Niece-in-law – daughter of one's sister-in-law/brother-in-law; wife of one's nephew.
  • Step-nephew – son of one's stepbrother/sister, or stepson of one's brother/sister.
  • Step-niece – daughter of one's stepbrother/sister, or stepdaughter of one's brother/sister.
  • God-nephew - son of one's godbrother/sister, or godson of one's brother/sister.
  • God-niece - daughter of one's godbrother/sister, or goddaughter of one's brother/sister.
  • God-nephew-in-law - husband of one's god-niece.
  • God-niece-in-law - wife of one's god-nephew.
  • Half-nephew-in-law - husband of one's half-niece.
  • Half-niece-in-law – wife of one's half-nephew.
  • Step-nephew-in-law – husband of one's step-niece.
  • Step-niece-in-law – wife of one's step-nephew.
  • Great-nephew (also called "grand nephew") – son of one's nephew/niece, grandson of one's sister/brother.
  • Great-niece (also called "grand niece") – daughter of one's nephew/niece, granddaughter of one's sister/brother.
  • Great-nephew-in-law (also called "grand nephew-in-law") – husband of one's great-niece.
  • Great-niece-in-law (also called "grand niece-in-law") – wife of one's great-nephew.
  • Step-great-nephew – son of one's stepnephew/niece, or stepson of one's nephew/niece.
  • Step-great-niece – daughter of one's stepnephew/niece, or stepdaughter of one's nephew/niece.
  • God-great-nephew - son of one's godnephew/niece, or godson of one's nephew/niece.
  • God-great-niece - daughter of one's godnephew/niece, or goddaughter of one's nephew/niece.
  • Step-great-nephew-in-law – husband of one's step-great-niece.
  • Step-great-niece-in-law – wife of one's step-great-nephew.
  • God-great-nephew-in-law - husband of one's god-great-niece.
  • God-great-niece-in-law - wife of one's god-great-nephew.
  • Half-great-nephew – son of one's half-nephew/niece.
  • Half-great-niece – daughter of one's half-nephew/niece.
  • Half-great-nephew-in-law – husband of one's half-great-niece.
  • Half-great-niece-in-law – wife of one's half-great-nephew.
  • Cousin-nephew – son of one's first cousin (i.e., a first-cousin-once-removed who is male and in the younger generation).
  • Cousin-niece – daughter of one's first cousin (i.e., a first-cousin-once-removed who is female and in the younger generation).

In some cultures and family traditions, it's common to refer to one's first cousin once removed (the child of one's cousin), as a niece or nephew. In archaic terminology, a maternal nephew is called a sister-son, emphasizing the importance as a person's nearest male relative should he have no brothers or sons of his own. The term is used to describe some knights who are nephews to King Arthur and is imitated by J. R. R. Tolkien, especially in lists of Kings of Rohan or dwarves where the sister-son is also heir. Sister-daughter is a less common parallel term for niece.

See also


  1. Conklin, Harold C., "Ethnogenealogical Method", in Explorations in Cultural Anthropology: Essays in Honor of George Peter Murdock, W. H. Goodenough, ed., McGraw-Hill, New York, 1964

External links

  •  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). [ "Nephew" ] Check |ws link in chapter= value (help). Encyclopædia Britannica. 19 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  •, "nephew," in Unabridged. Source location: Random House, Inc. Available: Retrieved: January 1, 2011