Ninja in popular culture

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File:Himeji Oshiro Matsuri August09 349.jpg
People dressed as ninja during the Himeji Castle Festival in Himeji, Hyōgo, Japan in 2009

A ninja is a stock character in Japanese and international popular culture. The cultural references listed below are separated by category: anime, armed groups, internet, literature, music, novels, other, products, sports, television and tourism. Live-action films and video games are discussed in separate articles.


Ninja killing a snake with a sword
Jiraiya battles a snake with the help of a toad; woodblock print on paper by Utagawa Kuniyoshi, about 1843

Depictions of fictional ninja range from realistic to exaggerated.[citation needed] Fictional ninja wear masks and bodysuits of various colors, wield katanas, use ninjutsu techniques and supernatural powers, and are organized into clans.[citation needed] Although they are often depicted as invincible when they are the heroes of a story, ninja may also be used as cannon fodder to be dispatched by a story's protagonist.[citation needed]

File:Kyushu ninja association.JPG
Members of Kyushu Ninja Preservation Society, 2012

In modern Japan, ninja are seen as a national myth that stems from a combination of old folk tales and modern day popular culture.[1] Ninja are popular characters in Japanese folklore, jidaigeki literature and the performing arts;[citation needed] Ishikawa Goemon was the subject of a number of kabuki plays, and Sarutobi Sasuke has appeared in Japanese children's stories since the early 20th century.

The first major appearance of ninja in Western pop culture was a secret commando force used by Japanese intelligence in the 1967 James Bond film You Only Live Twice.[citation needed] The 1960s TV series The Samurai sparked interest in ninja among young Australian viewers, but ninja were unnoticed in other Western countries until later.[citation needed] Western interest in ninja increased during the 1980s, particularly in the United States where several American ninja movies starring Sho Kosugi were released early in the decade, contributing to worldwide "ninja-mania".[citation needed] Later ninja-themed international hit media franchises include the 1980s Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles franchise and the late 1990s Naruto manga and anime series.[2][3]


Anime and manga

The following manga and anime series feature ninja:

File:Sai cosplay.jpg
A cosplay of Naruto character Sai

Sanpei Shirato has written ninja-themed manga, including Akame – The Red Eyes,[18] Band of Ninja (Ninja Bugeicho) (later adapted into an anime film),[19] Kaze no Ishimaru,[20] Ninpou Hiwa, Ookami Kozou, Ninja Senpuu, The Legend of Kamui and Watari (later adapted into the live-action film, Watari, the Ninja Boy).[21]

Although the following stories feature a ninja character, they are not ninja-themed:

Supporting ninja appearances include Ah! Itoshi no Banchousama (Hirayama Hayaka's ninja bodyguard), Bobobo-bo Bo-bobo (OVER's Ninja Assassin Corp and the Ultimate Five Assassins), Code Geass (Sayoko Shinozaki), Cutey Honey, Dinosaur King (episode "Ninja Nightmare"),[24] F-Zero: GP Legend (Dream), Hero Tales, Hunter x Hunter (Hanzo and Machi), Hyper Police (Kasumi), Kamen no Maid Guy (ninja maids Shizuku and Tsurara), King Arthur, Kinnikuman (the Ninja), Kirby: Right Back at Ya! (Kirby becomes a ninja and works with Benikage and Yamikage in the episode "Visiting Ninja, Benikage!"), Kotetsu no Daibouken (Kagari), Lone Wolf and Cub, Machine Robo: Battle Hackers, Magical Nyan Nyan Taruto (Rakugan), Magical Princess Minky Momo ("Ninja Arrived! Momo is Ninja"), Mega Man Star Force (the Tribe-On transformation Green Ninja), Metal Fighter Miku ("Pretty Four vs The Lady Ninjas"), Miami Guns, My-HiME/My-Otome (Akira Okuzaki), Nagasarete Airantou (Mikoto),[25] Oh My Goddess! (Marller's ninja trio), Planetes (Tanabe's neighbors in "The Lunar Flying Squirrels"),[26] the Pokémon series and Pokémon: The Electric Tale of Pikachu (Aya, Koga-Kyō and Janine-Anzu), PQ Angels, Raimuiro Ryuukitan X (Kasuri Hattori),[27] Ranma 1/2 (Konatsu, Sasuke Sarugakure, and Shirokuro), Saber Marionette, Sailor Moon (the villain of the week Oniwabandana[28]), Sakura Wars, Samurai Champloo ("Bogus Booty" and "Baseball Blues"), Samurai Girl: Real Bout High School, Sengoku Collection (Kotaro Fuuma), Sonic X (the E-91 Lady Ninja and Espio the Chameleon), Sorcerer Hunters, The King of Braves GaoGaiGar (Yūsha Ō GaoGaiGā) (Volfogg), Those Who Hunt Elves, Tower of Etruria (Palmyra),[29] Ultraman (Alien Baltan), Yami to Bōshi to Hon no Tabibito, Yakitate! Japan ("Nin Nin Nin!! My Way of Ninja!"), Yoshimune (Kunoichi), YuYu Hakusho (Team Shadow Channelers).

Armed groups

Several paramilitary, police and militia groups use the names (or nickname) "Ninja" or "Ninjas":



Video games

In addition to video games, several game-development companies use "ninja" in their name such as Ninja Studio, Ninja Theory, Ninjaforce,[39] NinjaKiwi,[40] and Team Ninja.

In massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs) "ninja", "loot ninja" or "ninja looter" describes a player who has stolen something from another player. This is pejorative; if a player is called a "ninja" in a game they may be rejected by the community and find it difficult to join guilds or raid parties.[41]

Traditional games

There are several ninja-themed role-playing games (RPGs):

Ninja ara also featured in collectible card games, such as Legend of the Five Rings CCG, Magic: The Gathering (where the ability Ninjutsu was introduced in the set Betrayers of Kamigawa[54]) and Mortal Kombat Kard Game, and in some miniature wargaming games, such as Heroscape.[55]


Ninja-themed websites include:

In information technology, "cyber ninja" are sophisticated counter-hackers.[60]



Ninja-themed novels include:

Ninja have minor roles in Shōgun, Thief of Time, Vineland,[67] and the Young Samurai series.

Non-Japanese comics

Psylocke cosplayer, 2014

In the Marvel Universe ninja have appeared as both heroes and villains. Examples include Spider-Man's foe White Ninja,[68] X-Men members Psylocke and Revanche, along with supporting character Yukio, Ghost Rider's foes Deathwatch and Death Ninja,[69] Wolverine's mentor Ogun, Hawkeye (as Ninja Ronin), the Punisher's friend Katherine Yakamoto (from Shadowmasters),[70][unreliable source?] and Pacific Overlords operative Kuroko (Aya Komatsu). In the Marvel Mangaverse, Spider-Man is the last member of a ninja clan. A sinister ninja cult, the Hand, appears in X-Men and Daredevil. The cult and its associates were responsible for the martial training of Psylocke, Elektra, Daredevil, Black Tarantula, Kitty Pryde, Lady Bullseye and Wolverine. The Hand's heroic counterpart is The Chaste, which struggles with its Korean offshoot the True Believers,[71] including Dragonfly (Meiko Yin).[72] Characters with ninja abilities also appear in the DC Universe; one is martial artist and assassin Lady Shiva, who kills Armless Master. DC's The New 52 relaunch introduced the character Kunoichi, a member of the Blackhawks.

Characters with the sort of mystical and superhuman martial arts abilities attributed to the ninja occur in the DC Universe. One character who is portrayed in a fashion similar to a ninja is master martial artist and assassin Lady Shiva; Shiva also killed Armless Master, who had trained both Catwoman and Hellhound. The fourth Batgirl, Cassandra Cain, also has the qualities of the Western perception of a ninja (there is also a book titled Batman and the Ninja). The retconned stealth and martial arts training of the recent Batman incarnations has led many latter day Batman fans to assume that Batman is a ninja; Ra's Al Ghul specifically mentions ninja during his training of Bruce Wayne. One alternative-universe comic even substitutes Batman with a Japanese female ninja named Komori (Bat).[73] One alternative version of Robin has him named Tengu and raised by Cat-Ninja (Catwoman) in feudal Japan.

In the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (TMNT) series, all four main characters and many of their friends and foes are ninja, mostly from the Foot Clan (a pastiche of Marvel's group The Hand), including Donatello, Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael, Splinter, Shredder and Karai. The franchise achieved a high popularity, resulting in a franchise of multiple films, television series, video games, and a wide range of toys and other merchandise.

The comic version of G.I. Joe has featured ninja far more than the cartoon series, and many story arcs revolved around Scarlett, Snake Eyes, Storm Shadow, Jinx, Kamakura, Firefly and the Arashikage ninja clan (which consisted of an extended family of ninja characters never featured in the toy line or cartoon). Other characters in the comic who received ninja training from the Arashikage clan and their associates were Cobra Commander's son Billy Kessler and the shape-shifter Zartan.

Other ninja-themed comics include:

Less notable or short-lived titles include Codename: Ninja,[84] Corporate Ninja,[85][unreliable source?] Savage Ninja,[86][unreliable source?] Surban Jersey Ninja She-Devils,[87][unreliable source?] and Zombee.[88] The Amelia Rules! series included A Very Ninja Christmas.

Ninja have supporting roles in Chastity, G.I. Combat (Kana[89][unreliable source?]), Karate Kommandos,[90] Lucha Libre (the Pom Pom Ninjas),[91][unreliable source?] Les Naufragés d'Ythaq, Masters of the Universe (Ninjor),[92] Rebirth (the hero's ally, Eiji Inaba),[93] Sam Noir (villains),[94] Scott Pilgrim (Roxanne "Roxie" Richter), Spike: Shadow Puppets, Sonic the Hedgehog (Uma Arachnis and the Arachne), The Order of the Stick (Therkla and others), The Tick (Oedipus),[95] Usagi Yojimbo (ninja of the Neko,[96] Mogura and Komori clans, including Kashira Chizu),[97] Y: The Last Man (Toyota).[98][unreliable source?]


Several musicians and bands have the word "ninja" in their names:

Shadow Warriors, a side project of guitarist Sam Totman of British metal band DragonForce, utilizes ninja-related themes in their music. Their EP Power of the Ninja Sword was released in 2001.[100][unreliable source?]

A number of titles use the word "ninja" or "kunoichi":

The bands 7 Seconds of Love, Concord Dawn (in Uprising), Europe (in The Final Countdown), ICP (in Tunnel of Love) and Jay Chou have songs entitled "Ninja". GO!GO!7188 and Afrirampo each have a song entitled "Kunoichi" (on Ryūzetsuran and A', respectively).

Songs with "ninja" in their title include "Deadly Lethal Ninja Assassin" by Reuben (on We Should Have Gone To University), "Hoodie Ninja" by mc chris (on mc chris is dead), "Imaginary Ninjas" by Vince Dicola (on Falling off a Clef), "Inner Ninja" by Classified (on Classified),[103] "Ninja Goon" by Gruvis Malt (on Sound Soldiers), "Ninja Hi-skool" by Bis (on Play Some Real Songs: the Live Album), "We Are Ninja" by Frank Chickens (on We Are Frank Chickens), "Ninja Highschooool" by Peelander-Z (on P-Pop-High School), "Ninja Rap" by Vanilla Ice (on the TMNT II soundtrack), "Ninja Step" by RZA (on the Ghost Dog: The Way of the Samurai soundtrack), "Ninja Quiet" by Marco Beltrami (on World War Z: Music from the Motion Picture), "Supa Ninjaz" by Method Man (on The Pillage), and "This Secret Ninja" by AFI (on Very Proud of Ya).

Ninja are featured in the music video for the Presidents of the United States of America's song "Peaches". The singer Cheryl Cole dressed as female ninja and performed with a group of similarly-themed dancers in the TV special Cheryl Cole's Night In.[107] Members of the girls band Momoiro Clover Z dressed up as ninja for the music video for the single D' no Junjō.[108] Rika Adachi performed a in a live-action music video based on an opening song from Naruto.[109]


NINJA loan is a slang name for a type of subprime loan to someone with "No Income, No Job, or Assets".[citation needed] The so-called ninja miners are Mongolian miners that dig small unauthorised mines for gold.[citation needed] According to data compiled by, there was 7,000 percent growth in the number of job listings that include the term "ninja" over the period of 2006-2012.[110]

Sometimes, petty criminals are nicknamed as "ninja", such as in the case of the so-called "ninja murders".[citation needed] For example, an American burglar reported to have used a nunchaku on one of his victims was known by the media as the "Staten Island Ninja",[citation needed] while a former Russian soldier who engaged in robberies in Italy using a black attire and a bow was called "Russian ninja" by the media.[111] "Ninja rocks" is also a type of burglary tools.[citation needed]

There have been various theatrical shows in Japan, for example an adaptation of the video game series Tenchu.[112] In 2006, Miss Japan Kurara Chibana appeared in a ninja/samurai-style national costume during the Miss Universe competition.[113][114] Goth Ninja is a type of Japanese street fashion which became popular in 2009.[115]


Products named for ninja include:

  • Ninja-IDE, a cross-platform integrated development environment.
  • Fuwa Maru, "ninja snacks" by Tohato.[116]
  • The Lego Ninja Lego bricks, succeeded by LEGO Ninjago.
  • Lego Minifigures Series 1 includes a ninja mini-figure.
  • Liquid Ninja, an energy drink[117]
  • N.I.N.J.A. MITES, an Italian bootleg keshi.
  • Ninja, a series of sport bikes by Kawasaki.
  • Ninja, a brand of food processors manufactured by Euro-Pro.[118]
  • Ninja, a brand of web tools.[119]
  • Ninja 4WD, a competition buggy by Tokyo Marui.
  • Ninja Blocks, a sensor-control system.[120]
  • Ninja Paintball, a brand of paintball accessories.[121]
  • Nodal Ninja, a photographic-equipment manufacturer.[122]
  • Stage Ninja, a brand of music accessories.[123]

Other products are CardNinja, a wallet phone case;[124] Majestouch NINJA Tenkeyless, a computer keyboard from Diatec Corp;[125] Modela Ninja Pibow, an enclosure for the Raspberry Pi computer;[126] Ninja Driver, a USB stick wrap;[127] Ninja Flex, a type of safety glove;[128] NINJA Plus, a CPU cooler by the Japanese company Scythe;[129] Ninja Remote, a television-control device and IR jammer;[130] and SwimmingNinja, a swimbait lure.[131]

In software, CartNinja is a browser application,[132] Ninja Email Security is the former name of the VIPRE Email Security for Exchange antivirus and antispam filter,[133][134] Ninja Lite is a video telephony program,[135] and Photo Ninja is a RAW converter program.[136]





Television series

Non-anime, ninja-themed TV series include:

Ninja-themed Super Sentai and Power Rangers shows include Ninja Sentai Kakuranger, Ninpū Sentai Hurricaneger, and Shuriken Sentai Ninninger; footage of Kakuranger was used in season three of Mighty Morphin Power Rangers while Hurricaneger was adapted into Power Rangers Ninja Storm. Ninja villains also appear in other Super Sentai series, such as GoGo Sentai Boukenger (Negative Syndicate's Dark Shadow clan: Gekkou, Yaiba and Shizuka), Power Rangers: Operation Overdrive (Miratrix and some other of Kamdor's henchmen), Hyakujuu Sentai Gaoranger (Ninja Org Duke Dorodoro; Onikage in Power Rangers: Wild Force), Kyōryū Sentai Zyuranger (Dora Ninja; Dark Warrior in Mighty Morphin Power Rangers season one), Denkou Choujin Gridman (Shinobilar), and Mahou Sentai Magiranger (Kirikage).

In live-action television series, ninja characters appeared in Arrow ("League of Assassins"), Baretta ("The Ninja"), Big Wolf on Campus ("Play It Again, Samurai"), Castle ("The Way of the Ninja"), Charmed ("Awakened"), Criminal Minds ("True Night"), Danger Theatre ("Lethal Luau"), Dude, What Would Happen ("Ninja Slicing"), Knight Rider (1982) ("Knight of the Rising Sun"), Kyojuu Tokusou Juspion (the Five Space Ninjas), Kung Fu ("The Assassin"), Loiter Squad, Lost Girl ("Big in Japan"), Magnum P.I. ("The Arrow That is Not Aimed"), Mito Kōmon (Tsuge no Tobizaru and Kagerō Ogin), Mortal Kombat: Konquest (alternative versions of Kitana, Mileena, Reptile, Scorpion and Sub-Zero), My Name is Earl ("Creative Writing"), Quincy, M.E. ("Touch of Death"), She Spies ("Fondles"), Shōgun,[152] Simon & Simon ("Opposites Attack"), Space Sheriff Shaider (Girls' Army), That '70s Show ("Jackie Moves On"), The Greatest American Hero ("Thirty Seconds Over Little Tokyo"), Verbotene Liebe.

In non-anime cartoon series, ninja characters appeared in The Adventures of Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius ("Crouching Jimmy, Hidden Sheen"), Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog ("Robo-Ninja"), The Adventures of Super Mario Bros. 3 ("Sneaky Lying Cheating Giant Ninja Koopas"), American Dragon: Jake Long (Huntsman and Rose), Batman Beyond (Curaré of the League of Assassins[153]), Batman: The Animated Series (Kyodai Ken in the episodes "Night of the Ninja" and "Day of the Samurai"[154]), Beware the Batman ("Family" and "Sacrifice"), Black Dynamite ("Just Beat It or Jackson Five Across Yo' Eyes"),[155] Chop Socky Chooks (Ninja Chimps),[156] Karate Kommandos (Super Ninja), Code Monkeys ("Revenge of Matsui"), Codename: Kids Next Door (Teen Ninjas), Conan the Adventurer ("Shadow Walkers",[157] "Dragon's Breath" and "Sword, Sai and Shuriken"), Danny Phantom (Bertrand), Digimon Data Squad (Falcomon), Eon Kid (Black Beauty and her ninja robot army), Family Guy (in "Wasted Talent" and "I Take Thee Quagmire"), Happy Tree Friends (Generic Tee Ninjas), Jackie Chan Adventures (the Shadowkhan), Johnny Test (one of Johnny's transformation is Ninja Johnny), Kim Possible (the Yamanouchi ninja school), The Legend of Prince Valiant ("The Ghost"),[158] The Legend of Zelda (Sing), The Penguins of Madagascar ("Mental Hen/Siege the Day" and "Street Smarts/Nighty Night Ninja"), Phineas and Ferb ("What a Croc!/Ferb TV"), Planet Sketch (Ninja Handyman),[159] The Real Adventures of Jonny Quest ("Night of the Zinja"),[160] Robot Chicken, Road Rovers ("Let Sleeping Dogs Lie"), Samurai Jack ("Samurai versus Ninja"), The Simpsons (in "The Telltale Head" Bart Simpson disguises as a ninja; in "Treehouse of Horror XVIII" one of the aliens is dressed as a ninja, in "Husbands and Knives" the Comic Book Guy has ninja weapons, and in "Yokel Chords" Bart plays a spoof video game with a female ninja), Skunk Fu (Ninja Monkeys), South Park ("Good Times with Weapons" and "Fantastic Easter Special"), Stroker and Hoop ("Ninja Worrier" and "Chopping Spree"),[161] Superman: The Animated Series (Death Fist Ninja), Teen Titans (in "Masks", Beast Boy has a video game "Super Ninja Showdown 8"), The Transformers (Greatshot, Nightbird and Prowl), The Venture Bros. (Otaku Senzuri), Wolverine and the X-Men, Xiaolin Showdown (Tubbimura).

There are also a number of television series which have featured characters that are mistaken for ninja, or are merely characters dressed in ninja-like costumes (usually done as a spoof). In Chuck (the pilot episode "Chuck vs the Intersect", 2007), Sarah is dressed in a ninja-like costume for one scene. In Hill Street Blues (episode "Look Homeward, Ninja", 1986), a mentally unstable character believes himself to be a ninja and dresses as a ninja in one scene. In Knight Rider (2008 TV series) (episode "Knight Fever", 2008), so-called "motorcycle ninja" are merely wearing ninja-like black hoods under their helmets. Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman (episode "Chi of Steel") (1995) features a Chinese Yi Chi Master who wears mystical bracelets and is dressed in a ninja-like costume. In MacGyver (episode "Murderers' Sky", 1988), the opening scene features a character dressed in a ninja-like costume. In Perfect Strangers (episode "Karate Kids", 1987), Balki dresses as a ninja in a spoof of the Cato surprise attack scenes in the Pink Panther movies. Murdoch Mysteries (episode "Kung Fu Crabtree", 2014) also features Chinese assassins dressed in black-hooded garb and who wield Chinese broadswords.


Ninja Warrior (Sasuke) and Women of Ninja Warrior (Kunoichi) are two Japanese sports entertainment shows that are featuring (respectively) male and female competitors on an obstacle course. In the Prank Patrol shows, "ninja" are the show helpers setting up the pranks.

Shows that featured ninja characters of motifs include American Idol (contestant Danny Noriega, a self-proclaimed "sexy intense ninja pickle"), Big Brother Australia (the people who have to enter the house would to do things such as maintenance are referred to, even by Big Brother himself, as "ninja"; on the Friday Night Live show, the "ninja" are much more prominent, are given personalities and have segments dedicated to them), Cheat! (episode "Cheat-jitsu"), Deadliest Warrior (in one episode a ninja fights against a Spartan), Gamers, In Living Color (an episode features a skit about a ninja home security system in which a ninja was used to kill intruders), Late Night with Conan O'Brien (Conan and Jim Carrey fight ninja), The Lance Krall Show, The Late Late Show with Craig Ferguson (Craig Ferguson fights a ninja), MadTV (in some of their Steven Seagal parodies), Mystery Science Theater 3000 (an episode features Joel and the 'bots singing a song called "Master Ninja Theme Song", which became a popular song from the show), Mythbusters (a ninja special of the show tests classic ninja myths such as walking on water, catching a sword and catching an arrow), Screen Test, Splatalot! (Shaiden), You Don't Know Jack (in one episode the host was attacked by ninja).

Ninja appeared in television advertisements for Alior Sync bank,[162] Anime Network,[163] Bombay Sapphire,[164] Clamato,[165] FedEx,[166] Free Realms,[167] Honda Civic Si,[168] Mitsubishi UFJ Securities,[169],[170] Nicorette,[171] Nike,[172] Nintendo Wi-Fi Connection,[173] Oregon Lottery,[174] Pepsi,[175] Pop-Tarts,[176] and Sure.[177][178]

Tourism and other business

Iga Railway Line ninja-themed trains in Mie Prefecture, Japan in 2010

Iga Ueno Ninja Festa, the annual ninja festival in the Japanese city of Iga in the former province of Iga, has had ninja-inspired performances, competitions and opportunities to practice ninja skills since 1964.[180] Iga also has the Iga-ryu Ninja Museum, ninja-style restaurants and cafes.[1] In the United States, ninja-themed restaurants include Ninja New York in New York City[181] and the Flying Ninja sushi bar in San Francisco.[182][unreliable source?] There are American roller coasters named Ninja in California and The Ninja in Missouri.

Other ninja attractions in Japan[1][183][184] include the Koga Ninja Village[185] and Kogaryu Ninjutsu Yashiki (Ninja Houses)[186] in Koga-gun, Shiga Prefecture, the Togakushi Ninja Village for Children,[187] the Togakushi Ninpo Museum and Karakuri Yashiki (Ninja House)[188] in Togakushi, Nagano, the Edo Wonderland[189] theme park in Nikkō, Tochigi, restaurants Men no Sato[190] and Ninja Akasaka in Tokyo,[191] and Ninja Kyoto in Kyoto.[192][193]

Businesses include Ninja Jump, an American company producing licensed inflatables;[194] Web Ninja, an Australian e-commerce website-design team;[195] Ninja Message, an Australian direct-to-voicemail service;[196] Ninja Tracking Systems, a British GPS developer;[197] Ninja Polish, an online nail-polish retailer;[198] Ninja Pyrate, a fire show equipment workshop;[199] Crystal Ninja, a crystal design studio;[200] Lactose Ninja, a manufacturer of lactose-intolerance remedies[201] and the Ninja Company, a Eurasian toy manufacturer.[202]

See also


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External links