No. 157 Squadron RAF
|No. 157 Squadron RAF|
|Active||14 Jul 1918 – 1 Feb 1919
15 Dec 1941 – 16 Aug 1945
|Branch||Royal Air Force|
|Motto||Our cannon speak our thoughts|
|Vashon James 'Pop' Wheeler|
|Squadron Badge heraldry||A lion rampant chequy
"The lion in the squadron's badge denotes fighting power and the black and white check the squadron's day and night capability"
|Squadron Codes||RS (Dec 1941 - Aug 1945)|
Formation and World War I
No. 157 Squadron Royal Air Force formed on 14 July 1918 at RAF Upper Heyford and was eventually equipped with Sopwith TF.2 Salamander aircraft for ground support duties, but disbanded on 1 February 1919 without becoming operational.
Reformation in World War II
The squadron reformed in December 1941 at RAF Debden as a night fighter unit and was eventually equipped with the latest Mosquito night-fighter aircraft at RAF Castle Camps. The squadron flew patrols over East Anglia and by July 1943, after moving to RAF Hunsdon, began intruder attacks on German fighter bases with its new Mosquito Mk VIs. In November 1943 it moved to RAF Predannack in Cornwall, closer to the German bases. In March 1944 it moved to RAF Valley and flew defensive patrols over the Irish Sea. In May 1944 it moved back to East Anglia, receiving Mosquito Mk XIXs and supporting bomber streams as part of No. 100 Group RAF. It disbanded on 16 August 1945 at RAF Swannington.
|November 1918||February 1919||Sopwith Salamander|
|January 1942||June 1944||de Havilland Mosquito||Mk.II|
|July 1943||April 1944||de Havilland Mosquito||Mk.VI|
|May 1944||May 1945||de Havilland Mosquito||Mk.XIX|
|February 1945||August 1945||de Havilland Mosquito||Mk.XXX|
|14 July 1918||1 February 1919||RAF Upper Heyford, Oxfordshire|
|13 December 1941||17 December 1941||RAF Debden, Essex|
|17 December 1941||15 March 1943||RAF Castle Camps, Cambridgeshire|
|15 March 1943||13 May 1943||RAF Bradwell Bay, Essex|
|13 May 1943||9 November 1943||RAF Hunsdon, Hertfordshire|
|9 November 1943||26 March 1944||RAF Predannack, Cornwall|
|26 March 1944||7 May 1944||RAF Valley, Anglesey, Wales|
|7 May 1944||21 July 1944||RAF Swannington, Norfolk|
|21 July 1944||28 August 1944||RAF West Malling, Kent|
|28 August 1944||16 August 1945||RAF Swannington, Norfolk|
|December 1941||January 1943||W/Cdr. R.G. Slade|
|January 1943||August 1943||W/Cdr. V.J. Wheeler, MC, DFC|
|August 1943||March 1944||W/Cdr. J.A. Mackie|
|March 1944||June 1944||W/Cdr. H.D.U. Denison|
|June 1944||September 1944||W/Cdr. W.K. Davison|
|September 1944||August 1945||W/Cdr. K.H.P. Beauchamp, DSO, DFC|
- Rawlings 1978, p. 297.
- Halley 1988, p. 229.
- Bowyer & Rawlings 1979, p. 91.
- Flintham & Thomas 2003, p. 105.
- Jefford 2001, p. 66.
- Rawlings 1978, pp. 297-298.
- Rawlings 1978, p. 298.
- Bowyer, Chaz. Mosquito Squadrons of the Royal Air Force. Shepperton, Surrey: Ian Allan Ltd., 1984. ISBN 0-7110-1425-6.
- Bowyer, Michael J.F. and John D.R. Rawlings. Squadron Codes, 1937-56. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-85059-364-6.
- Flintham, Vic and Andrew Thomas. Combat Codes: A full explanation and listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied air force unit codes since 1938. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 2003. ISBN 1-84037-281-8.
- Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918-88. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
- Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE,BA,RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
- Rawlings, John D.R. Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 2nd edition 1976 (reprinted 1978). ISBN 0-354-01028-X.
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