No. 295 Squadron RAF
|No. 295 Squadron RAF|
|Active||3 August 1942 – 21 January 1946
21 January 1946 – 31 March 1946
10 September 1947 – 31 October 1948
|Branch||Royal Air Force|
|Role||Airborne forces and Transport|
|Part of||No 38 Group RAF|
|Motto||Latin: In caelo auxilium
(Translation: "Aid from the skies")
|Squadron Badge heraldry||A hand manacled and couped at the wrist holding a sword in its scabbard in bend sinister|
|Squadron Codes||PX (Aug 1942 – Nov 1943)
8Z (Nov 1943 – Jan 1946 ('A' Flt))
8E (Feb 1944 – Jan 1946 ('B' Flt))
No 295 Squadron RAF was an airborne forces and transport squadron of the Royal Air Force during World War II. It was the first unit to be equipped with the Armstrong Whitworth Albemarle transport and glider tug aircraft.
With the Airborne Forces
No. 295 Squadron was formed on 3 August 1942 at RAF Station Netheravon as an airborne forces unit, equipped with Whitley Mk.Vs. These were from November 1942 used in leaflet dropping mission over France, supplemented in February 1943 with Halifax Mk.Vs, which they used in Operation Beggar. By October 1943 the squadron converted to the Albemarle Mk.I. With these aircraft the squadron shared – with 570 sqn.- the honour of being the first to drop troops over Normandy on the eve of D-Day, while other aircraft of the squadron towed gliders to the landing zones.
In early October 1944, Short Stirlings of the RAF's No 295 Squadron took up residence at RAF Station Rivenhall, with most of its operations consisting of supply drops to Norwegian resistance forces and similar activities over the Netherlands and Denmark. The last assault action with the Stirlings was on 24 March 1945, when the unit took part in Operation Varsity, the crossing of the Rhine. The Stirlings further provided service carrying troops to Norway to disarm the Germans there when the war was over. The squadron was disbanded at RAF Station Rivenhall on 21 January 1946, whereupon the station was held on a care and maintenance basis.
With Transport Command
On that same day 190 squadron was renumbered to 295 squadron as a Transport Squadron (Rawlings claims 1 February, and does not mention the renumbering), flying Halifaxes of the A.7 type. It was soon disbanded however, on 31 March 1946 at RAF Station Tarrant Rushton, the same airfield where it had been reformed, and renumbered to 297 Squadron
With the Airborne Forces again
The squadron was reformed again as an airborne forces squadron on 10 September 1947 at RAF Station Fairford, again flying Halifaxes, but of the type A.9 now. After a little more than a year it disbanded again, at Fairford, on 1 October 1948, on 31 October 1948, or on 1 November 1948.
|August 1942||November 1943||Armstrong Whitworth Whitley||Mk.V|
|February 1943||November 1943||Handley Page Halifax||Mk.V|
|October 1943||July 1944||Armstrong Whitworth Albemarle||Mk.I|
|November 1943||July 1944||Armstrong Whitworth Albemarle||Mk.I|
|April 1944||July 1944||Armstrong Whitworth Albemarle||Mk.V|
|June 1944||January 1946||Short Stirling||Mk.IV|
|January 1946||March 1946||Handley Page Halifax||A.7|
|September 1947||October 1948||Handley Page Halifax||A.9|
|Airfields used by No 295 Squadron RAF, data from||From||To||Station||Remark|
|3 August 1942||1 May 1943||RAF Netheravon, Wiltshire||Det. at RAF Hurn, Dorset|
|1 May 1943||30 June 1943||RAF Holmsley South, Hampshire|
|30 June 1943||15 March 1944||RAF Hurn, Dorset|
|15 March 1944||11 October 1944||RAF Harwell, (then) Berkshire||Det. at RAF Ayr, Ayrshire, Scotland|
|11 October 1944||21 January 1946||RAF Rivenhall, Essex|
|21 January 1946||1 April 1946||RAF Tarrant Rushton, Dorset|
|10 September 1947||1 November 1948||RAF Fairford, Gloucestershire|
|3 August 1942||29 August 1942||Sqn Ldr A.B Wilkinson, DFC(US) (Acting)|
|29 August 1942||1 January 1943||Wg Cdr G.P. Marvin|
|1 January 1943||19 February 1943||Wing Commander P.V.M. Lysaght (acting) KIA – Saumur, France|
|19 February 1943||March 1943||Squadron Leader L.C. Bartram (acting)|
|March 1943||14 September 1944||Wing Commander B.R. Macnamara, OPW2(USSR)|
|14 September 1944||November 1945||Wing Commander H.E. 'Pluto' Angell, DFC|
|November 1945||21 January 1946||Wing Commander R.N. Stidolph|
- Rawlings 1982, p. 194.
- Halley 1988, p. 352.
- Flintham and Thomas 2003, p. 98.
- Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 124.
- Flintham and Thomas 2003, p. 61.
- Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 39.
- Flintham and Thomas 2003, p. 60.
- Jefford 2001, p. 86.
- Bowyer, Michael J.F. and John D.R. Rawlings. Squadron Codes, 1937–56. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-85059-364-6.
- Flintham, Vic and Andrew Thomas. Combat Codes: A full explanation and listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied air force unit codes since 1938. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 2003. ISBN 1-84037-281-8.
- Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth 1918–1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
- Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE, BA, RAF(Retd.). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1988 (second edition 2001). ISBN 1-85310-053-6.
- Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.
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