No. 69 Squadron RAF

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No. 69 Squadron RAF
File:DH.98 Mosq FB.VI TA379 69 Sq WI-T Cambrai 03.1946 edited-3.jpg
69 Squadron Mosquito FB.VI at Cambrai-Epinoy France in March 1946
Active 10 Jan 1941 - 6 August 1947
1 October 1954 – 1 July 1958
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Air Force Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Air Force
Motto With vigilance we serve
Squadron Badge heraldry In front of an anchor, a telescope.
Squadron Codes MJ Apr - Sep 1939
WI Aug 1945 - Mar 1946

The designation No. 69 Squadron has been used by the Royal Air Force for two quite different units.

No. 3 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps was formed at Point Cook, Victoria, Australia in 1916. To avoid confusion with No. 3 Squadron, RFC, it was known to the British military as "No. 69 Squadron RFC", although this terminology was never accepted by the squadron or the Australian Imperial Force.

The squadron was "re-formed" on 10 January 1941 during World War II, when No. 431 Flight RAF, on Malta was redesignated No. 69 Squadron. It carried out strategic reconnaissance missions mainly using Martin Marylands until May 1942 when Spitfires began to carry out all reconnaissance missions. These were later supplemented by Martin Baltimores for shipping reconnaissance and anti-submarine patrols until April 1944 when the Squadron returned to the UK.

No. 69 re-assembled at RAF Northolt on 5 May 1944 as part of No. 34 Wing of the Second Tactical Air Force equipped with Vickers Wellington XIIIs for night reconnaissance duties, beginning operations on the eve of D-Day, using flares to locate enemy troop movements. In September the Squadron moved to France and Belgium until 7 May 1945, the Squadron disbanding on 7 August 1945.[1]

On 8 August 1945, 613 Squadron at Cambrai-Epinoy, France, was renumbered No. 69 Squadron, flying Mosquito FB.VI fighter-bombers until it was again disbanded on 31 March 1946. The next day, 180 Squadron was renumbered No. 69 at Wahn again equipped with Mosquito light bombers until again disbanded on 6 November 1947

The squadron flew from RAF Gutersloh in Germany briefly from 1954. No. 69 had been reformed on 5 May 1954 at RAF Laarbruch as a Canberra reconnaissance unit and remained in Germany until renumbered 39 Squadron on 1 July 1958.[2]


  • Halley, James J. (1988), The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force and Commonwealth 1918-1988, Tonbridge, Kent: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd, ISBN 0-85130-164-9<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  1. Halley, 1988, p. 135
  2. Halley, 1988, p. 135

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