November 1937

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1937
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The following events occurred in November 1937:

November 1, 1937 (Monday)

November 2, 1937 (Tuesday)

November 3, 1937 (Wednesday)

November 4, 1937 (Thursday)

November 5, 1937 (Friday)

  • The Duke of Windsor cancelled a visit to the United States the day before he was to set sail. A statement through the Anglo-American Press Association cited "grave misconceptions" about the purpose of the trip.[8]
  • 30,000 Japanese troops landed virtually unopposed at Hangzhou Bay.[9]
  • Hossbach Memorandum: At a secret meeting in the Chancellory in Berlin, Hitler announced his plan for an expansionist foreign policy to secure Lebensraum by force.[10]
  • Germany and Poland signed a joint declaration on minorities, guaranteeing proper reciprocal treatment and protection of the Polish minority in Germany and the German minority in Poland.[11]
  • Born: Chan Sek Keong, third Chief Justice of Singapore, in Ipoh, Federated Malay States; Harris Yulin actor, in Los Angeles

November 6, 1937 (Saturday)

November 7, 1937 (Sunday)

  • 1 million people paraded in Moscow on the 20th anniversary of the Revolution.[6]

November 8, 1937 (Monday)

November 9, 1937 (Tuesday)

November 10, 1937 (Wednesday)

  • Brazilian President Getúlio Vargas promulgated a new Constitution giving himself dictatorial powers. Vargas cancelled the upcoming presidential elections.[12][14]
  • Germany announced that all men born between 1893 and 1900 would be called up for medical inspection to assess their suitability to be drafted for military service.[15]
  • Born: Zdeněk Zikán, footballer, in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2013)

November 11, 1937 (Thursday)

  • The Battle of Xinkou ended in Japanese victory.
  • The British commissioner in Mandatory Palestine set up special military courts to try suspected terrorists.[14] Anyone carrying unauthorized firearms, bombs or ammunition would be subject to the death penalty.[16]
  • During Remembrance Day ceremonies at the Whitehall Cenotaph, an ex-serviceman who had escaped from a mental asylum interrupted the two minutes of silence by screaming "All this hypocrisy!" and something that sounded like "Preparing for war!" The police chased him down and silenced him, but the incident opened a dialogue in the British press about whether the annual tradition of the silence should continue.[17]
  • Born: Stephen Lewis, politician and diplomat, in Ottawa, Canada
  • Died: Uryū Sotokichi, 80, Japanese admiral

November 12, 1937 (Friday)

November 13, 1937 (Saturday)

November 14, 1937 (Sunday)

November 15, 1937 (Monday)

November 16, 1937 (Tuesday)

November 17, 1937 (Wednesday)

November 18, 1937 (Thursday)

November 19, 1937 (Friday)

November 20, 1937 (Saturday)

November 21, 1937 (Sunday)

November 22, 1937 (Monday)

November 23, 1937 (Tuesday)

November 24, 1937 (Wednesday)

  • The Nine Power Treaty Conference ended with little accomplished.
  • British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain responded to a question in the House of Commons about Lord Halifax's recent trip to Germany by explaining that the visit was "entirely private and unofficial" and so he would not "make any further statement in regard to them at this stage." Chamberlain called speculation in the British press about the nature of the discussions "not only irresponsible but highly inaccurate."[26]
  • In Canada, the first Governor General's Awards were presented by Lord Tweedsmuir.[27]

November 25, 1937 (Thursday)

  • French authorities arrested Eugène Deloncle, the alleged ringleader of the monarchist plot to overthrow the French republic.[28]

November 26, 1937 (Friday)

November 27, 1937 (Saturday)

November 28, 1937 (Sunday)

  • Generalissimo Francisco Franco announced a total naval blockade of Republican ports and warned that any ship attempting to enter the ports would be attacked.[31] He also told the Republican government to surrender by December 12 or face a massive new offensive.[6]
  • A referendum on freemasonry was held in Switzerland. 68.7% of voters rejected a proposed ban on the practice.
  • Born: Elijah Malok Aleng, public servant, general and politician, in Bor, Sudan (d. 2014)

November 29, 1937 (Monday)

November 30, 1937 (Tuesday)

References

  1. "Japanese Cross Shanghai Creek in Night Battle". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 1, 1937. p. 1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Gardner, Virginia (November 2, 1937). "Jury Hears Anna's Denials". Chicago Daily Tribune. pp. 1, 4.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "All-Stars Win Morenz Hocky Game, 6 to 5". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 3, 1937. p. 23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "La Guardia Rides In On Avalanche". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. November 3, 1937. p. 1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Ethiopian Prince Seeks Divorce on Patriotic Plea". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 4, 1937. p. 2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 Mercer, Derrik, ed. (1989). Chronicle of the 20th Century. London: Chronicle Communications Ltd. pp. 489–490. ISBN 9-780582-039193.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Schultz, Sigrid (November 5, 1937). "Nazis Guillotine 3 Germans on Treason Charge". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Small, Alex (November 6, 1937). "Windsor Abandons U.S. Trip". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. 9.0 9.1 Coble, Parks M. (2003). Chinese Capitalists in Japan's New Order: The Occupied Lower Yangzi, 1937–1945. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. p. 12. ISBN 9780520928299.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Tucker, Spencer C. (2010). A Global Chronology of Conflict: From the Ancient World to the Modern Middle East. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, LLC. p. 1874. ISBN 9781851096725.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. Karski, Jan (2014). The Great Powers and Poland: From Versailles to Yalta. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 247–248. ISBN 9781442226654.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 "1937". MusicAndHistory. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "Arsenic Killer's Appeal Will Be Decided Today". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 15, 1937. p. 9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.5 "Chronology 1937". indiana.edu. 2002. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. Schultz, Sigrid (November 11, 1937). "Germany Seeks Every Fit Man for War Service". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. Ghandour, Zeina B. A Discourse on Domination in Mandate Palestine. Routledge. p. 92. ISBN 9781134009633.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. Moran, Joe (November 11, 2006). "The two-minute silence keeps a delicate balance between public coercion and private reflection". The Guardian. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. "Tageseinträge für 14. November 1937". chroniknet. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. Taylor, Edmond (November 16, 1937). "Japs Condemned by 15 Nations for Making War". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. "Unveil Statue of Sun Yat-sen at San Francisco". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 16, 1937. p. 2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. "November 16, 1937". PlaneCrashInfo. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. Alpert, Michael (1994). A New International History of the Spanish Civil War. Macmillan Press. p. 157. ISBN 9780312120160.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. Salvadó, Francsico J. Romero (2005). The Spanish Civil War: Origins, Course and Outcomes. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 162. ISBN 9780230203051.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  24. "Bride in Black Weds New Grand Duke of Hesse". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 18, 1937. p. 18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  25. Darrah, David (November 23, 1937). "Launch Moslem Fight on British Palestine Split". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 11.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  26. "Germany (Visit of the Lord President of the Council)". Hansard. November 24, 1937. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  27. "The John H. Meier, Jr. Governor General's Literary Award for Fiction Collection". Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  28. "Seize Leader of Plot". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 26, 1937. p. 5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  29. Schultz, Sigrid (November 27, 1937). "Hitler Appoints Dr. Schacht as His Own Adviser". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  30. "'Arsenic Anna' is Sentenced to Die; Collapses". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 28, 1937. p. 13.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  31. Pike, David Wingeate (2011). France Divided: The French and the Civil War in Spain. Sussex Academic Press. p. 150. ISBN 9781845194901.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  32. "Duce Recognizes Manchukuo, Jap Puppet Empire". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 30, 1937. p. 4.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  33. "Seraphim Chicagov". Ortho-Rus.ru. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  34. "Heiseman Trophy Awarded to Frank". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. December 1, 1937. p. 15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>