Nueva Esparta

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Nueva Esparta
State of Venezuela
Flag of Nueva Esparta
Coat of arms of Nueva Esparta
Coat of arms
Anthem: Himno del Estado Nueva Esparta
Location within Venezuela
Location within Venezuela
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Country Venezuela
Created 1909
Capital La Asunción
 • Governor Carlos Mata Figueroa (2012–present)
 • Total 1,151 km2 (444 sq mi)
Area rank 23rd
  0.12% of Venezuela
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 491,610
 • Rank 20th
  1.68% of Venezuela
Time zone UTC-04:30
ISO 3166 code VE-O
Emblematic tree Guayacán (Guaiacum officinale)

New Sparta State, in Spanish Estado Nueva Esparta (IPA: [esˈtaðo ˈnweβa esˈparta]), is one of the 23 states of Venezuela. It comprises Margarita Island, Coche, and the largely uninhabited Cubagua.

The state is the smallest one in area, and is located off the northeast Caribbean coast of Venezuela. It is the only insular state of Venezuela (not including the Federal Dependencies, a federal territory but not a state). The main island of Margarita has an area of 934 km². Its capital city is La Asunción, and the main urban center is Porlamar.


Its name comes from the heroism shown by its inhabitants during the Venezuelan War of Independence, deemed similar to that of the Spartan soldiers of Ancient Greece.


Founded in 1525, the Province of Margarita was the oldest of those that in 1777 formed the Post of Captain-General of Venezuela. It was dependent on the Royal Audience of Santo Domingo until 1739, when it was annexed to the Viceroyalty of New Granada (Virreinato de Nueva Granada).

In 1821, when Gran Colombia was created, the Province of Margarita was integrated to the Orinoco Department, along with other regions. When the Republic of Venezuela arose in 1830, it was one of the original Provinces of Venezuela.

In 1864, when Venezuela was divided into 20 states and a Federal District, Margarita took the name of State of New Sparta. In 1881 its status was changed to be a section of the Greater Guzmán Blanco State (Called Miranda from 1889 to 1898). In 1901, two years after the autonomy of the states was restored, it retook the name of New Sparta, but again lost it between 1904 and 1909, period in which it was included in the Federal District as "Eastern Section". In 1909 it recovered the condition of a State, and in 1948 it added the island of Cubagua.


The main island of Margarita has an area of 934 km². Its capital city is La Asunción. The main urban center is Porlamar. Other important towns are Juan Griego, Pampatar (home of the Port Authority), Punta de Piedras, San Juan Bautista, Las Guevaras, Las Hernández, Villa Rosa, Bella Vista (Margarita), El Valle del Espíritu Santo.


Political Territorial Division of Nueva Esparta
Municipality Capital Surface Population Density (km²)
Antolín del Campo La Plaza de Paraguachí 72 km² 21.890 305,30
Arismendi La Asunción 52 km² 23.616 454,15
Díaz San Juan Bautista 166 km² 39.491 238,04
García El Valle del Espíritu Santo 85 km² 49.967 587,16
Gómez Santa Ana 96 km² 33.436 349,38
Maneiro Pampatar 35 km² 35.901 1.028,68
Marcano Juan Griego 40 km² 31.959 796,98
Mariño Porlamar 39 km² 85.942 2.203,64
Península de Macanao1) Boca de Río 331 km² 5.205 69,26
Tubores2) Punta de Piedras 180 km² 30.062 167,10
Villalba San Pedro de Coche 55 km² 80.238 218,33
Nueva Esparta La Asunción 1.150 km² 387.175 336,67


Race and ethnicity

According to the 2011 Census, the racial composition of the population was:[1]

Racial composition Population  %
Mestizo N/A 49.1
White 217,828 47.1
Black 11,562 2.5
Other race N/A 1.3

See also


  1. "Resultado Básico del XIV Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2011 (Mayo 2014)" (PDF). p. 29. Retrieved 8 September 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links