October 1937

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1937
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February
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The following events occurred in October 1937:

October 1, 1937 (Friday)

  • U.S. Supreme Court Justice Hugo Black gave a radio address admitting that he had once been a member of the Ku Klux Klan, but had resigned and never rejoined. Black repudiated the Klan and pointed out that his voting record in the Senate demonstrated that he was "of that group of liberal senators who have consistently fought for the civil, economic and religious rights of all Americans, without regard to race or creed."[1]

October 2, 1937 (Saturday)

October 3, 1937 (Sunday)

  • Thousands of members of the British Union of Fascists marched through the London district of Bermondsey to mark the fifth anniversary of the organization's founding. Anti-fascists jeered and threw eggs, bricks and other objects as 3,000 police fought to maintain order. Over 100 arrests were made.[4][5]
  • Died: Richard Hertwig, 87, German zoologist; E. J. Rapson, 76, British numismatist, philologist and professor of Sanskrit

October 4, 1937 (Monday)

October 5, 1937 (Tuesday)

October 6, 1937 (Wednesday)

October 7, 1937 (Thursday)

October 8, 1937 (Friday)

October 9, 1937 (Saturday)

October 10, 1937 (Sunday)

October 11, 1937 (Monday)

October 12, 1937 (Tuesday)

  • France and Yugoslavia extended their mutual assistance pact of 1927 for an additional five years.[17]
  • U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave a fireside chat on the topic of legislation to be recommended to Congress.
  • Died: Al Brady, 26, American criminal (killed by FBI agents)

October 13, 1937 (Wednesday)

  • Germany sent a note to Belgium guaranteeing that Belgian neutrality would be respected as long as it refrained from military action against Germany.[18]

October 14, 1937 (Thursday)

  • A total of seven people were killed on a day of violence in Palestine. Three were killed when a mine blew up a train northeast of the Palestinian city of Jaffa. A policeman shot two Arabs who refused to halt near the scene of the explosion. Elsewhere, two attacks on buses killed two Arabs and wounded three Jews.[19]

October 15, 1937 (Friday)

October 16, 1937 (Saturday)

October 17, 1937 (Sunday)

October 18, 1937 (Monday)

October 19, 1937 (Tuesday)

  • Italy raised taxes significantly in an effort to meet the cost of increased arms production and maintaining its colonies.[26]
  • Died: Ernest Rutherford, 66, New-Zealand born British physicist

October 20, 1937 (Wednesday)

October 21, 1937 (Thursday)

October 22, 1937 (Friday)

October 23, 1937 (Saturday)

October 24, 1937 (Sunday)

October 25, 1937 (Monday)

October 26, 1937 (Tuesday)

October 27, 1937 (Wednesday)

October 28, 1937 (Thursday)

October 29, 1937 (Friday)

October 30, 1937 (Saturday)

October 31, 1937 (Sunday)

References

  1. Manly, Chesly (October 2, 1937). "I Quit Klan: Black's Defense". Chicago Daily Tribune. pp. 1–2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 "1937". MusicAndHistory. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "City of Shrines Falls to Rebels in Gijon Push". Chicago Daily Tribune. October 3, 1937. p. 5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Tageseinträge für 3. Oktober 1937". chroniknet. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Darrah, David (October 4, 1937). "Street Battles Rage as London Fascists March". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 8.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Darrah, David (October 5, 1937). "Mystery U-Boat Fires Torpedo at British Ship". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Text of President's Speech at Link Bridge Dedication". Chicago Daily Tribune. October 6, 1937. p. 2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Tageseinträge für 6. Oktober 1937". chroniknet. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Franco Saves Illinoisan from Firing Squad". Chicago Daily Tribune. October 7, 1937. p. 1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Japanese Scale Walls and Take North China City". Chicago Daily Tribune. October 9, 1937. p. 5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. Taylor, Edmond (October 10, 1937). "France Angry; To Defy Italy". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Tageseinträge für 9. Oktober 1937". chroniknet. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 Mercer, Derrik, ed. (1989). Chronicle of the 20th Century. London: Chronicle Communications Ltd. p. 488. ISBN 9-780582-039193.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. Schultz, Sigrid (October 12, 1937). "Back Slapping Nazi Takes Duke on Labor Tour". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. Hessen, Robert (1984). Berlin Alert: The Memoirs and Reports of Truman Smith. Leland Stanford Juior University. p. 109. ISBN 9780817978938.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. Larrabee, Eric (2004). Commander in Chief: Franklin Delano Roosevelt, His Lieutenants, and Their War. Naval Institute Press. p. 225. ISBN 9781591144557.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "Tageseinträge für 12. Oktober 1937". chroniknet. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. 18.0 18.1 "Chronology 1937". indiana.edu. 2002. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. "Train Blown Up; 7 Die in Day of Palestine Strife". Chicago Daily Tribune. October 15, 1937. p. 6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. 20.0 20.1 Boyle, John Hunter (1972). China and Japan at War, 1937–1945: The Politics of Collaboration. Stanford University Press. p. 127. ISBN 9780804708005.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. "Tageseinträge für 16. Oktober 1937". chroniknet. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. "October 17, 1937". PlaneCrashInfo. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. "Tageseinträge für 17. Oktober 1937". chroniknet. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  24. "The Great Depression and Dow Jones Industrial Average". Generational Dynamics. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  25. "Rheims Cathedral Ruined by German Shells, Rededicated". Chicago Daily Tribune. October 19, 1937. p. 1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  26. "Il Duce Decrees Huge New Taxes to Build Empire". Chicago Daily Tribune. October 20, 1937. p. 11.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  27. "Franco Takes New Powers as Rebel Dictator". Chicago Daily Tribune. October 23, 1937. p. 8.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  28. Schultz, Sigrid (October 22, 1937). "Nazis Dissolve Danzig Catholic Centrist Party". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 13.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  29. "Edward VIII". Spartacus Educational. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  30. Reich, Bernard (1990). Political Leaders of the Contemporary Middle East and North Africa. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. p. 197. ISBN 9780313262135.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  31. Darrah, David (October 25, 1937). "Aviatrix Clips Australia to London Mark". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  32. "Ship Bombed by Air 'Pirate'". Chicago Daily Tribune. October 25, 1937. p. 1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  33. "Japs Kill 10,000 Chinese in 3 Day Mountain Fight". Chicago Daily Tribune. October 28, 1937. p. 5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  34. Parkinson, David (October 28, 2013). "This Day in 1937: Controversial Graham Greene film review published". MovieMail. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  35. "Shirley Temple scandal was real reason Graham Greene fled to Mexico". The Independent. November 18, 2007. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  37. Tucker, Spencer C. (2010). A Global Chronology of Conflict: From the Ancient World to the Modern Middle East. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, LLC. p. 1874. ISBN 9781851096725.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  38. "100,000 Fascist Troops Repeat March on Rome". Chicago Daily Tribune. October 28, 1937. p. 6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  39. "Tony Lazzeri". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  40. "Henry Armstrong". BoxRec. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  41. "Il Duce Recalls Paris Envoy". Chicago Daily Tribune. October 31, 1937. p. 1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  42. "Hitler Bestows Nazi Decoration on Jap Prince". Chicago Daily Tribune. October 31, 1937. p. 2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  43. "Sinking of Vessel Causes Stir". The Advertiser. Adelaide. November 2, 1937. p. 19.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  44. "Chinese 'Suicide Troop' Escapes Japanese Siege". Chicago Daily Tribune. October 31, 1937. p. 1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>