Oded Schramm

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Oded Schramm
OdedSchramm.jpeg
Oded Schramm
Born (1961-12-10)December 10, 1961
Jerusalem, Israel
Died September 1, 2008(2008-09-01) (aged 46)
Washington State, USA
Citizenship Israeli and US
Institutions Microsoft Research
Doctoral advisor William Thurston
Doctoral students Omer Angel
Known for SLE, circle packing
Notable awards Erdős Prize (1996)
Salem Prize (2001)
Clay Research Award (2002)
Loève Prize (2003)
Henri Poincaré Prize (2003)
SIAM
George Pólya Prize (2006)
Ostrowski Prize (2007)

Oded Schramm (Hebrew: עודד שרם‎) (December 10, 1961 – September 1, 2008) was an Israeli-American mathematician known for the invention of the Schramm–Loewner evolution (SLE) and for working at the intersection of conformal field theory and probability theory.[1][2]

Biography

Schramm was born in Jerusalem in Israel.[3] His father, Michael Schramm, was a biochemistry professor at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

He attended Hebrew University where he received his bachelor’s degree in mathematics and computer science in 1986 and his master's degree in 1987, under the supervision of Gil Kalai. He then received his Ph.D. from Princeton University in 1990 under the supervision of William Thurston.

After receiving his doctorate, he worked for two years at the University of California, San Diego, and then had a permanent position at the Weizmann Institute from 1992 to 1999. In 1999 he moved to the Theory Group at Microsoft Research in Redmond, Washington, where he remained for the rest of his life.

He and his wife had two children.[3]

On September 1, 2008, Schramm fell to his death while solo climbing Guye Peak, north of Snoqualmie Pass in Washington.[3][4][5]

Research

An illustration by Schramm.

A constant theme in Schramm's research was the exploration of relations between discrete models and their continuous scaling limits, which for a number of models turn out to be conformally invariant.

Schramm's most significant contribution is the invention of Schramm–Loewner evolution, a tool which has paved the way for mathematical proofs of conjectured scaling limit relations[6][7] on models from statistical mechanics such as self-avoiding random walk and percolation. This technique has had a profound impact on the field.[3][8] It has been recognized by many awards to Schramm and others, including a Fields Medal to Wendelin Werner, who was one of Schramm's principal collaborators, along with Gregory Lawler. The New York Times wrote in his obituary:

Schramm's doctorate [9] was in complex analysis, but he made contributions in many other areas of pure mathematics, although self-taught in those areas. Frequently he would prove a result by himself before reading the literature to obtain an appropriate credit. Often his proof was original or more elegant than the original.[10]

Besides conformally invariant planar processes and SLE, he made fundamental contributions to several topics:[8]

Awards and honors

  • Erdős Prize (1996)[11]
  • Salem Prize (2001)[12]
  • Clay Research Award (2002),[13] for his work in combining analytic power with geometric insight in the field of random walks, percolation, and probability theory in general, especially for formulating stochastic Loewner evolution. His work opens new doors and reinvigorates research in these fields. [13]
  • Loève Prize (2003)
  • Henri Poincaré Prize (2003),[14] For his contributions to discrete conformal geometry, where he discovered new classes of circle patterns described by integrable systems and proved the ultimate results on convergence to the corresponding conformal mappings, and for the discovery of the Stochastic Loewner Process as a candidate for scaling limits in two dimensional statistical mechanics.[15]
  • SIAM George Pólya Prize (2006),[16] with Gregory Lawler and Wendelin Werner, for groundbreaking work on the development and application of stochastic Loewner evolution (SLE). Of particular note is the rigorous establishment of the existence and conformal invariance of critical scaling limits of a number of 2D lattice models arising in statistical physics. [17]
  • Ostrowski Prize (2007)
  • Elected in 2008 as a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.[18]

Selected publications

References

  1. "Clay Mathematics Institute". Retrieved 2008-09-12.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Lawler, Gregory F. (2005), Conformally Invariant Processes in the Plane, Mathematical Surveys and Monographs, 114, Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society, ISBN 0-8218-3677-3, MR 2129588<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Chang, Kenneth (September 10, 2008), "Oded Schramm, 46, Mathematician, Is Dead", New York Times<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Gutierrez, Scott (September 3, 2008), "Rescuers recover hiker's body near Cascades' Guye Peak", Seattle Post-Intelligencer<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Accomplished Microsoft mathematician died in hiking accident", Seattle Times, September 4, 2008<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Cardy, John (1992), "Critical percolation in finite geometries", J. Phys. A: Math. Gen., 25 (4): L201–L206, arXiv:hep-th/9111026, Bibcode:1992JPhA...25L.201C, doi:10.1088/0305-4470/25/4/009, MR 1151081<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Cardy, John (2002), "Crossing formulae for critical percolation in an annulus", J. Phys. A: Math. Gen., 35 (41): L565–L572, doi:10.1088/0305-4470/35/41/102, MR 1946958<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Oded Schramm's publications on Google Scholar".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Schramm, Oded (2007), Combinatorically Prescribed Packings and Applications to Conformal and Quasiconformal Maps (modified version of Schramm's Ph.D. thesis from 1990)|format= requires |url= (help), 0709, p. 710, arXiv:0709.0710, Bibcode:2007PhDT.......441S<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  10. "Mathematician who made a significant contribution to the study of probability and fractals", Daily Telegraph, September 19, 2008<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. The Anna and Lajos Erdős Prize in Mathematics, Technion.
  12. Kehoe, Elaine (2001), "Schramm and Smirnov Awarded 2001 Salem Prize" (PDF), Notices of the American Mathematical Society, 48 (8): 831<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. 13.0 13.1 "Clay Research Award citation: Oded Schramm". Clay Mathematics Institute. Retrieved 2008-09-04.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. "The Henri Poincaré Prize". International Association of Mathematical Physics. Retrieved 2008-09-04.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. "Henri Poincaré Prize of the IAMP" (PDF). International Association of Mathematical Physics.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. "Gregory F. Lawler, Oded Schramm and Wendelin Werner receive George Polya Prize in Boston". Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. 2006-04-20. Retrieved 2008-09-04.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "2006 Prizes and Awards Luncheon – SIAM Annual Meeting – July 11, 2006". SIAM.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. "About Microsoft Research: Awards". Microsoft. Retrieved 2008-09-12.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links