Old Anatolian Turkish

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Old Anatolian Turkish
Native to Sultanate of Rum, Anatolian beyliks
Era Arrived in Anatolia late 11th century. Developed into Early Ottoman Turkish c. 15th century[1]
Ottoman Turkish alphabet augmented with ḥarakāt[1]
Official status
Official language in
Karamanid Dynasty flag.svg Karamanids[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Linguist list
1ca Old Anatolian Turkish
Glottolog None

The Old Anatolian Turkish[3] (Modern Turkish: Eski Anadolu Türkçesi) is the stage in the history of the Turkish language spoken in Anatolia from the 11th to 15th centuries. It developed into Early Ottoman Turkish. It was written in the Arabic script. Unlike in later Ottoman Turkish, short-vowel diacritics were used.[4]

Old Anatolian Turkish was widely spoken in the entire area of Anatolia.[citation needed] Despite this, it had no official status until in 1277, Mehmet I of Karaman declared, "Starting today, in dervish convents, in council, in the palace, in Majlis and in squares, no language other than Turkish is allowed." [2]


Old Anatolian Turkish Ottoman Turkish
(Kamus-ı Türkî spelling)
Modern Turkish English
گُزلٔر‎ گوزلر‎ Közler (Gözler) "Eyes"
دَدَ‎ دده‎ Dede "Grandfather"
كُچُك‎ كچوك‎ Küçük "Little"


Letter Modern Turkish Letter Modern Turkish
ا ‎ a, e, i ص ‎ s
ب ‎ b ض ‎ d
پ‎ p ط ‎ t
ت‎ t ظ‎ z
ث ‎ s ع ‎ a
ج ‎ c غ‎ ğ, g
چ‎ ç ف ‎ f
ح ‎ h ق ‎ k
خ ‎ h ك ‎ k
د ‎ d ل ‎ l
ذ ‎ d, z م ‎ m
ر ‎ r ن ‎ n
ز ‎ z و ‎ o, ö, u, ü, v
ژ ‎ j ه ‎ h
س ‎ s لا ‎ la, le
ش ‎ ş ى ‎ i, y, ı

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 Old Anatolian Turkish at MultiTree on the Linguist List
  2. 2.0 2.1 http://www.kimkimdir.gen.tr/kimkimdir.php?id=1547
  3. Excerpt from Britannica Entry "..so-called Old Anatolian Turkish.."
  4. Ergin, Muharrem, Osmanlıca Dersleri, BOĞAZİÇİ YAYINLARI, ISBN 975-451-053-9[page needed]