Ona Munson

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Ona Munson
Ona Munson promo.png
Munson in a 1931 publicity photo for Five Star Final
Born Owena Wolcott
(1903-06-16)June 16, 1903
Portland, Oregon, U.S.
Died February 11, 1955(1955-02-11) (aged 44)
New York City, New York, U.S.a
Cause of death Suicide by barbiturate overdose
Occupation Actress
Years active 1928–1953
Spouse(s) Edward Buzzell (1926-1931) (divorced)
Stewart McDonald (1941-1947)
Eugene Berman (1950-1955) (her death)

Ona Munson (born Owena Wolcott; June 16, 1903 – February 11, 1955)[1] was an American actress perhaps best known for her portrayal of madam Belle Watling in Gone with the Wind (1939).

Career

Munson was born Owena Wolcott in Portland, Oregon.[2] She first came to fame on Broadway as the singing and dancing ingenue in the original production of No, No, Nanette.[1] From this, Munson had a very successful stage and radio career in the 1930s in New York. She introduced the song "You're the Cream in My Coffee" in the 1927 Broadway musical Hold Everything.

Her first starring role was in a Warner Brothers talkie called Going Wild (1930). Originally, this film was intended as musical, but all the numbers were removed prior to release due to the public's distaste for musicals which had virtually saturated the cinema in 1929-1930. Munson appeared the next year in The Hot Heiress, in which she sings several songs along with her co-star Ben Lyon. She also starred in Broadminded (1931) and Five Star Final (1931). She briefly retired from the screen, only to return in 1938.

When David O. Selznick was casting his production Gone with the Wind, he first announced that Mae West was to play Belle, but this was a publicity stunt. Tallulah Bankhead refused the role as too small. Munson herself was the antithesis of the voluptuous Belle: freckled and of slight build.

Munson’s career was stalemated by the acclaim of Gone with the Wind; for the remainder of her career, she was typecast in similar roles. Two years later, she played a huge role as another madam, albeit a Chinese one, in Josef von Sternberg's film noir The Shanghai Gesture. Her last film was The Red House, released in 1947.

Munson's work on radio included co-starring (as Lorelei) with Edward G. Robinson on Big Town.[3]

For her contribution to the motion picture industry, Ona Munson has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6211 Hollywood Boulevard.

Personal life

She was married three times, to actor and director Edward Buzzell in 1926, to Stewart McDonald in 1941, and designer Eugene Berman in 1949.[2] These have been termed "lavender" marriages, in that they were intended to conceal her bisexuality and her affairs with women, including filmmaker Dorothy Arzner and playwright Mercedes de Acosta.[4] Munson has been listed as a member of a group called the "sewing circle", a clique of lesbians organized by actress Alla Nazimova.[5]

Death

In 1955, plagued by ill health, she committed suicide at the age of 51 with an overdose of barbiturates in her apartment in New York. A note found next to her deathbed read, "This is the only way I know to be free again...Please don't follow me."[1] Munson posthumously received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, located on the north side of the 6200 block of Hollywood Boulevard.[1]

Partial filmography

Year Title Role Notes
1928 The Head of the Family Uncredited
1930 Going Wild Ruth Howard
1931 The Hot Heiress Juliette
1931 Broadminded Constance Palmer
1931 Five Star Final Kitty Carmody
1938 His Exciting Night Anne Baker
1938 Dramatic School Student Uncredited
1939 Scandal Sheet Kitty Mulhane
1939 Legion of Lost Flyers Martha Wilson
1939 Gone with the Wind Belle Watling
1939 The Big Guy Mary Whitlock
1940 Wagons Westward Julie O'Conover
1941 Lady from Louisiana Julie Mirbeau
1941 Wild Geese Calling Clarabella
1941 The Shanghai Gesture 'Mother' Gin Sling
1942 Drums of the Congo Anne Montgomery
1943 Idaho Belle Bonner
1945 The Cheaters Florie Watson
1945 Dakota 'Jersey' Thomas
1947 The Red House Mrs. Storm

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Ona Munson". The Los Angeles Times. Hollywood Star Walk of Fame. Retrieved December 29, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 Stephens, Chuck. "A Face in the Crowd: Ona Munson". Film Comment. Retrieved January 6, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "(photo caption)" (PDF). Radio and Television Mirror. 13 (3): 41. January 1940. Retrieved 16 February 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Harbin, Billy J., Kim Marra and Robert A. Schanke (2005). The Gay & Lesbian Theatrical Legacy: A Biographical Dictionary of Major Figures in American Stage History in the Pre-Stonewall Era. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. p. 297. ISBN 0-472-09858-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Madsen, Axel (1995). The Sewing Circle: Hollywood's Greatest Secret: Female Stars Who Loved Other Women. New York: Birch Lane Press. pp. 14–15. ISBN 978-1559722759.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links