Open Compute Project

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Open Compute Project
File:OpenCompute logo.jpg
Formation 2011
Type Industry trade group
Purpose Sharing designs of data center products
Website opencompute.org

The Open Compute Project (OCP) is an organization that shares designs of data center products among companies, including Facebook, Intel, Google, Apple, Microsoft, Rackspace, Ericsson, Cisco, Juniper Networks, Goldman Sachs, Fidelity, Lenovo and Bank of America.[1]

The Open Compute Projects mission is to design and enable the delivery of the most efficient server, storage and data center hardware designs for scalable computing. "We believe that openly sharing ideas, specifications and other intellectual property is the key to maximizing innovation and reducing operational complexity in the scalable computing space."[2]
All Facebook Data Centers are 100% OCP: Prineville Data Center, Forest City Data Center, Altoona Data Center, Luleå Data Center (Sweden). Facebook Data Centers under construction: Fort Worth Data Center, Clonee Data Center (Ireland).[3]

The initiative was announced in April 2011 by Jonathan Heiliger[4] at Facebook to openly share designs of data center products.[5] The effort came out of a redesign of Facebook's data center in Prineville, Oregon.[6] After two years, with regards to a more module server design, it was admitted that "the new design is still a long way from live data centers".[7] However, some aspects published were used in the Prineville center to improve the energy efficiency, as measured by the power usage effectiveness index defined by The Green Grid.[8]

The Open Compute Project Foundation is a 501(c)(6) non-profit incorporated in the state of Delaware. Corey Bell serves as the Foundation's CEO. Currently there are 7 members who serve on board of directors which is made up of two individual members and five organizational members. Jason Taylor (Facebook) is the Foundation's president and chairman. Frank Frankovsky (formerly of Facebook and past president and chairman) and Andy Bechtolsheim are the two individual members. In addition to Jason Taylor who represents Facebook, other organizations on the Open Compute board of directors include Intel (Jason Waxman), Goldman Sachs (Don Duet), Rackspace (Mark Roenick), and Microsoft (Bill Laing).[9]

On March 11, 2015 Apple, Cisco and Juniper Networks joined the project.[10]

On February 23, 2016 Lenovo joined the project.[11]

On March 9, 2016 Google joined the project.[12]

Components of the Open Compute Project include:

  • Server compute nodes included one for Intel processors and one for AMD processors. In 2013, Calxeda contributed a design with ARM architecture processors.[13]
    Several generations of server designs have been deployed. So far being: Freedom (Intel), Spitfire (AMD), Windmill (Intel E5-2600), Watermark (AMD), Winterfell (Intel E5-2600 v2) and Leopard (Intel E5-2600 v3)[14][15]
  • Open Vault storage building blocks offer high disk densities, with 30 drives in a 2U Open Rack chassis designed for easy disk drive replacement. The 3.5 inch disks are stored in two drawers, five across and three deep in each drawer, with connections via serial attached SCSI.[16] This storage is also called Knox, there is also a cold storage variant where the disks power down if not used to save energy consumption.[17] Another design concept was contributed by Hyve Solutions, a division of Synnex in 2012.[18][19]
    At the OCP Summit 2016 Facebook together with Taiwanese ODM Wistron's spin-off Wiwynn introduced Lightning, a flexible NVMe JBOF (just a bunch of flash), based on the existing Open Vault (Knox) design.[20][21]
  • Mechanical mounting system: Open racks have the same outside width (600 mm) and depth as standard 19-inch racks, but are designed to mount wider chassis with a 537 mm width (about 21 inches). This allows more equipment to fit in the same volume and improves air flow. Compute chassis sizes are defined in multiples of an OpenU, which is 48 mm, slightly larger than the typical rack unit.
  • Data center designs for energy efficiency, include 277 VAC power distribution that eliminates one transformer stage in typical data centers. A single voltage (12.5 VDC) power supply designed to work with 277 VAC input and 48 VDC battery backup.[8]
  • On May 8, 2013, an effort to define an open network switch was announced.[22] The plan was to allow Facebook to load its own operating system software onto the switch. Press reports predicted that more expensive and higher-performance switches would continue to be popular, while less expensive products treated more like a commodity (using the buzzword "top-of-rack") might adopt the proposal.[23]
    A similar project for a custom switch for the Google platform had been rumored, and evolved to use the OpenFlow protocol.[24][25]
    The first switch Open Sourced by Facebook was designed together with Taiwanese ODM Accton using Broadcom Trident II chip and is called Wedge, the Linux OS that it runs is called FBOSS.[26][27] Later switch contributions include "6-pack" and Wedge-100, based on Broadcom Tomahawk chips.[28] Similar switch hardware designs have been contributed by: Edge-Core Networks Corporation (Accton spin-off), Mellanox Technologies, Interface Masters Technologies, Agema Systems.[29] Capable of running ONIE compatible Operating Systems such as Cumulus Linux, Big Switch or Pica8.[30]
Open Compute V2 Server
Open Compute V2 Drive Tray,
2nd lower tray extended

OCP solutions providers

More information about the OCP Solution Provider Program can be found here

See also

References

  1. "How Facebook Changed the Basic Tech That Runs the Internet". 11 Apr 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Mission and Principles". Open Compute. Retrieved 2016-05-13.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Weinberger, Matt (January 25, 2016). "Facebook's newest data center is going to make some big tech companies very nervous". Open Compute. Retrieved 2016-05-16.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Heiliger, Jonathan (2015-06-15). "Why I Started the Open Compute Project". Retrieved 18 June 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Miller, Rich (April 14, 2011). "Will Open Compute Alter the Data Center Market?". Data Center Knowledge. Retrieved July 9, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Heiliger, Jonathan (April 7, 2011). "Building Efficient Data Centers with the Open Compute Project". Facebook Engineering's notes. Retrieved July 9, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Metz, Cade (January 16, 2013). "Facebook Shatters the Computer Server Into Tiny Pieces". Wired. Retrieved July 9, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. 8.0 8.1 Michael, Amir (February 15, 2012). "Facebook's Open Compute Project". Stanford EE Computer Systems Colloquium. Stanford University.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> (video archive)
  9. "Organization and Board". Open Compute. Retrieved 2015-09-12.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Babcock, Charles (March 11, 2015). "Open Compute: Apple, Cisco Join While HP Expands". Retrieved March 11, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Lenovo joins Open Compute Project". February 23, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Google joins the Open Compute Project". March 9, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Schnell, Tom (January 16, 2013). "ARM Server Motherboard Design for Open Vault Chassis Hardware v0.3 MB-draco-hesperides-0.3" (PDF). Retrieved July 9, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. Data Center Knowledge (April 28, 2016). "Guide to Facebook's Open Source Data Center Hardware". Retrieved May 13, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. Register, The (January 17, 2013). "Facebook rolls out new web and database server designs". Retrieved May 13, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. Mike Yan and Jon Ehlen (January 16, 2013). "Open Vault Storage Hardware V0.7 OR-draco-bueana-0.7" (PDF). Retrieved July 9, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "Under the hood: Facebook's cold storage system". May 4, 2015. Retrieved May 13, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. "Hyve Solutions Contributes Storage Design Concept to OCP Community". News release. January 17, 2013. Retrieved July 9, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. Malone, Conor (January 15, 2012). "Torpedo Design Concept Storage Server for Open Rack Hardware v0.3 ST-draco-chimera-0.3" (PDF). Retrieved July 9, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. Petersen, Chris (March 9, 2016). "Introducing Lightning: A flexible NVMe JBOF". Retrieved May 13, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. "Wiwynn Showcases All-Flash Storage Product with Leading-edge NVMe Technology". March 9, 2016. Retrieved May 13, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. Jay Hauser for Frank Frankovsky (May 8, 2013). "Up next for the Open Compute Project: The Network". Open Compute blog. Retrieved June 20, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. Chernicoff, David (May 9, 2013). "Can Open Compute change network switching?". ZDNet. Retrieved July 9, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  24. Metz, Cade (May 8, 2013). "Facebook Rattles Networking World With 'Open Source' Gear". Wired. Retrieved July 9, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  25. Levy, Steven (April 17, 2012). "Going With the Flow: Google's Secret Switch to the Next Wave of Networking". Wired. Retrieved July 9, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  26. "Introducing "Wedge" and "FBOSS," the next steps toward a disaggregated network". Meet the engineers who code Facebook. June 18, 2014. Retrieved 2016-05-13.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  27. "Facebook Open Switching System ("FBOSS") and Wedge in the open". Meet the engineers who code Facebook. March 10, 2015. Retrieved 2016-05-13.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  28. "Opening designs for 6-pack and Wedge 100". Meet the engineers who code Facebook. March 9, 2016. Retrieved 2016-05-13.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  29. "Accepted or shared hardware specifications". Open Compute. Retrieved 2016-05-13.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  30. "Current Network Operating System (NOS) List". Open Compute. Retrieved 2016-05-13.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links