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Openbox Window Manager
2010-04-24-133031 1280x800 scrot.png
Basic Openbox X-Session
Developer(s) Dana Jansens,[1][2] Mikael Magnusson[3]
Initial release 18 September 2002; 16 years ago (2002-09-18)
Stable release 3.6.1 / 1 July 2015; 3 years ago (2015-07-01)
Written in C
Operating system Unix-like
Type Stacking window manager
License GPLv2+[4]
A highly customized Openbox desktop based on the Elementary theme

Openbox is a free, stacking window manager for the X Window System, licensed under the GNU General Public License.[4] Originally derived from Blackbox[4] 0.65.0 (a C++ project), Openbox has now been totally re-written in the C programming language and since version 3.0 is no longer based upon any code from Blackbox.[5]

Openbox is designed to be small, fast, and fully compliant with the Inter-Client Communication Conventions Manual (ICCCM) and Extended Window Manager Hints (EWMH).[6] It supports many features such as menus by which the user can control applications or which display various dynamic information.[4]

Openbox is the standard window manager in LXDE, and is used in Linux distributions such as CrunchBang Linux, ArchBang, Lubuntu, TinyMe and Trisquel Mini.[7][8][9][10][11][12]

The primary author of Openbox is Dana Jansens of Carleton University in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.[1]

Using Openbox

Openbox allows a right-click (or any other key-binding) "root menu" on the desktop,[4] and allows users to configure the way windows are managed. When a window is minimized, it becomes invisible. To bring windows up again, most use Alt+Tab or the Desktop menu, accessible from the right-click (or, again, any other key-binding the user wants) menu. Extending Openbox with other small programs that add icons, taskbars,[4] launchers, eyecandy and others is common.


ObConf, a GUI configuration editor for Openbox

There are only two configuration files, both located in ~/.config/openbox. They are named menu.xml and rc.xml. These can either be edited manually or with ObConf and obmenu, both graphical configuration tools.[4][13][14]

All mouse and key-bindings can be configured. For example, a user can set a window to go to desktop 3 when the close button is clicked with the middle mouse button or when scrolling on an icon to move to the next/previous desktop and raise or not raise when clicking/moving a window, is also fully configurable.

Pipe menus

Openbox's menu system has a method for using dynamic menus called "pipe menus".[4][15] This is done by accepting the output of a script and using that output as the source for a menu. Each time the user points their mouse at the sub-menu, the script is re-run and the menu is regenerated. This capability allows users and software developers more flexibility than the static menus found in other window managers.

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 Jansens, Dana (November 2007). "User:DanaJansens". Retrieved 19 January 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Jansens, Dana. "Openbox Developer Dana Jansens". Retrieved 19 January 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. " Git - dana/openbox.git/summary". Retrieved 25 August 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 * Saunders, Mike (March 2008). "Lightweight window managers". Linux Format. UK: Future Publishing (103).<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>* Сондерс, Майк (March 2008). Легковесные ОМ (PDF). Linux Format (in Russian). Russia: (103): 21. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. GentooWiki (March 2008). "HOWTO Openbox". Archived from the original on 2008-04-03. Retrieved 2008-04-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "EWMH Compliance Document". Retrieved 2009-09-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. LXDEWiki (September 2008). "LXDE Wiki". Retrieved 2008-09-28.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. CrunchBang Linux (December 2008). "CrunchBang Linux". Retrieved 2008-12-29.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Rolling-release (Linux Wiki)". Retrieved 2014-05-29.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Lavergne, Julian (October 2010). "Lubuntu Applications". Retrieved 14 January 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. DistroWatch (August 2010). "Tiny Me". Retrieved 14 January 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Trisquel Mini GNU/Linux". The Trisquel Project. Retrieved 7 November 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Openbox project (June 2007). "ObConf:About". Retrieved 2008-04-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. obmenu:Index, retrieved 2012-03-28<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. "Openbox Wiki:Pipe menus".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links