The Ophel (Hebrew: עופל) or Ophlas, meaning fortified hill or risen area, is the biblical name given to a certain part of a settlement or city that is elevated from its surroundings. In the Bible the Ophel refers to the elevation in two cities: the extended City of David (the oldest part of Jerusalem), and at Samaria, the ancient capital of the Kingdom of Israel.
- Bible Hub: Ophel. Excellent overview, only partially outdated.
- Jerusalem Archaeological Park. History of archaeological investigation 1838-2000. Does not include important new findings by Eilat Mazar.
- Jerusalem 101: Ophel. Location of the Ophel: plans, models, some photos.
- Lightfoot, John. 2007. From the Talmud and Hebraica, Vol. 1 (reprint). New York, New York: Cosimo. p. 62. ISBN 978-1-60206-406-5
- Freedman, David Noel; editor. 2000. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., p. 990. ISBN 0-8028-2400-5
- Book of Chronicles Chapter 27:3, 33:14
- Book of Kings II, Chapter 5:24
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